down as much of the savings to the U.S. consumer who purchased fromthem.Additionally the policies of the government are also specific towardsparticular countries such as Mexico. Most of the workmen coming fromMexico are unskilled labor and work cheaply in the heavily burdened servicesector of America. As such a lot of jobs in the southern states are lost toimmigrants giving rise to nationalist sentiments. The forest-jobs such as treefelling, logging, transportation is filled up with Canadians from north who arewooed by the attractive higher wages then Canada.
Internal migration is now recognized as an important factor in influencingsocial and economic development, especially in developing countries.According to census 2001, the total population of India is 1028 millionconsisting of 532 million males and 496 million females. India isgeographically divided into 28 states and 7 Union Territories. There is atremendous variation in the aggregate population size across the state. Itvaries from 0.54 million in Sikkim to 166.2 million in Uttar Pradesh. In 2001,309 million persons were migrants based on place of last residence, whichconstitute about 30% of the total population of the country. This figureindicates an increase of around 37 percent from census 1991 which recorded226 million migrants. (The final statistics from Census 2011 are yet to bereleased). The reasons for migration have been classified broadly as –work/employment, business, education, marriage, moved at birth, movedwith family and others. Of these reasons, moved at birth, moved with familyand others constitute a negligible amount of people. Marriage as a reasonhas come only recently in prominence with inter-state, inter-culturalboundaries being let more relaxed. Some special cases like Haryana havingno brides and girls from north-east, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand being broughtover deserve a special mention. Other than these, economic migrations –work/employment, business and post educational together form a majorfraction of the migrating population. Additionally, it is observed thatemployment among males and marriage among females are the mainreasons for migration.A close look at the pattern of each state’s out-migration is as follows. 56percent of out-migrants from Uttar Pradesh have gone to Maharashtra,Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. In the case of Bihar, nearly 50 percent out-