words, the diameter of the Sun is over 100 times thediameter of the Earth.hMassThe mass of the Sun is about 2 x 10
kilograms (2 followedby 30 zeros). It is one of the larger stars in our Milky Waygalaxy. The median size of stars in our galaxy is less thanhalf the mass of the Sun. In comparison, the Earth is 6 x 10
kg. This means that the mass of the Sun is over 300,000times greater than that of the Earth.
The Sun is 149,600,000 km (92 million miles) from the Earth.Since the speed of light is 303,000 km/sec (186,000miles/second), it takes the light slightly over 8 minutes toget from the Sun to the Earth.The distance of the Sun to the Earth is called anAstronomical Unit (AU) and is sometimes used to denotelarge distances that are less than a light year.
The Sun consists of about 70% Hydrogen, 28% Helium and2% of metals such as iron. Other characteristics are itsrotation, temperature, and radiation.
The Sun rotates on its axis, which is approximately thesame axis that most of the planets revolved around the Sun.Since the Sun is primarily very hot gas, the surface at the