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Alain Prost

Alain Prost

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Published by WILLIAM HASSETT
WIKIPEDIA Alain Prost
WIKIPEDIA Alain Prost

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Published by: WILLIAM HASSETT on Oct 30, 2011
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Alain Prost1
Alain Prost
Alain Prost
Prost in 2009
Born
24 February 1955
Formula One World Championship careerNationality
French
Active years
1980
 – 
1991, 1993
Teams
McLaren, Renault, Ferrari, Williams
Races
202 (199 starts)
Championships
4 (1985, 1986, 1989, 1993)
Wins
51
Podiums
106
Career points
768.5 (798.5)[1]
Pole positions
33
Fastest laps
41
First race
1980 Argentine Grand Prix
First win
1981 French Grand Prix
Last win
1993 German Grand Prix
Last race
1993 Australian Grand Prix
Alain Marie Pascal Prost
, OBE, Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur (born 24 February 1955 in Lorette, Loire) is aFrench racing driver. A four-time Formula One Drivers' Champion, Prost has won more titles than any driver exceptfor Juan Manuel Fangio (five championships), and Michael Schumacher (seven championships). From 1987 until2001 Prost held the record for most Grand Prix victories. Schumacher surpassed Prost's total of 51 victories at the2001 Belgian Grand Prix. In 1999, Prost received the
World Sports Awards of the Century
in the motor sportcategory alongside all-time greats like Pelé, Muhammed Ali, Carl Lewis and Steffi Graf.
[2]
 
Alain Prost2Prost discovered karting at the age of 14 during a family holiday. He progressed through motor sport's junior ranks,winning the French and European Formula Three championships, before joining the McLaren Formula One team in1980 at the age of 25. He finished in the points on his Formula One debut and took his first race victory at his homeGrand Prix in France a year later, while he was driving for Renault's factory team.During the 1980s and early 1990s, Prost formed a fierce rivalry with mainly Ayrton Senna, but also Nelson Piquetand Nigel Mansell. In 1986, at the last race of the season, he managed to pip Mansell and Piquet of Williams to thetitle after Mansell retired late on in the race, and Piquet was pulled in for a late precautionary pit stop. Senna joinedProst at McLaren in 1988 and the two had a series of controversial clashes, including a collision at the 1989 JapaneseGrand Prix that gave Prost his third Drivers' Championship. A year later at the same venue they collided again, butthis time Prost, driving for Ferrari, lost out. Before the end of a winless 1991 season Prost was fired by Ferrari for hispublic criticism of the team. After a sabbatical in 1992, Prost joined the Williams team, prompting reigning drivers'champion Mansell to leave for CART. With a competitive car, Prost won the 1993 championship but he retired at theend of the year rather than be teammates with Senna who signed for 1994 and face the animosities of 1989 and 1990again.In 1997, Prost took over the French Ligier team, running it as Prost Grand Prix until it went bankrupt in 2002. Hecurrently competes in the Andros Trophy, which is an ice racing championship.Prost employed a smooth, relaxed style behind the wheel, deliberately modeling himself on personal heroes likeJackie Stewart and Jim Clark.
[3]
He was nicknamed "The Professor" for his intellectual approach to competition.Skilled at setting up his car for race conditions, Prost would often conserve his brakes and tyres early on in a race,leaving them fresher for a challenge at the end.
[4]
Personal and early life
Alain Prost was born near the town of Saint-Chamond, close to the city of Saint-Etienne in the département of Loire,France, to André Prost and Marie-Rose Karatchian, born in France of Armenian descent.
[5]
Prost had one youngerbrother called Daniel, who died of cancer in September 1986.
[6]
Although short, Prost was an active, athletic child,who enthusiastically took part in diverse sports, including wrestling, roller skating and football. In doing so he brokehis nose several times.
[7]
He considered careers as a gym instructor or a professional footballer before he discoveredkart racing at the age of 14 while on a family holiday.
[8]
This new sport quickly became his career of choice.Prost is married to Anne-Marie (born 14 February 1955). They have two sons, Nicolas (born 18 October 1981) andSacha Prost (born 30 May 1990). Prost also has a daughter, Victoria. As of 2008, Nicolas races in the Euroseries3000 championship for the Elk Motorsport team.
[9]
Prost lived in his hometown, Saint-Chamond, until he and hisRenault team fell out in the early 1980s. In April 1983 the Prost family moved to Sainte-Croix, Switzerland andshortly after to Yens, Switzerland. They moved to Switzerland after Renault workers went to Prost's house in Franceand burned his Mercedes-Benz.
[10]
They lived there until November 1999, when they moved to Nyon in the samecountry.
[11]
In 1986 or 1987 Prost was awarded the Legion d'Honneur by President François Mitterrand.
[10]
 
