IntroductionDate FM 3-22.10 1-
A sniper must either possess a working knowledge or be able to learn the following:
Ammunition types and capabilities.
Adjustment of optical devices.
Radio operation and procedures.
Observation and adjustment of mortar and artillery fire.
Military intelligence collection and reports.
Identification of threat uniforms and equipment.
The sniper must know the field and feel comfortable spending long periods there. An extensivebackground in the outdoors and a vast knowledge of natural outdoor occurrences will help aid him in thetimely and efficient execution of many of his tasks.
The commander must ensure that the candidate—
Is at least a private first class.
Is Active duty, Army National Guard, or Army Reserve.
Has a good performance record.
Has a minimum GT score of 110, nonwaiverable.
Earned at least 70 points on each event during the Army Physical Fitness Test.
Has no history of alcohol or drug abuse.
Has no record of disciplinary action.
Has volunteered for sniper school.
Has vision correctable to at least 20/20 and passes red/green color vision test.
Is an expert marksman with the M16-/M4-series weapon.
Meets a minimum retainability of one year upon graduation date.
Meets the height and weight standards in accordance with (IAW) AR 600-9.
Is in career management field (CMF) 11-series, 18-series, or 19D.
Upon graduation from the USASS, the sniper will return to the unit highly skilled in fieldcraft andmarksmanship and capable of—
Providing precision fires on selected targets from concealed positions from 100 to 800 meters.
Engaging moving targets from 100 to 600 meters during daylight hours.
Engaging moving targets from 100 to 400 meters during hours of limited visibility.
Engaging targets with the long range sniper rifle (LRSR) from 100 to 2000 meters.
Accurately reporting battlefield information in sketch, sniper log, range card, or digital formats.
Conducting tactical movement while under direct observation in woodland and urbanenvironments.
Detecting targets and recalling pertinent target characteristics.
Performing all tasks in this manual.