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VL10c-bt bai tap vat ly 10 (dinh luat bao toan)

VL10c-bt bai tap vat ly 10 (dinh luat bao toan)

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Published by Túc Tắc Vô Ngã

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Published by: Túc Tắc Vô Ngã on Jan 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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B\u01b0u ki\u1ec7n n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e1t h\u00e0nh l\u1ea1i l\u00ean G\u00f3c Ri\u00eang Tr\u00ean B\u00e0n l\u00fac 2:55:38 CH 08/01/2009
BT10 \u2013 Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 4: C\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt b\u1ea3o to\u00e0n (CB v\u00e0 NC)
Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ee5c
G\u00f3c Ri\u00eang Tr\u00ean B\u00e0n
Ph\u1ea7n 1
C\u01a1 h\u1ecdc
10C
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng4
C\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt b\u1ea3o to\u00e0n
10C-BT
D\u1ea1ng b\u00e0i
M\u00f4 t\u1ea3
M\u1ee9c \u0111\u1ed9
S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng
10C-BT 1.1T\u00ednh \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng
B\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u
10C-BT 1.2Va ch\u1ea1m
B\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u
10C-BT 1.3T\u00ean l\u1eeda \u2013 Chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng ph\u1ea3n l\u1ef1c
B\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u
10C-BT 1.4Xung l\u1ef1c \u2013 Xung l\u01b0\u1ee3ng
B\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u
10C-BT 1.5Chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng kh\u00e1c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng
N\u00e2ng cao
10C-BT 1.6Chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0111\u1ed1i
N\u00e2ng cao
T\u1ea3i to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 b\u00e0i t\u1eadp t\u1ea1i \u0111\u00e2y:http://www .scri bd.com/doc/9890363/VL10cbt -bai-tap-vat-ly-
10-dinh-luat-bao-toan
10C-BT 1.1: T\u00ednh \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7
1.
M\u1ed9t xe \u00f4t\u00f4 c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 3T \u0111ang chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 36 km/h.
\u0110\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a xe l\u00e0 bao nhi\u00eau?
\u0110S: 30000 kgm/s
2.
M\u1ed9t xe \u00f4t\u00f4 c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 2T \u0111ang chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 60 km/h, m\u1ed9t
xe kh\u00e1c c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng g\u1ea5p \u0111\u00f4i ph\u1ea3i chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c bao nhi\u00eau \u0111\u1ec3
c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u1eb1ng v\u1edbi xe ban \u0111\u1ea7u?
\u0110S: 30km/h
3.

Hai v\u1eadt c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m1 = 1,5 kg v\u00e0 m2 = 4 kg chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi c\u00e1c v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v1 = 3 m/s v\u00e0 v2 = 2 m/s. T\u00ecm t\u1ed5ng \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng (ph\u01b0\u01a1ng, chi\u1ec1u, \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn) c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7 trong c\u00e1c tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p sau:

a. v1 v\u00e0 v2 c\u00f9ng h\u01b0\u1edbng
b. v1 v\u00e0 v2 c\u00f9ng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng, ng\u01b0\u1ee3c chi\u1ec1u
c. v1 v\u00e0 v2 vu\u00f4ng g\u00f3c.
\u0110S: a. 12,5 kgm/s; b. 2,5 kgm/s; c. 9,2 kgm/s
4.

5. 6. 7.

