II. Executive Summary
Under Article 12 of the Burundian constitution, the rights protected by the internationalconventions to which Burundi is a party are integrated into the Burundian constitution.
Burundihas signed and ratified numerous international human rights conventions. In addition to theAfrican Charter, Burundi is a State Party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social andCultural Rights (ICESCR),
the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR),
the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW),
the Convention Against Torture and other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment(CAT),
and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
Burundi’s internationalobligations under these instruments are relevant in further clarifying its obligations under theAfrican Charter. In interpreting and applying the Charter, Article 60 empowers the AfricanCommission to “draw inspiration from international law on human and peoples’ rights...as wellas from the provisions of various instruments adopted within the...United Nations of which theParties to the present Charter are members.”
Law Office of Ghazi Suleiman v Sudan
specificallyacknowledged the relevance of Article 60 by applying jurisprudence from the European Court onHuman Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
In fact, several AfricanCommission cases draw from jurisprudence decided in analogous regional human rightsbodies.
Article 567 of the Burundian Penal Code is in violation of Articles 2, 3 and 28 of the AfricanCharter. In its specific application to same-sex practicing people (men who have sex with menand women who have sex with women), it is also in violation of Articles 4, 5 and 6.Burundians are vulnerable to violence, intimidation and discrimination on the basis of theirsexual orientation and gender identity. This is in violation of Article 2, 3, 4, 5, 15, 16 and 17 of the African Charter. In particular, Burundian activists working to counter discrimination andpromote health regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity are targeted and persecuted.This is additionally in violation of Articles 9 and 16 of the African Charter.
Article 12: Le respect des droits et des devoirs proclamés et garantis par la Déclaration Universelle des droits del’homme, les pactes internationaux relatifs aux droits de l’homme, la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et despeuples ainsi que la Charte de l’unité nationale est garanti par le présent Acte Constitutionnel.Aucune restriction de ces droits ne peut etre imposée que par la loi.
Acceded on 9 May 1990.
Acceded on 9 May 1990.
Acceded on 8 January 1992.
Adopted on 10 December 1984, entered into force on 26 June 1987, Burundi ratified it on 31 December 1992.
Adopted on 20 November 1989, and it entered into force on 2nd September 1990.
Communication 228/1999 – 16th Annual Activity Report at 48-50.
Curtis Fancis Doebbler v Sudan
[Communication 236/2000 – 16th Annual Activity Report] applied jurisprudence from the European Court of Human Rights.