1Center for American Progress | The State of Gay and Transgender Communities of Color in 2012
The State of Gay and TransgenderCommunities of Color in 2012
The economic, educational, and health insecurities thesecommunities are struggling with and how we can help them
Melissa Dunn and Aisha Moodie-Mills April 2012
Tree years aer he Grea Recession, he Unied Saes is seeing a recovering economy and a growing job marke. Congress has passed Wall Sree reorms, and aordablehealh insurance is beneing millions o Americans. Despie his progress, however,communiies o colorhroughou he Unied Saes sill ace economic challenges andewer opporuniies han heir whie counerpars. Americans o color are less likely o be homeowners, o hold seady employmen, or o have healh insurance. Even as heeconomy recovers, hese communiies are sill being le behind.Tese issues are exacerbaed or gay and ransgender people o color, who bear he brun o he dispariies experienced by boh he gay communiy and communiies o color.
For example, a recenrepor by CAP’s FIRE Iniiaiveound ha he combinedexposure o anigay and/or aniransgender policies, along wih insiuionalized racialdiscriminaion, derails black gay and ransgender Americans’ nancial sabiliy, creaes barriers o accessing qualiy healh care, and erodes saeguards or gay and ransgenderamilies. Tis is also rue or oher gay and ransgender communiies o color.Consequenly, gay and ransgender people o color ace high raes o unemploymenor underemploymen, overall lower raes o pay, higher raes o povery, and a greaerlikelihood o being uninsured. Te youh in hese communiies also experience lowereducaional atainmen and higher raes o homelessness han heir peers.Unwelcoming school climaes, employmen discriminaion, and oudaed amily poli-cies—which bar gay and ransgender parens rom having legal relaionships o heirchildren and limi heir access o saey ne programs, amily ax credis, and healhinsurance—perpeuae hese negaive oucomes.Federal policies ha address hese problems and ha level he playing eld or gay andransgender Americans will help ackle hese dispariies and eliminae he sysemic ani-gay bias ha hwars he abiliy o gay and ransgender communiies o color o hrive.