or many o their needs, not the least o which is providing rich harvests to eed bil-lions o people on Earth each day. The ocean is also a key source o organisms thatare beginning to yield new and potent drugs or the treatment o human disease, aswell as new products or use in biotechnology. Unortunately, the ocean can also harbordisease-causing agents. Ocean research oers promising new ways to predict diseaseoutbreaks and to help reduce the risks associated with waterborne diseases. By pursuingthe medical promises hidden within the ocean, while also managing the dangers to humanhealth ound in this new rontier, ocean scientists can make a major contribution to improv-ing human health in the twenty-rst century and beyond.