Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
\u2297Is characterized by recurrent obsessions and compulsions that interfere
with normal life.
\u2297Refers to persistent, painful intrusive thought, emotion or urge that one is
unable to suppress or ignore.
\u2297Refers to repetitious uncontrollable act and sometimes a purposeful act to
prevent a certain mistake in an event or situation.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
\u2297Is the delayed reaction of the person who has been involved or exposed to
a traumatic events.
\u2297Symptoms of this disorder are:
intense psychological distress
feeling of detachment or estrangement from others
avoidance of thoughts and feelings
recurrent distressing dreams
inability to recall an important aspect of the trauma
\u2297Calm and nonjudgmental approach to convey acceptance.
\u2297Use short and simple sentences or words.
\u2297Help the client develop an increase tolerance to anxiety.
\u2297Help the client to:
develop a problem-solving and coping skills of the client.
develop the ability to remain calm in anxiety-producing situations.
\u2297Systematic desensitization (phobic disorders)
\u2297Clients with ritualistic behavior (obsessive-compulsive disorder) should not
be prohibited or reprimanded.
\u2297Biofeedback, change of the scenery, therapeutic touch, hypnosis, massage
or relaxation exercises.
\u2297Administer medications, as ordered.
ANXIETY RELATED DISORDERS
\u2297Free floating anxiety disorder
express emotional turmoil or conflict through physical symptoms.
usually seek for repeated medical attention.
may exhibit antisocial behavior and may attempt suicide.
\u2297Associated with anxiety and depression
\u2297A condition in which an anxiety-provoking impulse is converted
unconsciously into functional symptoms.
\u2297Conscious counterpart of malingering
\u2297Examples: Paralysis, blindness, loss of touch or pain sensation, dyspnea,
seizures or convulsions
\u2297An individual presents an unrealistic or exaggerated physical complaints.
\u2297The person becomes, preoccupied with the fear of developing or having
already a disease or illness in spite of medical reassurance.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
\u2297Preoccupation with an imagined defect in his or her appearance.
\u2297Slight physical abnormality = excessive concern / anxiety
\u2297Inability to recall extensive amount of important information
\u2297Caused by trauma
Psychiatric Nursing: Lecture Aid