10C-BT 1.2: Va ch\u1ea1m
1.
M\u1ed9t toa xe c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m1 = 3,5 T ch\u1ea1y v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v1 = 5 m/s \u0111\u1ebfn va
ch\u1ea1m v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t toa xe \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m2 = 5 T. Toa xe n\u00e0y chuy\u1ec3n
\u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v2 = 3,6 m/s. Toa xe th\u1ee9nh\u1ea5t chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o
sau va ch\u1ea1m?
\u0110S: 1 m/s
2.
Hai vi\u00ean bi c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m1 = 5 kg v\u00e0 m2 = 8 kg, chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng ng\u01b0\u1ee3c
chi\u1ec1u nhau tr\u00ean c\u00f9ng m\u1ed9t qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o th\u1eb3ng v\u00e0 va ch\u1ea1m v\u00e0o nhau. B\u1ecf qua ma
s\u00e1t gi\u1eefa vi\u00ean bi v\u00e0 m\u1eb7t ph\u1eb3ng. V\u1eadnt\u1ed1cc\u1ee7a bi 1 l\u00e0 3 m/s.
a. Sau va ch\u1ea1m, c\u1ea3 2 vi\u00ean bi \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean. T\u00ecm v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c bi 2 tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi
va ch\u1ea1m.
b. Gi\u1ea3 s\u1eed sau va ch\u1ea1m bi 2 \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean c\u00f2n bi 1 chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng ng\u01b0\u1ee3c l\u1ea1i
v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v1\u2019 = 3 m/s. T\u00ednh v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c bi 2 tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi va ch\u1ea1m.
\u0110S: a.
3.
M\u1ed9t xe ch\u1edf c\u00e1t kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 38 kg \u0111ang ch\u1ea1y tr\u00ean \u0111\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u1eb1m ngang
kh\u00f4ng ma s\u00e1t v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 1 m/s. M\u1ed9t v\u1eadt nh\u1ecfk h\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 2 kg bay ngang v\u1edbi
v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 7 m/s (\u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi m\u1eb7t \u0111\u1ea5t) \u0111\u1ebfn chui v\u00e0o c\u00e1t v\u00e0 n\u1eb1m y\u00ean trong \u0111\u00f3. Sau
\u0111\u00f3, xe chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o trong hai tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p:
a. V\u1eadt bay ng\u01b0\u1ee3c chi\u1ec1u xe ch\u1ea1y.
b. V\u1eadt bay c\u00f9ng chi\u1ec1u xe ch\u1ea1y.
\u0110S: a. v = 0,6 m/s; b. v = 1,3 m/s

4. 5. 6. 7.

10C-BT 1.3: T\u00ean l\u1eeda\u2013 chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng ph\u1ea3n l\u1ef1c
1.
M\u1ed9t t\u00ean l\u1eeda c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1ed5ng c\u1ed9ng 100 t\u1ea5n \u0111ang bay v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 200
m/s \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi Tr\u00e1i \u0110\u1ea5t th\u00ec ph\u1ee5t ra (t\u1ee9c th\u1eddi) 20 t\u1ea5n khi v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 500 m/s.
T\u00ednh v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c c\u1ee7a t\u00ean l\u1eeda sau khi ph\u1ee5t kh\u00ed trong 2 tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p:
a.Kh\u00ed ph\u1ee5t ra tr\u01b0\u1edbc.
b.Kh\u00ed ph\u1ee5t ra sau.
2.
M\u1ed9t t\u00e0u con thoi n\u1eb7ng t\u1ed5ng c\u1ed9ng 300 t\u1ea5n mang theo m\u1ed9t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng nhi\u00ean li\u1ec7u
l\u00e0 100 t\u1ea5n \u0111\u1eb7t \u1edf 2 bu\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng nhau.

a. Khi kh\u1edfi \u0111\u1ed9ng, t\u00e0u con thoi \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y bu\u1ed3ng nhi\u00ean li\u1ec7u th\u1ee9 nh\u1ea5t v\u00e0 ph\u1ee5t kh\u00ed ra ngo\u00e0i v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 100 m/s. Khi \u0111\u00f3, t\u00e0u s\u1ebd chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c bao nhi\u00eau?

