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Understanding Partition

Understanding Partition

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Published by Ramita Udayashankar
Themes in Indian History III; Class XII History
Themes in Indian History III; Class XII History

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Published by: Ramita Udayashankar on Jan 13, 2012
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08/16/2012

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Yleis}ukleola Rksuouofl3 jks`}Qgku ef yf leis}ukle cy ugi uisj Mfjjlkno}j6
Mfjjylkno}j sihis} uf k rfnouom} ugku }ii`} uf yloh fli mfjjylou ksfyle k sinoaofy}oeiluou ol gf}uoni frrf}ouofl uf klfugis mfjjylou, Ou }ii`} uf eiholi ugo} mfjjylouoeiluou k} hylekjilukn kle howie,
Qgil qisi rsfxolmokn inimuofl} gine ol Oleok hfs ugi hos}u uoji kle qgku qk} ugifumfji6
Inimuofl} uf ugi rsfxolmokn niao}nkuysi} qisi gine ol ;?=1 kle fln krrsfwojkuin ;3 rismilu fh ugi rfrynkuofl ildfie ugi soagu uf xfui, Ugi Mflasi}} qfl kl kc}fnyuijkdfsou ol hoxi fyu fh inixil rsfxolmi} kle hfsjie afxisljilu} ol }ixil fh ugij, Oueoe cken ol ugi mfl}uouyilmoi} si}isxie hfs Jy}noj}. cyu ugi Jy}noj Nikayi kn}f hksie rffsn ol ugi inimuofl,
Qgku qk} ugi Gole Jkgk}kcgk6
Ugi Goley Jkgk}kcgk qk} k Goley rksu ugku sijkolie mflholie uf Lfsug Oleok, Ou qk}hfyleie ol ;?;9 kle kojie uf yloui Goley }fmoiu c ilmfyskaola ugi Goley} ufuskl}mile ugi eoxo}ofl} fh mk}ui kle }imu, Ou }fyagu uf eiholi Goley oeiluou olfrrf}ouofl uf Jy}noj oeiluou,
Qgku ksi ugi uqf uyri} fh }uisifuyri} ugku iwo}uie kle }uonn iwo}u ol cfug Oleok kleRk`o}ukl6
Rsi}ilu ek }uisifuri} ugku iwo}u ol Oleok kle Rk`o}ukl ekui ckm` uf ugi uoji fh rksuouoflkle ol misukol ol}uklmi} ixil cihfsi ;?51,
Ol Oleok. Jy}noj} ksi mfl}oeisie msyin. coafuie. ylmnikl. ei}mileklu} fh olxkeis}.qgoni Goley} ksi `ole. nociskn. rysi. mgonesil fh ugi olxkeie,
S,J, Jysrg k dfyslkno}u gk} }gfql ugku }ojonks ]uisifuri} iwo}u ol Rk`o}ukl,Kmmfseola uf goj. }fji Rk`o}uklo} hiin ugku Jy}noj} ksi hkos. cskxi. Jflfugio}u} klejiku*ikuis}. qgoni Goley} ksi eks`. mfqksen. rfnugio}u} kle xiaiuksokl,
Qgku eoe ugi rf}}oconouy fh }irkskui inimufskui} jikl hfs ugi J}noj} ol Oleok6
]irkskui inimufskui} hfs Jy}noj} jiklu ugku Jy}noj} mfyne lfq inimu ugios fqlsirsi}ilukuoxi} ol ei}oalkuie mfl}uouyilmoi}, Ugo} nie uf hkxfysola fh rksuomynks sinoaofy}asfyr} c ugi rfnouomokl} qfs`ola qougol ugo} }}uij,
Qgku ef yf leis}ukle cy ugi uisj ‗gfnfmk}u‟ qoug sihisilmi uf ugi Oleoklrksuouofl6
Mfluijrfsks fc}isxis} kle }mgfnks} gkxi }fjiuoji} y}ie ugi iwrsi}}ofl „gfnfmky}u‚hfs ugi `onnola}. skri. ks}fl. kle nffu ugku mfl}uouyuie ugi Rksuouofl, Ugi qfse rsojksonjikl} ei}usymuofl fs ]nkyaguis fl k jk}} }mkni,
Qgku qisi ugi ojjieokui khuis ihhimu} fh ugi Rksuouofl ol Oleok6
Ugi Rksuouofl si}ynuie ol k jk}}oxi mkuk}usfrgi fl cfug }oei} fh ugi }gkefq noli},
]ixiskn gylesie ugfy}kle rifrni qisi `onnie kle Ollyjiskcni qfjil skrie klekceymuie,
Jonnofl} fh rifrni fl cfug }oei} qisi yrsffuie. uskl}hfsjie oluf sihyaii} ol knoilnkle},
Qsoui k }gfsu lfui fl ugi rsfxolmokn inimuofl} fh ;?=1,
 
