Medieval Castle ArchitectureThe Architecture of Medieval castles were ambitious - state of the artcastles of the Middle Ages. The medieval era is also referred to as theMiddle ages and we have spanned this period of time from the NormanInvasion of 1066 to the Tudor dynasty of the Renaissance which ended in1603. Medieval architecture ranged from the Romanesque Architecturestyle of the Normans - the Motte and Bailey design castles to the massiveNorman Stone Castles with their towering stone Keeps. The Romanesquestyle of Medieval Architecture moved on to the Edwardian Concentriccastles used by the Plantagenet English King Edward I and then the moreslender and pointed style of the Gothic Medieval Architecture.Medieval Castle ArchitectureThe changes in Medieval Architecture were made in response to:
Social and cultural changes during the Medieval era
Changing needs of the population
Changes in technology, in terms of the building tools, which wereavailable
New building techniques, construction methods and ideas for newstyles of Medieval Castle architecture
Symbolic reasons and designs in the style of architecture orpractical reasons for the new locations of castles
The desire for more comfort in the castle InteriorsThe History of Medieval Castle ArchitectureThe History of Medieval Castle Architecture dates back to the Normans.This was an exciting time in Medieval European history. Many Englishand European Medieval Knights had travelled to the Holy Land onCrusades. The knights had seen the magnificent solid fortresses of theByzantine Empire and these massive buildings influenced andrevolutionised Medieval castle building ideas, engineering andarchitecture. The wooden Medieval Motte and Bailey castles moved on tothe Norman stone castles and on to the massive Medieval concentriccastles of Edward I. The new Gothic Style of Medieval architecture anddecoration emerged in France. It was initially called "The French Style".The views expressed during the Renaissance period of history, followingthe Medieval era, led to a different name for the style of architecture -Gothic. Appalled at the abandonment of classical Romanesque lines andproportion Medieval Architecture was derisively called "Gothic". Thistitle alluded to the Barbaric Goths, or Visigoths, who, led by their leaderAlaric sacked Rome in 410AD which ultimately led to the fall of theRoman Empire.