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Lecture 7 & 8 - Chordata and Marine Biodiversity

Lecture 7 & 8 - Chordata and Marine Biodiversity

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Published by: api-3827285 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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PHYLUM CHORDATA
Chordata: Main Characteristics
\u2013Pharyngeal Slits

\u00bbSeries of openings connecting inside of neck to outside;
\u00bbSometimes in form of gills;
\u00bbFor terrestrial groups: only exist during embryonic stages.

\u2013Dorsal Nerve Cord
\u00bbA bundle of nerve fibres running along dorsal area;
\u00bbConnects brain to lateral muscles and other organs;
\u2013Notochord

\u00bbCartilage rod that supports nerve chord;
\u00bbFor some: disappear during adult stage;
\u00bbVertebrata: notochord during embryo, vertebra (backbone)

during adult;
\u2013Post Anal Tail
\u00bbTail located beyond anus;
Chordata: General Characteristics

\u2022Closed circulatory system;
\u2022Almost all with a heart;
\u2022Most with blood containinghaemogl obi n
\u2022Muscles segmented into blocks callmyotomes
\u2022All chordates are Deuterosomes (just like

Echinodermata): ie anus formed before mouth
\u20222 Classes (Urochordata and Cephalochordata) are
important oceanic filter feeders

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