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Lms

Lms

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Published by Kofi Akosa Dexter

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Published by: Kofi Akosa Dexter on Jun 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/25/2012

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Problem:
Managing land and water resources has become anincreasingly difficult and challenging task. Federal landand water resource managers face many new legislativerequirements; inputs from increasingly sophisticated andoften conflicting interest groups; and demands toaccurately predict and evaluate the costs, benefits,options, and potential short term, long term, andcumulative consequences of any proposed managementaction. In particular, the Department of Defense’s(DOD’s) Civil Works and military land managementchallenges encourage the development of integratedmodeling/decision support technologies capable of predicting impacts of anthropogenic activities, includingevaluation of alternative management decisions. DOD’sland management challenges include the need to:Integrate multiple uses of land and water resourcesSustain mission use of training and testing ranges, navaland airspace operationsClean and rehabilitate contaminated sitesRestore aquatic and upland ecosystemsManage noise propagationPartner with stakeholders in ecosystem and watershedplanning and managementEvaluate proposed activities on wetlands (permitting)Manage coastal zone, watershed, and riverine resourcesConduct dredging operationsAssess chemical and biological threats and risk pathwaysManage the nation’s waterway in response to watersupply, flood control, and navigationRespond to floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, and otheremergenciesThese challenges are multi-disciplinary in nature and, inmany cases, represent concerns applicable to theDepartments of Interior, Energy, and Agriculture, theEnvironmental Protection Agency, and other agencies.Current and emerging technologies offer manycapabilities to help managers address these difficultdemands. These technologies include geographicinformation systems (GIS), remote sensing, landscapeprocess modeling and simulation, group collaborativeforums and conferencing, expert systems, multi-dimensional visualization tools, decision support systems,and web-based data mining tools. Yet, these systemshave only limited linkage with ecological modeling anddecision support tools, and they lack the fullinteroperability needed to support the DOD landmanagement decisionmakers. Thus, while there is greatpotential for these technologies to help land and waterresource managers, they currently are disconnected piecesthat need to be blended together into an integratedframework to achieve their highest productivity.
Building Linkages Between Software Capabilities,Land Analysis, and Management Applications
3-DVisualizationData MiningGroupCollaborativeForumsRemoteSensorsLandscapeModels andSimulationsVideoDecisionSupportToolsGISAdvancedComputingResourcesIn-situSensorsWaterControlLandCarryingCapacityDredgeMaterialsMgmtWatershedMgmtScenarioBasedPlanningMobilityAnalysisTerrainAnalysisEcosystemMgmtEmergencyMgmtLand UsageScheduling& MgmtRiskAssessmentForest &RangelandMgmt
Land Management System
 
Land Management System
Bringing Together Tools for Managing our Land and Water Resources 
REV 11/24/99 
 
Land Management System
 
Land Management System
Solution:
The Land Management System (LMS) is an effort of theU.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) EngineeringResearch and Development Center (ERDC) to design,develop, support, and apply an integrated capability formodeling and decision support technologies relevant toDOD (and other agency) management of lands, seas, andairspace. The concept for LMS is derived from extensiveexperience of the USACE laboratories in providingnumerical models and decision support systems to landand water resource managers at military (Tri-Service)installations, and Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works,Districts, and Divisions.
Integrated Computational Framework
The first objective of LMS is to provide an integratedcomputational framework that brings together relevantscience and technology to DOD land managers in a morecomplete and responsive manner. The framework involves focusing, shaping, and integrating existingscience and technology (S&T) investments towardscommon approaches and objectives, and designing anevolutionary and scalable computational environment thataccommodates computer-based technologies emergingfrom these S&T investments.LMS is not a new funding line or program. Rather, itis a strategy to extend the value of existing diverseinvestments across the DOD by identifying clear paths forproduct development, avoiding duplicate investments indelivery systems, and strengthening the teaming betweenscientists and managers. LMS development represents aprocess for accomplishing these objectives, and a productthat delivers iterations of the results of this process tousers ranging from managers to range specialists toresearchers.
Leverage Military and Civil Works Technology
The second objective of the LMS development is tomaximize synergism between military and Army CivilWorks technology initiatives. The USACE researchlaboratories serve decisionmakers at military Tri-Serviceinstallation facilities and Army Civil Works land andwater resources projects. These different usercommunities operate from different appropriations, reportthrough different chains, and serve different nationalneeds. Although specific mission uses differ widelybetween these projects/installations, their specificresource management concerns are remarkably similar.
Improve Delivery of Technology
The third objective of LMS is to improve the timelinessand effectiveness of technology delivery into landmanagement business processes. Investments intechnology have traditionally experienced a time lagbetween problem identification in the user communitiesinfusion of new solutions that effectively address theseproblems. Creating a common computational framework for land management decisionmaking that is applicableacross differing user communities within DOD, willstreamline and focus technology delivery by:Creating a common, single point-of-entry from whichDOD resource managers can access the key technologiesneeded for land management and decision support;Developing a set of protocols for model-to-modellinkage, and model-to-data connectivity, so that newtechnology investments in modeling and simulation, basicscience, and information technology will seamlessly meshwith new data collection, assimilation, and managementactivities at the installation level; and,Establishing a technology base that, by design, willgrow naturally as marketplace technology advancements(such as in GIS, networking, visualization) occur.
Approach:
Development of the LMS involves five main components:1) develop rules/protocols for interactions between tools,2) catalog computational tools,3) build a web-based integrating framework forcomputer-based land management tools,4) expand and link capabilities of existing tools andsystems, and5) conduct LMS Field Applications.
ProtectedspecieshabitatMissionusageimpactserosionLand cover changeSedimenttransportWaterquality
Develop Rules/Protocols forInteractions Between Tools
Page 2 
 
Approach (cont’d):
The LMS Protocols provide common procedures for linkingexisting computer-based tools and for developing new tools.The catalog provides a reference for tool seekers, advice ontool usage, advice on data suitability and tool combinations,and an interface to tool seekers and builders in otherorganizations. This catalog provides “metadata” aboutcurrent and emerging tools and can be accessed through theLMS website
Benefits:
LMS is designed to improve the capabilities andeffectiveness of the DOD in both land and water resourcemanagement. The Corps of Engineers technology programsannually design and develop dozens of new tools anddatabases for land and water resource management.Traditionally these capabilities have been implemented insupport of separate mission areas and designed as “standalone.” By bringing all of these tools and databases togetherin a linked and interactive framework, LMS developers areproviding the ingredients necessary for improvedunderstanding and management of human activities on thelandscape.Within the framework provided by LMS, duplicatedevelopment of land management tools will be reduced. Adevelopment environment providing access to andinformation about all relevant tools and models for landmanagement will be provided. This will combine the verybest available both within the Corps and from users decidingto take advantage of the LMS approach. User access to andinformation about the tools and models will be facilitated bythe catalog and model advisor. Finally, softwaredevelopment and maintenance costs will be reduced due to acommon software framework using a consistent interfaceand providing linkages to relevant data and models.
On-lineCatalog
Models andDecisionSupportSystems
Catalog Computational ToolsBuild a Web-based IntegratingFramework forComputer-based LandManagement ToolsExpand and Link Capabilities ofExisting Tools and Systems
Web-enabledData SetsMulti-PlatformModeling&SimulationWeb-basedUserEnvironmentCollaborative FunctionsDecisionSupportLegacySystemsPresentationof Results
Land Management System
 
Land Management System
Page 3 
Watershed Modeling System (WMS)Integrated Dynamic LandscapeAnalysis and Modeling System (IDLAMS)

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