b.\u0110\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ed9 cao n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3, t\u00e0u ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1t bu\u1ed3ng th\u1ee9 hai. Sau \u0111\u00f3
v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c t\u00e0u t\u0103ng l\u00ean 1,5 l\u1ea7n. H\u1ecfi kh\u00ed ph\u1ee5t ra v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c l\u00e0 bao
nhi\u00eau?
3.
C\u00f3 m\u1ed9t b\u1ec7 ph\u00e1o kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 10 t\u1ea5n c\u00f3 th\u1ec3chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng tr\u00ean \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ray
n\u1eb1m ngang kh\u00f4ng ma s\u00e1t. Tr\u00ean b\u1ec7 c\u00f3 g\u1eafn m\u1ed9t kh\u1ea9u ph\u00e1o kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 5 t\u1ea5n.
Gi\u1ea3i s\u1eed kh\u1ea9u ph\u00e1o ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t vi\u00ean \u0111\u1ea1n kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 100 kg v\u00e0 nh\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ea1n theo
ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ngang v\u1edbiv\u1eadn t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ea7u n\u00f2ng 500 m/s. X\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c c\u1ee7ab\u1ec7 ph\u00e1o

ngay sau khi b\u1eafn, trong c\u00e1c tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p:
a.L\u00fac \u0111\u1ea7u h\u1ec7 \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean
b.Tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi b\u1eafn, b\u1ec7 ph\u00e1o chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 18 km/h theo chi\u1ec1u

b\u1eafn.
4.
M\u1ed9t nh\u00e0 du h\u00e0nh v\u0169 tr\u1ee5 c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1ed5ng c\u1ed9ng 100 kg \u0111ang \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean
trong v\u0169 tr\u1ee5. B\u1ed9ph\u1eadn n\u00e9n kh\u00ed ph\u1ee5t ra l\u01b0\u1ee3ng kh\u00ed 1 g v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 50 m/s. H\u1ecfi
nh\u00e0 du h\u00e0nh v\u0169 tr\u1ee5s\u1ebdt h\u1ee5t l\u00f9i v\u1edbiv\u1eadn t\u1ed1c bao nhi\u00eau?
5.
10C-BT 1.4: L\u1ef1c\u2013 xung l\u1ef1c
1.
M\u1ed9t xe t\u1ea3i c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 4 T ch\u1ea1y v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 36 km/h. N\u1ebfu xe d\u1eebng l\u1ea1i
5s sau khi \u0111\u1ea1p phanh th\u00ec ph\u1ea3i h\u00e3m b\u1eb1ng bao nhi\u00eau? (l\u00e0m b\u1eb1ng c\u1ea3 2 c\u00e1ch)
2.
M\u1ed9t qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u r\u1eafn c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 0,15 kg chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v
=6 m/s tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t ph\u1eb3ng n\u1eb1m ngang. Sau khi va v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t v\u00e1ch c\u1ee9ng, n\u00f3 b\u1ecbb\u1eadt
tr\u1edf ra v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v\u2019 = 5 m/s. H\u1ecfi \u0111\u1ed9 bi\u1ebfn thi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u sau
va ch\u1ea1m l\u00e0 bao nhi\u00eau? T\u00ecm xung l\u1ef1c (h\u01b0\u1edbng v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn) c\u1ee7a v\u00e1ch t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng
l\u00ean qu\u1ea3c\u1ea7un\u1ebfu th\u1eddi gian va ch\u1ea1m l\u00e0 0,03 s.
3.
T\u00ednh l\u1ef1c \u0111\u1ea9y trung b\u00ecnh c\u1ee7a h\u01a1i thu\u1ed1c s\u00fang l\u00ean \u0111\u1ea7u \u0111\u1ea1n \u1edf trong n\u00f2ng
m\u1ed9t s\u00fang tr\u01b0\u1eddng b\u1ed9 binh, bi\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng \u0111\u1ea7u \u0111\u1ea1n c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 10 g, chuy\u1ec3n
\u0111\u1ed9ng trong n\u00f2ng s\u00fang n\u1eb1m ngang trong kho\u1ea3ng 10-3 s, v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ea7u b\u1eb1ng 0,
v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c r\u1eddi kh\u1ecfi n\u00f2ng l\u00e0 v = 865 m/s.
\u0110S: 8650 N
4.
Qu\u1ea3 b\u00f3ng kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 450 g chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 16 m/s \u0111\u1ebfn

