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En Wikipedia Org Wiki Communist Party of China

En Wikipedia Org Wiki Communist Party of China

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Communist Party of China
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese:\u4e2d\u56fd\u5171\u4ea7\u515a; traditional
Chinese Communist Party
\u4e2d\u56fd\u5171\u4ea7\u515a
General
Secretary
Hu Jintao
Founded
July 1, 1921 (official)
July 23, 1921 (de facto)
HeadquartersZhongnanhai, Beijing
Political
ideology

Marxism-Leninism (official), Maoism
(official), Deng Xiaoping Theory with
Socialism with Chinese characteristics
(official), Three Represents (official),
Scientific Development Concept (official)

No. of
members
73,360,000 (2007)
Chinese:\u4e2d\u570b\u5171\u7522\u9ee8; pinyin: Zh\u014dnggu\u00f3 G\u00f2ngch\u01cend\u01ceng), also known as theCh i n ese
Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the People's Republic of China, a

position guaranteed by the country's constitution. The Communist Party of China was founded
in 1921, and fought the National Government of China (Republic of China) led by the
Kuomintang (KMT) during the Chinese Civil War, which ended with the Communist Party of
China's victory in the Chinese Revolution. With more than 70 million members,[1] the CPC is

the largest political party in the world, with this number being but 5% of the total population of
China.
Role within the People's Republic of China
The CPC is one of the three centers of power within the People's Republic of China, the other two being the state
apparatus and the People's Liberation Army. It is the main center of power in the PRC. In areas administered by the
Contents
n
1 Role within the People's Republic of China
n
2 Organization
n
3 Internal or external groupings
n
4 History
n
4.1 As Revolutionary Party
n
4.2 As Ruling Party
n
5 Viewpoints: criticism and support
n
6 Current leadership
n
7 List of leaders of the Communist Party of China
n
8 References and Notes
n
9 See also
n
10 External links
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Communist Party of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
01/01/2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_China
PDF crea
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PRC outside of the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, the Communist Party of China functions
effectively as a single party state.

The relationship between party and state is somewhat different from that of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union under Stalin's successors, in which the party controlled the state. In the current PRC structure, power derives from the state position, but key state positions are invariably held by members of the party and the party through its organization department makes crucial decisions on who occupies what position. However, in contrast to the Soviet situation where the party had extra-legal authority, it has been established since the early 1990s that the party is subject to rule of law and is therefore subject to the authority of the state and the Constitution of the People's Republic of China.

Within the central government, the Party and state structures are fused with the leader of a ministry or commission also
being the leader of the party body associated with that ministry. At the provincial or lower levels, the party and state heads are invariably separate,
although the party head has a high state position and the state head has a high party position. The general practice at the provincial level has been for the
governor of the province government to have been promoted through the local bureaucracy and for the party general secretary to be an outsider.

Although the PRC exercises sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, the Communist Party of China cannot interfere with the local politics of these two special administrative regions. Instead it uses PRC United Front strategy like tactics to purposely weaken democracy camps in the region.[2] Pro- Beijing groups have been installed since the 1990s to try and gain lower and middle class citizen support in local elections.[3]

Organization
The party's organizational structure was destroyed during the Cultural Revolution and rebuilt afterwards by Deng Xiaoping, who subsequently initiated
"Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and brought all state apparatuses back under the control of the CPC.
Theoretically, the party's highest body is the National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which meets at least once every five years. The
primary organization of power in the Communist Party which are listed in the party constitution include:
n
Central Committee, which includes:
n
The Politburo Standing Committee, which currently consists of nine members; see current
members of the Politburo Standing Committee for a complete list.
n
The Politburo, consisting of 24 full members (including the members of the Politburo Standing Committee) and one alternate; see current
members of the Politburo for a complete list.
n
The Secretariat, the principal administrative mechanism of the CPC, headed by the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China;
n
The Central Military Commission (a parallel organization of the government institution of the same name);
Flag of the Communist Party
of China
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_China
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n

The Central Discipline Inspection Commission, which is directly under the National Congress and on
the same level with the Central Committee, charged with rooting out corruption and malfeasance
among party cadres.

Other central organizations include:
n
General Office;
n
Central Organization Department;
n
Propaganda (Publicity) Department;
n
International Liaison Department; and
n
United Front Department
In addition, there are numerous commissions and leading groups, the most important of which are:
n
Central Political and Legislative Affairs Committee
n
Work Committee for Organs under the Central Committee
n
Work Committee for Central Government Organs
n
Central Financial and Economic Leading Group
n
Central Leading Group for Rural Work
n
Central Leading Group for Party Building
n
Central Foreign Affairs Leading Group
n
Central Taiwan Affairs Leading Group
n
Commission for Protection of Party Secrets
n
Leading Group for State Security
n
Party History Research Centre
n
Party Research Center
n
Central Party School

Every five years, the Communist Party of China holds a National Congress. The latest is currently on-going, and opened on October 15, 2007.
Formally, the Congress serves two functions: to approve changes to the Party constitution and to elect a Central Committee, about 300 strong. The
Central Committee in turn elects the Politburo. In practice, positions within the Central Committee and Politburo are determined before a Party

Jiang Zemin with Hu Jintao, the current
General Secretary of the party.
The People's Liberation Army in dress
uniform.
Page 3 sur 11
Communist Party of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
01/01/2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_China
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