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Managing Water Locally: An essential dimension of community water development

Managing Water Locally: An essential dimension of community water development

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Published by Oxfam
Communities are frequently excluded from important aspects of environmental management. But they can play a fundamental role in the management of common pool resources such as water. This is particularly true when state capacity is weak or when communities remain on the periphery of support from any government.

Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) has been widely promoted over the last two decades as a solution for nations’ resources. Yet, managing water resources at a global or state level can be over-ambitious and unrealistic, particularly when many developing countries have weak regulating institutions and limited technical and financial capacity. There is a need to redefine the mechanism for water resource management – giving greater respect to the needs, priorities and possibilities of different countries and contexts. There is potential to develop creative and realistic options for water resource management, particularly at local geographical scales, involving water users.

This report explores how local water resources can be managed successfully by community-based institutions in support of state-level initiatives, where they exist. It follows 12 months of close collaboration between the Institute of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid, who are jointly promoting Community-Based Water Resource Management.
‘...the potential for monitoring and managing water resources at local or community level should be better acknowledged. In particular, traditional water management practices must be recognised and used as a foundation for the development of future water management strategies.’
Sir Crispin Tickell.
Communities are frequently excluded from important aspects of environmental management. But they can play a fundamental role in the management of common pool resources such as water. This is particularly true when state capacity is weak or when communities remain on the periphery of support from any government.

Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) has been widely promoted over the last two decades as a solution for nations’ resources. Yet, managing water resources at a global or state level can be over-ambitious and unrealistic, particularly when many developing countries have weak regulating institutions and limited technical and financial capacity. There is a need to redefine the mechanism for water resource management – giving greater respect to the needs, priorities and possibilities of different countries and contexts. There is potential to develop creative and realistic options for water resource management, particularly at local geographical scales, involving water users.

This report explores how local water resources can be managed successfully by community-based institutions in support of state-level initiatives, where they exist. It follows 12 months of close collaboration between the Institute of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid, who are jointly promoting Community-Based Water Resource Management.
‘...the potential for monitoring and managing water resources at local or community level should be better acknowledged. In particular, traditional water management practices must be recognised and used as a foundation for the development of future water management strategies.’
Sir Crispin Tickell.

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Published by: Oxfam on Oct 27, 2011
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02/27/2014

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Managing water locally
 An essential dimension o community water development
 A joint publication by the Institution o Civil Engineers,Oxam GB and WaterAid
 
Managing water locally: An essential dimension o community water development
© 2011 The Institution o Civil Engineers,Oxam GB and WaterAid. All rights reserved. Published by The Institution o Civil Engineers,Oxam GB and WaterAid, November 2011. The Institution o Civil EngineersOne Great George StreetWestminsterLondon SW1P 2BPTel: +44 (0)20 7665 2150Fax: +44 (0)20 7222 0973 www.ice.org.uk  OxamOxam House, John Smith Drive,Cowley, OxordOX4 2JY Tel: 0300 200 1292Email: publish@oxam.org.uk  www.oxam.org.uk  WaterAid47-49 Durham StreetLondonSE11 5JDTel: +44 (0) 20 7793 4500Email: wateraid@wateraid.org www.wateraid.org Oxam Online ISBN 978-1-78077-011-6 Designed and printed by Progression. www.progressiondesign.co.uk 
 
contents
Glossary 
07
Introduction
11
Options or water resource management
17
Why water resource management is important
25
Integrated Water Resource Management in practice –
37
 experiences rom Sierra Leone and GhanaTraditional water resource management in practice
45
Experiences rom Oxam and WaterAid eld programmes
57
 Aligning national water policy to eld realities
73
Conclusions on Community-Based Water Resource Management
81
 Appendix 1: Identied attributes or engaging in Community-Based
86
 Water Resource Management Appendix 2: Basic monitoring o rainall and groundwater levels
88
Reerences
92
.01.02.03.04.05.06.07.08
3
Managing water locally: An essential dimension o community water development

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