Alain Prost3
Driving career
Pre-Formula One
Prost won several karting championships in his teens. In 1974 he left school to become a full-time racer, supportinghimself by tuning engines and becoming a kart distributor. His prize for winning the 1975 French senior kartingchampionship was a season in French
[12]
Formula Renault,
[13]
a category in which he won the title and all but onerace in 1976.Prost went on to win the 1977 Formula Renault European championship before moving up to Formula Three (F3) in1978. In 1979 he won both the French and European F3 championships, by which time he was on the shopping listsof several Formula One teams.
[13]
After carefully considering his options, he chose to sign with McLaren for 1980.He surprised the British team by declining their offer of a race drive in a third car at the final race of the 1979 seasonat Watkins Glen
 —
reasoning that the token effort would benefit neither him or the team.
[14]
Formula One
1980: McLaren
 Related article: McLaren
Prost began his career with McLaren (being run by Teddy Mayer) in 1980 alongside Ulsterman John Watson. On hisdebut in Buenos Aires he finished in sixth place earning one point, something achieved by only a handful of drivers.Prost added four more points to his tally during the season, scoring points at Interlagos, Brands HatchandZandvoort. Prost finished the year 15th in the drivers' championship, equalling points with former world championEmerson Fittipaldi. Despite the encouraging debut season, Prost had several accidents, breaking his wrist duringpractice at Kyalami and suffering a concussion during practice at Watkins Glen. At the end of the season, despitehaving two years remaining on his contract, he left McLaren and signed with Renault. Prost has said that he leftbecause of the large number of breakages on the car and because he felt the team blamed him for some of theaccidents.
[14]
1981
 –
1983: Renault
 Related article: Renault F1
1981Prost was partnered with fellow Frenchman René Arnouxfor 1981. Motor sports author Nigel Roebuck reports that there were problems between Prost and Arnoux from the start of the season, Prost being immediately quicker thanhis more experienced teammate.
[15]
He did not finish the first two Grands Prix, due to collisions with Andrea deCesaris in Long Beach and Siegfried Stohr in Jacarepaguá, but scored his first podium finishin Argentina. He retiredin the next four races before winning his first Formula One race at his home Grand Prix in France, finishing twoseconds ahead of his old teammate John Watson. For Prost, his debut victory was memorable mostly for the changeit made in his mindset. "Before, you thought you could do it," he said. "Now you know you can."
[16]
Prost won twomore races during the season, took his first pole position in Germany and finished on the podium every time hecompleted a race distance. He finished fifth in the drivers' championship, seven points behind champion NelsonPiquet.1982Prost won the first two Grands Prix of the 1982 season in South Africa, where Prost recovered from losing a wheel,and Brazil. He finished in the points on four other occasions, but did not win again. Despite retiring from sevenraces, Prost improved on his drivers' championship position, finishing in fourth, but with nine fewer points than theprevious year. His relationship with Arnoux deteriorated further after the French Grand Prix. Prost believes thatArnoux, who won the race, went back on a pre-race agreement to support Prost during the race. His relationship with

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