\u0111\u1eadp v\u00e0o t\u01b0\u1eddng r\u1ed3i b\u1eadt ra tr\u1edfl\u1ea1i v\u1edbi c\u00f9ng v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v, h\u01b0\u1edbng v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c c\u1ee7a b\u00f3ng tr\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 sau va ch\u1ea1m tu\u00e2n theo quy lu\u1eadt ph\u1ea3n x\u1ea1 g\u01b0\u01a1ng. T\u00ednh \u0111\u1ed9l\u1edbn \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a b\u00f3ng tr\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 sau va ch\u1ea1m; v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9bi\u1ebfn thi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a b\u00f3ng n\u1ebfu b\u00f3ng \u0111\u1eadp v\u00e0o t\u01b0\u1eddng d\u01b0\u1edbi g\u00f3c t\u1edbib\u1eb1ng:

a. 00.
b. 600.

Suy ra l\u1ef1c trung b\u00ecnh t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng l\u00ean b\u00f3ng n\u1ebfu th\u1eddi gian va ch\u1ea1m l\u00e0 0,035 s.
5.
6.

10C-BT 1.5: Chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng kh\u00e1c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng
1.
M\u1ed9t vi\u00ean \u0111\u1ea1n c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 2 kg khi bay \u0111\u1ebfn \u0111i\u1ec3m cao nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a qu\u1ef9
\u0111\u1ea1o parabol v\u1edbiv\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v = 200 m/s th\u00ec n\u1ed5 th\u00e0nh 2 m\u1ea3nh.
a. V\u1eadn t\u1ed1c c\u1ee7a v\u1eadt l\u00fac n\u1ed5 theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0o?
b. M\u1ea3nh 1 c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m1 = 1,5 kg v\u0103ng th\u1eb3ng \u0111\u1ee9ng xu\u1ed1ng d\u01b0\u1edbi v\u1edbi
v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v1 c\u0169ng b\u1eb1ng 200 m/s. H\u1ecfi m\u1ea3nh th\u1ee9 2 v\u0103ng theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng
n\u00e0o, v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c bao nhi\u00eau?
2.
M\u1ed9t vi\u00ean \u0111\u1ea1n \u0111ang bay v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ngang th\u00ec \u0111\u1ed9t nhi\u00ean n\u1ed5
th\u00e0nh 2 m\u1ea3nh b\u1eb1ng nhau. M\u1ea3nh th\u1ee9 1 bay theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u1eb3ng \u0111\u1ee9ng xu\u1ed1ng
d\u01b0\u1edbiv\u1edbiv\u1eadn t\u1ed1cg\u1ea5p \u0111\u00f4i ban \u0111\u1ea7u. M\u1ea3nh th\u1ee9 hai chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o?
3.

M\u1ed9t vi\u00ean \u0111\u1ea1n kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 0,8 kg \u0111ang bay ngang v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 12,5 m/s \u1edf \u0111\u1ed9 cao h = 20 m th\u00ec v\u1ee1 ra l\u00e0m 2 m\u1ea3nh. M\u1ea3nh th\u1ee9 nh\u1ea5t c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m1 = 0,5 kg, ngay sau khi n\u1ed5 bay th\u1eb3ng \u0111\u1ee9ng xu\u1ed1ng d\u01b0\u1edbi v\u00e0 ngay khi ch\u1ea1m

\u0111\u1ea5t c\u00f3 v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c 49 m/s. T\u00ecm \u0111\u1ed9l\u1edbn v\u00e0 h\u01b0\u1edbng v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c c\u1ee7a m\u1ea3nh th\u1ee9 hai ngay

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