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Final Logic Families

Final Logic Families

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Published by Aman Khera

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Published by: Aman Khera on Dec 19, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/16/2014

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5/5/12
 
DIGITAL LOGIC FAMILIES
ITM,Gurgaon
 
5/5/12
 
Digital Logic Families
ICs are also classified based on their specific circuit technology, known as
digital logic family
.
Each family has its own basic electronic components (NAND, NOR, and NOT gates), used to build complex digital circuits.
Various digital logic families have been introduced and used over theyears.
(in chronological order)
RTL: Resistor-Transistor Logic
DTL: Diode-Transistor Logic
TTL: Transistor-Transistor Logic
ECL: Emitter-coupled Logic
MOS: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor 
CMOS: Complementary MOS
Low power dissipation, currently the MOST DOMINANT
BiCMOS: Bipolar CMOS
CMOS and TTL for additional current/speed
GaAs: Gallium-Arsenide
ITM,Gurgaon
 
5/5/12
 
Defining Characteristics of Digital Logic Families
Fan-in:
# of gate inputs.
Fan-out:
# of standard loads a gate’s output can drive.
 Noise margin:
max external noise tolerated.
 Power dissipation:
power consumed by the gate (dissipated asheat).
 Propagation delay:
time required for an input signal change to beobserved at an output line.
ITM,Gurgaon
PropagationDelay
One of the most important design parameters (if not THE mostimportant!)The maximum propagation delay (tpd) determines the circuit’s speed.tPHL: high-to-low propagation timetPLH: low-to-high propagation timetpd = max(tPHL, tPLH)

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