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Performance Based Design of EBF

Performance Based Design of EBF

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Published by Maldi Kokalari

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Published by: Maldi Kokalari on Jun 22, 2012
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09/13/2013

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March 2005
PERFORMANCE
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BASED SEISMIC DESIGNOF EBF USING TARGET DRIFT ANDYIELD MECHANISMAS PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
 
byShih-Ho ChaoSubhash C. Goel
A report on research sponsored by theAmerican Institute of Steel Construction Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringThe University of MichiganAnn Arbor, MI 48109-2125
 
 ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The authors gratefully acknowledge partial financial support provided by the American Instituteof Steel Construction for this study. The senior author also received a stipend from the G. S.Agarwal Fellowship Fund at the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering whileworking on this project. The opinions and views expressed in the report are solely those of theauthors and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsors.
 
 iii
PERFORMANCE-BASED SEISMIC DESIGN OF EBFUSING TARGET DRIFT AND YIELD MECHANISMAS PERFORMANCE CRITERIAEXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Eccentric braced steel frames (EBFs) are very efficient structures for resisting earthquakes asthey combine the ductility of that is characteristic of moment frames and the stiffness associatedwith braced frames. In the EBFs inelastic activity is confined to a small length of the floor beamswhich yields mostly in shear (therefore called the shear link). Capacity design approach isfollowed in an attempt to limit the inelastic activity to the shear links only while all other framemembers are designed to behave elastically. Research work carried out during the seventies andeighties led to the formulation of design code provisions. However, current design practicegenerally follows elastic analysis procedures in proportioning the frame members. Therefore, itis possible that yielding in the shear links may not be uniformly distributed along the height of the structure and may be concentrated in a few floors causing excessive inelastic deformations atthose levels.In this study a new design procedure based on energy and plastic design concepts is applied toEBFs. The design approach was originally developed and successfully applied to steel momentframes. The procedure begins by selecting a desired yield mechanism for the structure. Thedesign base shear and lateral forces are determined from input spectral energy for a given hazardlevel needed to push the structure in the yielded state up to a selected target drift. The framemembers are then designed by following the plastic design method in order to develop the

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