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The human movement system (HMS) is comprised of three systems: the muscular, nervous and skeletal (2). When these systems work together, they form a kinetic chain to produce efficient movement. Although these systems are separate, they must work together as an interdependent and interrelated design. Because the HMS is an integrated system, impairment in one system leads to compensations and adaptations in other systems. When one component in the HMS is out of alignment, it results in an HMS impairment and ultimately injury (3). The inclusion of a comprehensive movement assessment can identify movement dysfunction and identify those at risk for musculoskeletal injury.
Tending or intended to correct or counteract or restore to a normal condition; "corrective measures";
Bodily or mental exertion, especially for the sake of training or improvement of health
Corrective exercise is a term used to describe the systemic process of identifying a neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction, developing a plan of action and implementing an integrated strategy.
This process requires knowledge and application of an integrated assessment process, corrective program design, and exercise technique. Collectively, the threestep process is to: 1. Identify the problem. (Integrated assessment). 2. Solve the problem. (Corrective program design). 3. Implement the solution (exercise technique).
Human Movement system
Movement assessments can be categorized into two types: transitional assessments and dynamic assessments. Transitional assessments would include movements such as squatting, pressing, pushing, pulling, and balancing. Dynamic movement assessments include movements such as walking and jumping. [The National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) has seven transitional and four dynamic movement assessments.] Collectively, this data will produce a more comprehensive representation of the client or patient and thus a more individualized corrective exercise strategy.
Movement assessments are a key component in determining movement efficiency and potential risks for injury. These assessments can help in designing a specific corrective exercise program to enhance Functionality and overall performance, thus decreasing the risk for injury.
IMPORTANCE OF CORRECTIVE EXERCISE
• Motor Learning • Motor Control
Motor learning is a "relatively permanent" change, resulting from practice or a novel experience, in the capability for responding (Guthrie, 1952). It often involves improving the smoothness and accuracy of movements and is obviously necessary for complicated movements such as speaking, playing the piano and climbing trees; but it is also important for calibrating simple movements like reflexes, as parameters of the body and environment change over time.
Simple tasks, such as reaching for a cup of coffee, are actually surprisingly complex, requiring the successful coordination of sensory input (seeing the cup of coffee, sensing one's own movement towards it, feeling one's fingers touch it, sensing its weight when moving it. etc.) and motor output (moving the eyes, extending one's arm, grasping the cup and lifting it, adjusting one's muscle tone to compensate for the added weight, etc.). Motor control are information processing related activities carried out by the central nervous system that organize the musculoskeletal system to create coordinated movements and skilled actions. Thus the study of motor control involves studying perception and cognition, feedback processes, and biomechanics, to name a few
Aim and Objectives of corrective Exercise
• • • • The Pit stop Test centre Awareness Knowledge
Scope of corrective Exercise
• • • • • • • • Exercise Therapy Physiotherapy Rehabilitation Exercise Physiology Biomechanics Sports Training Research Education