Ol ;?=1. hos}u uoji ugi inimuofl} qisi gine hfs ugi rsfxolmokn niao}nkuysi}, Fln ;2) uf;3) fh ugi rfrynkuofl gke ugi soagu uf xfui, Ugi Mflasi}} afu hynn jkdfsou kle qfl 9fyu fh ;; rsfxolmi}, Jy}noj Nikayi mfyne lfu qol ixil k }olani }iku ol LfsugQi}u Hsfluois Rsfxolmi, Ou mfyne aiu fln 3 }iku} fyu fh 75 fh si}isxie mfl}uouyilmoi}kle = fyu fh == ol ]ole, Ol Ylouie Rsfxolmi}. Cfjck kle Jkesk}. Jy}noj Nikayiqkluie uf hfsj k dfolu afxisljilu qoug ugi Mflasi}} cyu Mflasi}} sidimuie ugi fhhis,
Qgku qk} ugi knuislkuoxi uf rksuouofl aoxil cy ugi Mkcoliu Jo}}ofl6
Ol Jksmg ;?58. Mkcoliu Jo}}ofl qk} }ilu uf Oleok uf iwkjoli ugi Jy}noj Nikayi‟}eijkle} kle kn}f uf rsfrf}i k }youkcni rfnouomkn hskjiqfs` hfs kl oleirileilu Oleok, Ousimfjjileie k nff}i ugsii uois mflhieiskuofl, Ou qkluie Oleok uf sijkol ylouie, Ou}yaai}uie ugku Oleok qfyne gkxi k qik` miluskn afxisljilu mflusfnnola fln hfsioalkhhkos} kle eihilmi kle mfjjylomkuofl} uf ci qoug ugi rsfxolmokn k}}ijcnoi}, Liougis ugi Mflasi}} lfs ugi Nikayi kmmiruie ugi rsfrf}kn,
Qgy eoe ugi Mflasi}} holknny kasii uf rksuouofl6
Mflasi}} hinu ugku ugi fln qk uf aiu fyu fh ugi eo}uyscklmi} mky}ie c mfjjylknxofnilmi qk} uf niu ugi rksuouofl uk`i rnkmi, Ou kmmiruie ugi rsfrf}kn fh rksuouofl k} klimi}}ks ixon,
Mflasi}} gke iwrisoilmie rfnouomkn mgkf} qgoni qfs`ola qoug Jy}noj Nikayi ol ugioluisoj afxisljilu kle }ffl siknotie ugku k eijfmskuom kle }imynks sirycnom mfyne cii}ukcno}gie fln khuis rksuouofl,
Qgil qk} ugi eijkle hfs Rk`o}ukl ru hfsqkse6 Qgku qk} ugi rsolmorni ou qk}ck}ie fl6
Jy}noj Nikayi eijkleie ugi msikuofl fh Rk`o}ukl ol ;?52 ku ugi Nkgfsi }i}}ofl, Ou qk} ck}ie fl ugi rsolmorni fh uqf*lkuofl ugifs qgisi Oleok qfyne ci eoxoeie oluf uqflkuofl} fh Goley} kle Jy}noj},
Qgil kle qgy eoe Msorr} jo}}ofl mfji uf Oleok6 Aoxi fli sik}fl hfs ou} hkonsi,
Msorr} jo}}ofl kssoxie ol Oleok ol Jksmg ;?53 uf gkxi k eoknfayi qoug ugi Oleoklnikeis} qoug k xoiq uf asklu Efjolofl ]ukuy} uf Oleok, Ugo} jo}}ofl hkonie cimky}i oueoe lfu rsfjo}i uf aoxi mfjrniui oleirileilmi uf Oleok,
Gfq eoe ugi }sxoxfs} ei}msoci ugi Rksuouofl6
]ysxoxfs} fh ;?51 rksuouofl ei}msocie ugi olmoeilu ol jkl lkji}, Ugi mknnie ouk} Jkk}gkn*nk 'jksuokn nkq/. jksk*jkso '`onnola}/ kle skynk fs gynnks 'eo}uyscklmi.uyjynu. yrsfks/,
Qgil qk} ugi Gole Jkgk}kcgk hfsjie6
Ugi Goley Jkgk}kcgk qk} hfyleie ol ;?;9, Fli fh ou} hfyleis} qk} X, E, ]kxks`ks, Ouqk} k Goley rksu mflholie uf Lfsug Oleok, Ou usoie uf yloui Goley} c aoxola yr mk}uikle }imu, Ou qk} }uksuie uf aoxi mfyluis kmuofl} uf ugi Jy}noj Fsaklotkuofl} fh ugku uoji,
Gfq mkl qi }ky ugku ugi mflhnomu ciuqiil Gole} kle J}noj o} lfu k go}ufsom ollkusi6
]fji fh Oleokl kle Rk`o}ukl Go}ufsokl} cinoixi ugku Jfgkjjke Kno Dollkg‟} ugifsugku Jy}noj} kle Goley} mfl}uouyuie uqf }irkskui lkuofl} mfyne ci uskmie ckm` uf ugijieoixkn go}ufs, Ixilu fh rksuouofl kn}f nie uf ugi mfluolykuofl fh mflhnomu ciuqiil uqfasfyr} hsfj ugi jieoixkn kle jfeisl risofe}, Cyu ugo} xoiq kle ksayjilu} ef lfugfne kl }usfla ixoeilmi }olmi ou sihy}i} ugi jyuykn mynuyskn iwmgklai kle go}ufs fh }gksola, Ou kn}f liakui} ugi xis lkuysi fh mgklai ugku rifrni‟} ugol`ola o} mgklaie cmosmyj}uklmi},
 
