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Renal Phys

Renal Phys

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Published by ramadan

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Published by: ramadan on Jan 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/03/2012

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Renal physiologyRenal physiology
Dr. Ramadan Mohamed Ahmed.Dr. Ramadan Mohamed Ahmed.
Eslam.anes@yahoo.comEslam.anes@yahoo.com
 
2
C
hief Functions of Renal System
C
hief Functions of Renal System
1.Regulation of water & electrolyte balance2.Regulation of acid & base balance3.Excretion of waste products of protein metabolism, e.g.,
     
U
rea from protein breakdown
     
U
ric acid from nucleic acid breakdown
     
C
reatinine from muscle creatine breakdown
     
End products of hemoglobin breakdown4.Excretion of foreign chemicals, e.g., drugs, food additives,pesticides, «etc.5.Endocrine function: erythropoietin, renin, 1,25-dihydoxy-vitaminD.
 
3
F
UNCTION
 AL A
N
 A
TO
MY
O
F K
I
D
N
EYS &F
UNCTION
 AL A
N
 A
TO
MY
O
F K
I
D
N
EYS &
U
R
IN
 ARY
RA
CT U
R
IN
 ARY
RA
CT 
 
he kidneys lie high on the posterior abdominal wall below thediaphragm & on either side of the vertebral column.
I
n adults each kidney is the size of a clenched fist & weighs ~150 g.
U
rine produced by the kidneys is delivered to the urinary bladderby 2 ureters.
he bladder continuouslyaccumulates urine and periodicallyempties its contents via urethraunder the control of an externalurethral sphincter ²a processknown as micturition.

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