Wednesday, June 11, 2008
In commercial, organizational and technical terms, a self-contained unit inan R/3 System with separate master records and its own set of tables.
: The smallest organizational unit of Financial Accounting forwhich a complete self-contained set of accounts can be drawn up for purposes of external reporting.
An organizational unit of financial accounting that represents aseparate area of operations or responsibilities within an organization and to whichvalue changes recorded in Financial Accounting can be allocated.
A portrayal of an enterprise's hierarchy. Logical enterprisestructure, including the organizational units required to manage the SAP Systemsuch as plant or cost center.Social enterprise structure, description of the way in which an enterprise isorganized, in divisions or user departments.The HR application componentportrays the social structure of an enterprise
fiscal year variant:
A variant defining the relationship between the calendar andfiscal year. The fiscal year variant specifies the number of periods and specialperiods in a fiscal year and how the SAP System is to determine the assignedposting periods.
A period of usually 12 months, for which the company producesfinancial statements and takes inventory.
Annual displacement/Year shift:
For the individual posting periods variousentries may be necessary. For example, in the first six periods the fiscal year andcalendar year may coincide, whereas for the remaining periods there may be adisplacement of +1.
Chart of Accounts:
Systematically organized list of all the G/L account masterrecords that are required in a company codes. The COA contains the accountnumber, the account name and control information for G/L account masterrecord.
Financial statement version:
A hierarchical positioning of G/L accounts. Thispositioning can be based on specific legal requirements for creating financialstatements. It can also be a self-defined order.
An object that attributes that determine the creation of masterrecords. The account group determines: The data that is relevant for the masterrecord A number range from which numbers are selected for the master records.
Field status group:
Field status groups control the additional accountassignments and other fields that can be posted at the line item level for a G/Laccount.