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Law of the Sea (Complete)[1]

Law of the Sea (Complete)[1]

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Published by AffNeg.Com

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 21, 2008
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LMDIT 2008LOS Updates
LOS
Uniqueness: Won’t Pass………………………………………………………………...3-4Uniqueness: Will Pass…………………………………………………………………….5Bush Supports LOS……………………………………………………………………….6LOS Good: Territory……………………………………………………………………...7LOS Good: Heg…………………………………………………………………………...8LOS Good: Energy Sources……………………………………………………………….9LOS Good: Armed Conflict……………………………………………………………...10LOS Good: Ecosystem…………………………………………………………………...11LOS Good: Terrorism……………………………………………………………………12LOS Good: Oil…………………………………………………………………………...13LOS Amazing……………………………………………………………………………14Brink Now………………………………………………………………………………..15LOS Bad China…………………………………………………………………………..16LOS Bad Heg…………………………………………………………………………….17LOS Bad Ineffective……………………………………………………………………..18LOS Bad Terrorism………………………………………………………………………19LOS Terrible……………………………………………………………………………..20LOS Bad: Russia Disad………………………………………………………………21-23LOS Bad: Russia Disad Extensions………………………………………………….24-25Tensions………………………………………………………………………………….26 No Tensions…………………………………………………………………………..27-29US in Arctic……………………………………………………………………………...30Canada in Arctic…………………………………………………………………………31Canada……………………………………………………………………………………32Random…………………………………………………………………………………..33
LARS OF THE SEA
1
 
LMDIT 2008LOS Updates
Uniqueness: Won’t Pass
LOS won’t pass now and faces opposition from conservatives
Kralev, 08
[
 Nicholas, May 13 2008, The Washington Times, U.S. pursues Arctic claim; Spending millions on research, but hasnot OK'd Law of Sea treaty]
The U.N. Convention
on the Law of the Sea has long divided U.S. conservatives
.About 155 nations have ratified the pact, and the treaty enjoys strong support from theU.S. military, as well as leading business, legal and environmental lobbies. But
intenseopposition from conservative groups who fear the pact infringes on U.S. sovereigntyhas defeated a number of ratification drives in the Senate.
 
The Bush administrationhas disputes with its fellow Republicans
in Congress as well. Its hands are tied when itcomes to making any claims to the U.N. commission until the Senate ratifies the Law of the Sea accord. Ms. McMurray said the
issue has become "very partisan" and,"looking at the calendar" with a shortened congressional session because of thepresidential election, Senate ratification this year is a very long shot.
Despite Bushes claims, Republicans will block LOS from Passing
Sands, February 18
 
<Derek, writer for Inside Energy with Federal Lands,
Inside Energy with Federal Lands
,“New sea maps could bolster US claim to oil, gas in disputed Arctic region”, February 18, 2008, lexis>
2
 
LMDIT 2008LOS Updates
The Bush administration has called on the Senate to ratify the treaty, which theSenate Foreign Relations Committee passed last year. But a handful of Republican lawmakers have vowed to block it from passing the full Senate, saying it would undermine US sovereignty.
LOS won’t pass. Encoraches on American Sovereignty.
The Gazette, February 29
 
<Peter O’Neil, Canwest News Service,
The Gazette (Montreal)
, “Border greedcould result in armed conflict, analyst warns; 'The U.S. should not underestimate Canadian passions on this issue'”,February 29, 2008, Lexis>
The U.S.
has consistently rejected Canada's claim of right of control over the NorthwestPassage. It
has also refused to ratify the United Nations Law of the Sea becausethe Senate views the treaty as an encroachment on American sovereignty. 
Borgerson said the
American government's status outside the treaty restricts itsability to assert its own territorial claims off the Alaskan coast.
He also asserted thatthe U.S. needs, as a first step, to strike an accord with Canada on regulating vessel and tanker traffic in the north
.
Uniqueness: Won’t Pass
LOS faces opposition from conservative groups
The Washington Times
,
May 13, 20
08
 
Tuesday, U.S. pursues Arctic claim; Spendingmillions on research, but has not OK'd Law of Sea treaty, By Nicholas Kralev, THEWASHINGTON TIMES, WORLD; BRIEFING: THE AMERICAS; A15To file a claim, however, a country must be a party to the Law of the Sea treaty, and the UnitedStates is not. President Clinton signed the treaty in 1994, and President Bush supportsratification, but fierce conservative opposition to the U.N. pact has blocked Senate approval,where a two-thirds majority is needed. The U.N. Convention on the
 
Law of the Sea has
long divided U.S. conservatives. About 155 nations have ratified the pact, and the treaty enjoysstrong support from the U.S. military, as well as leading business, legal and environmentallobbies. But
intense opposition from conservative groups who fear the pactinfringes on U.S. sovereignty has defeated a number of ratification drivesin the Senate. 
One-time Republican presidential hopeful Mike Huckabee, a former governor of Arkansas, made a point of his opposition to the treaty during his campaign. PresumptiveRepublican nominee Sen. John McCain supported the pact in the past, but has recentlysuggested he would seek changes in the treaty.
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