Qgku o} ugi ojrfsuklmi fh ugi Nm`lfq Rkmuol ugi go}ufsomkn mfluiwu fh ugiRksuouofl6
Ugi Nym`lfq Rkmu }oalie ol ;?;8 ciuqiil ugi Mflasi}} kle ugi Jy}noj Nikayi qk}kl ojrfsuklu fli ol yleis}ukleola ugi Rksuouofl. cimky}i ou }gfq} ugi fsoaol fh ugiJy}noj Nikayi qgomg qk} mflusfnnie c ugi YR*ck}ie „_fyla Rksu‚, Fli fh hikuysi}fh ugi Nym`lfq Rkmu qk} ugi kmmiruklmi fh }irkskui inimufskui, Gfqixis. ugi rkmu rkxie ugi qk hfs k dfolu rfnouomkn rnkuhfsj hfs ugi Jfeiskui}. Iwusijo}u} kle ugiJy}noj Nikayi cyu ol k qk Mflasi}} gk} kmmiruie kle niaouojo}ie ugi }irkskuiinimufskui }}uij qgomg o} ck}ie fl ugi xoiq ugku Goley kle Jy}noj} ksi lfu uqfeohhisilu sinoaofl} cyu lkuofl,
Qgil qk} ugi Ksyk ]kjkd hfsjie6
Ugi Ksk ]kjkd. k Lfsug Oleokl Goley sihfsj jfxijilu hfyle c Ekklklek]ksk}qkuo ol ;719, Fli rfrynks }nfakl fh ugi Ksk ]kjkd qk} „Af ckm` uf Xiek}‚
 
kleou} jkol hylmuofl} qisi uf }y}ukol ugi Xieom rskmuomi}, Ugo} usile o} `lfql k}sixoxkno}j,
Qgil qk} ugi J}noj Nikai hfsjie6
Ugi Jy}noj Nikayi qk} hnfkuie ol Egk`k ol ;?28, Ou qk} efjolkuie c ugi YR ck}ieJy}noj inoui, Kak @gkl OO qk} fli fh ugi hfyleis} fh ugi Knn Oleok Jy}noj Nikayi k}qinn k} ou} hos}u Rsi}oeilu, Ugi Jy}noj Nikayi eijkleie hfs ugi }irkskui lkuofl hfs ugiJy}noj} eysola ;?52},
Gfq eoe ugi Sk}gusoyk ]qkykj}ixk` ]klag }rsike uf ugi fugis rksu fh ugimflusy6
Ugi S]] }rsike hsfj Lkarys uf ugi Ylouie Rsfxolmi}. ugi Ryldkc kle fugis rksu} fh ugimfylus ol ;?=2}, C ;?52} ugi S]] gke jfsi ugkl ;22.222 uskolie mkesi} qoug }usflaoeifnfa fh Goley Lkuoflkno}j, Ugi qisi mflxolmie ugku Oleok qk} k nkle fh ugiGoley},
Qgku iwkjrni qfne yf aoxi uf ugi ksajilu ugku ugi J}noj Nikai qk} lfugkxola mniks oeik fh ugi }irkskui lkuofl ol ;?=26
Ysey rfiu Jfgkjjke O{ckn. ugi qsouis fh „]ksi Dkgkl ]i Kmggk Goley}uklGkjksk‚ eijkleie hfs k }irkskui „Lfsug Qi}u Oleokl Jy}noj ]ukui‚ Ol go} rsi}oeiluoknkeesi}} uf ugi Jy}noj Nikayi ol ;?=2 ugi rfiu ryu hfsqkse go} oluiluofl, Gi eoe lfu rsieomu ugi ijisailmi fh }irkskui }ukui qoug kl koj uf sifsakloti ugi Jy}noj jkdfsouuf hfsj kl kyuflfjfy} ylou qougol k }olani Oleokl hieiskuofl,
Qgf mfolie ugi lkji Rk`o}ukl6 Qgku efi} ou }ukle} hfs6
Ugi lkji Rk`o}ukl }ukle} hfs k} hfnnfq}4
R* RldkcK *Khakl@ * @k}gjos] * ]oleUkl* Cknmgo}ukl
Ugo} lkji qk} mfolie c k Ryldkco. Jy}noj }uyeilu ku Mkjcsoeai Mgfyegs SigjkuKno, Ol go} rkjrgniu Lfq fs Lixis. gi jiluoflie kcfyu ou, Olouoknn nikeis} eoe lfu uk`iou }isofy}n kle sidimuie k} k esikj fh k }uyeilu,
Qgf qisi ugi uqf jkol nikeis} frrf}ie uf ugi rksuouofl fl ugi mfjjlkn noli6

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