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ICBM Inertial Guidance System Theory 1959 (Unclassified)

ICBM Inertial Guidance System Theory 1959 (Unclassified)

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Published by c126358
Everything you ever wanted to know about ICBM INS theory!
Everything you ever wanted to know about ICBM INS theory!

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Published by: c126358 on May 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2013

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COORDINATIONSHEE:r
r
-,..J
TO
J.
e.
Turner,09-07..
NO.
sros-a-oos
;
-
)
,;
._,FILE:1.02
FROM.
E.
E.
Gee/t.
E.
Privette(""~_.~\-
'1
)r.EMNO,
"-,,',<'
'I.'"'
GROUPINDEX
SystemTest
Operations
Support~Group
<;':>
C._)'
DATE
llovamber
13,1959
,{,\O~
SUBJECT
GuidanoeSystems/'
(..'i;"v'~"\~
MODEL
MM
C:;V
C;
r
THEORYOFOPERATION
&
MECHANIZATION
FTHE
TYPICAL
IBERTIALOUIIYtNCESYSTEM
GENERAL
TheICBMmissileisa
aurrace
to
surfaoe,
longrange,ballistic
missile,designed
for
alovcircularprobableerror.Toachievethisgoa.l,ahighlyaccurateGuidancesystemmust
be
1.lB8l1.
It
is
the
purposeof
this
documentto
outlinethehigh
points.iftheoperation
and
mechanizationofthistypeofGuidanoesystem.
THIDRYOFOPERATION
Theflightofa
ballist'1c
missileis
oha.ra.cterized
by
aninitialpoweredportionanda
final
free-fallofballisticportionthatfollo~s
atrajectorypassingthrougb
the
target.For
example,
between
anytwo
points
in
space,
pawer
cutoff
end
target,
the~is
an
infinite
number
ofpossibleballistic
trajectories
eachhavingadifferenttime
offlight.Tominimizetheguidanceco~putationand
establish
adesirable
flight
time,a
total.
time
of
f
'ght
fromlaunchtoimpact
is
.fixedatapredeterminedvalue.
The
imp&ct
areaiseJ.sodeterminedbeforelaunch.
The
propulsionsystemsmustbe.OB.:pa.bleof
providing
the
Re-entryVehicle(R/V
wi
tb
aveloei
ty
the.
t
rillberequiredforafree-falltrajeotorytothe
target.
Theve
1001
ty
having
thenecessaryremai.J::dng
tia1e
to
target
&9Bacia
tedwith
it,
required
at
.u::r
instant
tomakegood
a.
free-fall
trajectory
passingthroughthetargetis
te:t"'llledthe
corxelatedvelooity
(To).
The
guidance
ayetammustthereforecontrolthrust
direotion
during
flight,
and
sensemissileveloei
ty
(Tm)
comparing
it
wi
th
(V
0)'
Thedi.fferenoebetweenVoandVistermed
Velocityto
begained
(V.)
orVa-V-V
0
AstheVgreacheszero
the
Gui~ce
system
must
outoffthe
miBBilfs
enginesa~
tbaf
precUe
point
andreleasetheR/Von
its
.freefalltrajectorytothetarget.
ec.
G.R.
Chambers,
04-61
Mo
E.Phares,
09-08
o.
w.
Cla.rk,
Florida
A.
R.Phillips,
09-08
Matt
Connel,
36-41
J.
A.
Redmond,
09-09
G.
T.Drake
ley,
09-83
J.
Sheppard,
45-13
R.
A.
Jaeger,
09-07
w.
G.
Strahm,
09-01
0)
F.
5.
Ilfelder,
.09-09
P.
D.
Toft,
09-07
R.
L..
Peeler,~
09-01
B.
J.
\1e:rner,
43-02E.
Q.
Foster,
09-01
B.
G.
Greer,
09-07
Ao
Martin,
09-07
\-J
T.
lfulcahey,
09-01
lAC14!4.A.-11
2·7000
 
Toillustratetheabovetheory,
the
folloving
figure
is
presented,
'\~rd
stagsCUt-of'f
lie
SElpa
tionofl;hB
R/V
\Min.FuelTrjeotory
~
FigureI.
From
Figure
1,
the
minimum
fueltrajeotoryisimpractioal
for
tvo
reasonsl
a.Beoauseof1
ts
weightandaerodynamicinsta.bili
ty,
the
misBile
must
be
launohed
vertically.
Itvouldthen
haveto
bepitched
overimmediately
toaohievetbedesired
flight
angle.
Thill
wouldrequirethegeneration
ofalarge
&n6leof
attaok(aouteangle
between
missile
thrustand
valooi
ty
veotors)
whiohwould
reeul
t
in
serious
bandingand
e1de-
loadingoftheairframeandprobablyreducetbe
vertica.l
oomponentof
thrust
to
8.
value
smallerthnnthatrequired
toovercome
gravity.
bo
Themissileliould
remain
intheappreoiable
8.
tmospbere
for
alonger
period
oftime,
Wl.d
thllSgeneratehigh
velooi
ty
atLova,1
ti
tudee.
Thiswouldcauseexoossiveskin
heatingo
Bothoftheeeeffects
could
be
eliminated1£
the
missile
were
to
asoend
verti-
oallyout
ofthe
appreoiable
atmospbere,
but
suah
aflight
path
'IoIouldrequire
exoe,esivefuel
oonsumption..A
oompromislbeMan
thetvooasesisfollowedin
determiningthe
aotual
trajectory
as
shown
in
Figure
1.
Pitch
Pro
/::...-~IAunohPo1nt
/.__.L~
-Az1muthAlignment
Vertical
Lift-otf
BTOB-2-009
Fil
I
1.'02NovemberI;,
1959
Page2
-Aotual
Trajeotory
NOTE
I
Not
to
scale
 
\
S'roS-2-009
File,1.02
November
1"1959
Page
:3
Folioving
is
an
illustration
of
theballistioequationsinvolved
in
suebaflightafter3rdstageengine
out-otfl
,.
FigureII.
Sinoea
body
under
the
force
of
granty
(g)
I
fallsadistanoe1/2
gil
during
a.ny
time
(T)the
altitude
(A)
of
that
body
may
be
written
ae
follows.
A-
V'r
Sin
:B-
1/2
grf?-
Equation
#1
The
range
of
the
body
at
any
time
(T)
may
be
expressed
ae
.fa1lowe
J
R-VTCoeB
Eq,uation
#2
The,
range
at
thetimewhenthebodyreturnstotbedatum
plane
is
thenthealtitude
A-0ruudtherange
equation
may
bewritten
&8
tollowe.
VSinB-1/2gT
@A-O
Equation
#"
Equation
#4
2VSinB
g
V2Sin2]3
g
by
substitutingEqua-Equation
#5
tion
114
into
Equation
f/!l
R-
~I
The
equationslistedabovenegleot
the
faotthattheearthis
rotating,henoe,
range
andaz.imuth
adjustmentshaveto
be
madepriorto
the
tree-
fallportionofflight.Theeffectofearth
rotation
onaballistiomissiletakesplaoeintwo
formsr
So
Centrifugal
Force
Centrifugal
foroe
is
the
foroe
impartedtoamissile
ontheearths'surface
by
therotationoftheea.rth.Th.1sforoeMetheeffeotsofreduoing
the
effeot
ofgravity
(exceptatnorthpole)andestablishesanewdireotionoftheeffective
gravitationalfOrce.

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