The Montessori Model in early childhood education was created by Dr. Maria Montessori(1870-1952). She was an expert in education for needy children. Montessori opened herfirst school in Rome (1906), where she took two years to train her teachers the use of observation in education for needy children. Besides, she also did a lot of observationsand experiments using different kinds of ways and materials and used all theconsequences in her model.
“Today, Montessori is popular worldwid
e. Montessori Modeland schools are different in many ways from traditional schools. These differences are
many but, so are the benefits.”
Dr. Maria Montessori believes that the Montessori Model can bring more benefits to thechildren with special needs and can improve the normal children as well. Traditionalschools use rules and regulations to form the children
development and their behaviour.They have schedules and set times for their routine such as Reading, Maths Time, CircleTime, eating, playing and even rest time. The children have no choice but to follow theschedule.Montessori schools allow children to choose how long they want to learn an activity.They do not have fixed schedules
some activities can take a longer or shorter time thananother; this depends on the children
mood and energy in the classroom.
The Montessori approach is designed to support the natural development of the childrenin a well prepared environment. The Montessori Method seeks to support
personality development and cognitive competence. Children are encouraged to be self-disciplined, self-directed and independent.
role is to prepare suitable
materials and classroom environment according to children’s need