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Revelation and religious pluralism in the theologies of John Macquarrie and Karl Rahner by J Bryson Arthur

Revelation and religious pluralism in the theologies of John Macquarrie and Karl Rahner by J Bryson Arthur

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This thesis is a study into the foundational elements of the theologies of John Macquarrie and (in comparison and contrast) Karl Rahner, in respect of their differing concepts of the Self-Revelation of God, in the context of their particular validations of the authenticity of the religious pluralism of World Religions. Both Theologians are, in essence, ontological and anthropocentric in respect of their methodology and largely concerned with the immanence of God in the beings of creation (principally human beings). The contrast arises in respect of the particular method of theological development. Macquarrie's concern is with the phenomenology of Holy Being as present and manifest in the particular existential symbols of divergent cultures, whereas Rahner's concern is wholly epistemological in respect of the 'universal logos'; and therefore his development is along metaphysical lines. The basis of Macquarrie's religious pluralism lies in a synthesis of ontological unity and cultural diversity; symbolic and psychological. Holy Being (God) reveals itself to different cultural groups through the essential, existential symbols of the particular cultures. The principle of unity is the universality of Being and the admissible principle of diversity appears in terms of the different symbols. The different symbols themselves, then, including the hermeneutic in respect of them, results necessarily in religious pluralism. The basis of Rahner's religious pluralism lies in his understanding that the human constitution includes a pre-concept of all being, including the Being of God; and a supernatural element whereby all men are necessarily epistemically oriented towards God. As with Thomas Aquinas knowledge and Being are equated therefore Rahner's whole theology is grounded in a universal epistemology of both an ordinary and a supra-ordinary nature. These factors give rise to Rahner's doctrine of 'Anonymous Christianity' through which all men are implicit Christians, and other religions are, to some degree, perversions of Christianity.
This thesis is a study into the foundational elements of the theologies of John Macquarrie and (in comparison and contrast) Karl Rahner, in respect of their differing concepts of the Self-Revelation of God, in the context of their particular validations of the authenticity of the religious pluralism of World Religions. Both Theologians are, in essence, ontological and anthropocentric in respect of their methodology and largely concerned with the immanence of God in the beings of creation (principally human beings). The contrast arises in respect of the particular method of theological development. Macquarrie's concern is with the phenomenology of Holy Being as present and manifest in the particular existential symbols of divergent cultures, whereas Rahner's concern is wholly epistemological in respect of the 'universal logos'; and therefore his development is along metaphysical lines. The basis of Macquarrie's religious pluralism lies in a synthesis of ontological unity and cultural diversity; symbolic and psychological. Holy Being (God) reveals itself to different cultural groups through the essential, existential symbols of the particular cultures. The principle of unity is the universality of Being and the admissible principle of diversity appears in terms of the different symbols. The different symbols themselves, then, including the hermeneutic in respect of them, results necessarily in religious pluralism. The basis of Rahner's religious pluralism lies in his understanding that the human constitution includes a pre-concept of all being, including the Being of God; and a supernatural element whereby all men are necessarily epistemically oriented towards God. As with Thomas Aquinas knowledge and Being are equated therefore Rahner's whole theology is grounded in a universal epistemology of both an ordinary and a supra-ordinary nature. These factors give rise to Rahner's doctrine of 'Anonymous Christianity' through which all men are implicit Christians, and other religions are, to some degree, perversions of Christianity.

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Published by: Duane Alexander Miller Botero on Feb 24, 2012
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Glasgow Theses Servicehttp://theses.gla.ac.uk/  theses@gla.ac.uk 
Arthur, James Bryson (1994)
 Revelation and religious pluralism in thetheologies of John Macquarrie and Karl Rahner.
 PhD thesishttp://theses.gla.ac.uk/3194/  Copyright and moral rights for this thesis are retained by the authorA copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research orstudy, without prior permission or chargeThis thesis cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without firstobtaining permission in writing from the AuthorThe content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in anyformat or medium without the formal permission of the AuthorWhen referring to this work, full bibliographic details including theauthor, title, awarding institution and date of the thesis must be given
 
REVELATIONAND
RELIGIOUS
PLURALISM
IN
THE THEOLOGIES
OFJOHN
MACQUARRIE AND
KARL RAHNER
by
JAMES BRYSON ARTHUR
BD
APRIL
1994
A thesis submitted for thedegree
of
Ph.D to theUniversity
of
Glasgow, Department
of
Theology and Church History
©
1.
Bryson Arthur 1994
 
DEDICATION
This work is dedicatedto the memory
of
my
wife Mary
Who
died
of
Cancer on the 17th
of
October
1992.
It
is certain that without her loving support
and
provision this work wouldnever have been accomplished.
And
in honour
of
my
parents
David
and
Marthawhose love faileth never

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