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Race, Class, and Gender in the Information Age

Race, Class, and Gender in the Information Age

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Published by lorita_watson
ABSTRACT

This paper examines the historical context of the African-American Women in the United States workplace and their under-representation in the Information Technology (IT) field in particular. America can no longer afford to alienate its citizens. African-American women in particular with the right encouragement and access to opportunity can do their part to help America compete on the world stage. It further explores how a lucrative career in IT can be mutually beneficial to African-American Women and American corporations. IT expertise is increasingly required in a cross-section of industries. The questions posed are what training and education are required to enter IT. What barriers persist: real and perceived? Moreover, how does one navigate these barriers in order to become successful in the Information Technology field? It further explores Entrepreneurship as an option to advance in the Information Technology field, bypassing the traditional corporate hurdles.

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the historical context of the African-American Women in the United States workplace and their under-representation in the Information Technology (IT) field in particular. America can no longer afford to alienate its citizens. African-American women in particular with the right encouragement and access to opportunity can do their part to help America compete on the world stage. It further explores how a lucrative career in IT can be mutually beneficial to African-American Women and American corporations. IT expertise is increasingly required in a cross-section of industries. The questions posed are what training and education are required to enter IT. What barriers persist: real and perceived? Moreover, how does one navigate these barriers in order to become successful in the Information Technology field? It further explores Entrepreneurship as an option to advance in the Information Technology field, bypassing the traditional corporate hurdles.

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Published by: lorita_watson on Jan 22, 2012
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08/27/2013

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Race, Class, and Gender in the Information Age:The Lack of African-American Women in the Technology Field
Lorita Denise WatsonMaster of Science in Management and Systems New York UniversityDepartment of ManagementJuly, 2004Advisor:Professor Guldem Gokce
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Figures………………………………………………………….. ivTable of Tables …………………………………………………………... vAbstract………………………………………………………………….….vi1.0 Introduction.12.0 Comparison of Workforce …………………………………………….52.1- Workforce Distribution in the Past ………………………………….52.2- Workforce Distribution Today ……….…………………………102.3- Comparison of Past and Today ……………………………………263.0- Globalization ……………………………………………………293.1- Offshore Outsourcing383.2- Increase Your Value, or at Least Prove it443.3- Governments Role453.3.1- America’s Investment……………………………………453.3.2- Policy & Legislation……………………………………..473.3.3- Whos Outsourcing?..503.3.4-H1B & L1 Visa Controversy……………………513.3.5-Defending American Jobs- Protectionism ……533.3.6-The Comparative Advantage…………………………543.4-Impact of Globalization on the IT Workforce563.4.1 -Opponents …………………………………………….583.4.2 -Security Hazards.603.4.3 -Proponents.603.4.4 -The Cost of Offshoring.623.5- Unchartered Territory……………………………………634.0- Growing the IT Industry……………………………………………………..654.1-Enhancing America’s Infrastructure……………………………..674.1.1- Education ……………………………………724.1.2 - Transportation ……………………………………734.1.3 -Criminal Justice ……………………………………754.1.3.1 Homeland Security……………………784.1.4 Department of Defense…804.1.5 Health-care 815.0- Training & Education Opportunities……………………………………845.1-Managing an IT Career875.1.1-Educational Programs……895.1.2- Women Resources905.1.3-Minorities Resources915.1.4- Professional and Trade Associations………………926.0 -Entrepreneurship977.0-Conclusion.1027.1-Summary… …1037.2-Originality Section………………………………..1087.3- Contribution to Knowledge……………………………… 109
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(Continued TABLE OF CONTENTS)
7.4- Scope for Future Research Topic ……………………………………1107.4.1 Limitations of the Study……………………………………..112Endnotes ……………………………………………………………… ….114Bibliography …………………………………………………………. 117Appendix AScientist & Engineers, Race/ Ethnicity………………….. 122Appendix BEmployment by IT Occupation.124Appendix C Average Annual Wages per worker…………………..125Appendix D Wages by IT Occupation126Appendix E IT Related Occupations.127Appendix F IT Training 130Appendix G IT Manufacturing and IT Services Industry Employment …132Appendix H African-American Career Tip Sheet …………………..133Appendix IIdentifying and Assessing Needs 138Appendix J Career Resources ………………………………………..140
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