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Basic Sentence Parts and Patterns

Basic Sentence Parts and Patterns

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Published by: api-3804041 on Oct 18, 2008
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01/13/2015

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BASIC SENTENCE PARTS AND PATTERNSI.SUBJECTS AND VERBSSENTENCE-
a group of words with two main parts:complete subject and complete predicate or verb.
COMPLETE SUBJECT-
the noun, pronoun or group of words.
COMPLETE PREDICATE-
verb or verb phrase, tells whatthe complete subject of the sentence does or is.
COMPLETE SUBJECTCOMPLETE PREDICATEEx: DogsbarMy favourite hideoutis in the old oatreeJane and Paulwent scuba diving andsailingA little girl with pigtailslicked her icecream cone happily.SIMPLE SUBJECT-
is the essential noun, pronoun, orgroup of words acting as a noun that cannot be left out of the complete subject.
SIMPLE PREDICATE-
is the essential verb or verbphrase that cannot be left out of the complete predicate.
COMPLETE SUBJECTCOMPLETEPREDICATEEx: The popular and busy
restaurantfille
quickly
 
Gerard Manley Hopkinsdestroye
nearlyall of his earlypoetry in 1868The tiny
nation
of San Marino has always
received 
most of itsincome from the sale of postage stampsCOMPOUN SUBJECT-
two or more subjects that havethe same verb and are joined by a conjunction such as
and 
or
or 
COMPOUND VERB-
two or more verbs that have thesame subject and are joined by a conjunction such as
and 
or
 
or 
Ex:
1.
She
sneezed 
and
coughed 
throughout the play.
2.
 
We
 
will think 
about it and
act 
soon
3.
 The
dog
and
cat
 
eyed 
each other,
circled 
warily, andthen
advanced 
into combat.
II.THE FOUR FUNCTIONS OF SENTENCESDECLARATIVE SENTENCE-
states and idea and endswith a period.1.Dogs bite about twenty-eight mail carriers throughout the United States every day.2.We should try to encourage school spirit.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE-
asks a question and endswith a question mark. (?)1.Why did you hide my socks?2.Why should we vote for this proposition?

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