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Anthony Amunategui Abad Ateneo de Manila University School of Law 2nd semester, SY 2009-2010 (Section 2-B) Monday: 12:00 nn – 2:00 p.m.
A. ► Relevant Sources International - Statutes of Hague Convention Conference on Private International Law - Convention on the Jurisdiction of the Selected Forum in the Case of International Sales of Goods, April 15, 1958 - Convention on the Settlement of the Conflicts between the Law of Nationality and the Law of Domicile, June 15, 1955 - Convention on the Recognition of the Legal Personality of Foreign Companies, Associations and Institutions, June 1, 1956 - Convention on the Choice of Court Agreements, June 30, 2005 Protocol on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations, November 23, 2007 Domestic - Constitution (Art. IV and Art. V, Section 1) - Family Code (Articles 10, 21, 26, 35, 36, 37, 38, 80, 96, 184, and 187) - Civil Code (Articles 14, 15, 16, 17, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, 829, 1039, 1319, and 1753) - Penal Code (Article 2) - Corporation Code (Section 133 – Doing Business Without License) - Rules of Court (Rule 14 and 39, Section 48, Rule 131, Section 3 (n), 132, Section 25) Materials - Philippine Conflict of Laws (Edgardo Paras, 1996) - Handbook on Conflict of Laws (Alicia V. Sempio-Diy, 2004) - Conflict of Laws, Cases, Materials and Comments (Jorge R. Coquia & Elizabeth Aguiling-Pangalangan, 2000) - Conflict of Laws (Private International Law) (Ruben Agpalo, 2004) - Bar Review Materials and Supreme Court Cases related to Conflict of Laws - Online sources
I. 1. Introduction Scope of Conflict of Laws a. Definition of Conflict of Laws b. Elements for the Application of Conflict of Laws - Conflict of Laws is part of Municipal law - Directive to Courts and/or Administrative Agencies - Foreign Elements - Application or non-application of a Foreign Law/s c. Functions of Conflict of Laws d. Significance / Importance of Conflict of Laws e. Identifying issues of Conflict of Laws History of Conflict of Laws a. Origin b. Modern Views/ Developments
S. (2007) Raytheon International v. Sheman. 2. 2000). 220 (December 16. Court of Appeals. 187 SCRA 797 (1990) Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corp vs. 162894. Distinguish b.S 190 Laurel vs.. 375 U. 783 (March 20. Inc vs. 311 (1964) International Shoe Co.R. CA. Jones. Assumption of Jurisdiction i. 1984) Keeton vs. Quisumbing. Definition b. Inc. Jurisdiction Over the Res d. 1987) 4. Superior Court.S. 326 U. 154 U.S. CA. Babcock. No.S 102 (February 24. Benguet Consolidated Mining Co 342 U. Doctrine of Forum Non-Conveniens b.R. No.S.. 210 SCRA 256 (1992) National Rental vs. 538 SCRA 26. Investment v. vs.3. 71 SCRA 621 (1976) Saudi Arabian Airlines vs. 413 96 (1952) McGee vs. Double Renvoi vs. vs. 343 SCRA 1 PhilSec. Transmission Cases: Adong vs. (October 13. Co. 437.S.355 U. Washington. Renvoi i. Jurisdiction Over the Person c. 274 SCRA 102 (1997) Pioneer Concrete Philippines v. Woodson 444 U. Rouzie. Public International Law a. 1957) World-wide Volkswagen Corp. 1984) Asahi Metal Industry Co vs. Lex fori ii. Conflict of Laws in the Philippines Conflict of Laws vs.R. Szukhent et al. U. 524 SCRA 153 (2007) Laureano v. 43 Phil 43 Lim vs. 465 U. 465 U. 333 SCRA 13 (2000) Jurisdiction Category of Jurisdiction a. 546 SCRA 555 Manila Hotel Corp and Manila Hotel Int’l Ltd. Northwest Orient Lines. (February 26. Ct. - 2 . NLRC G. 770 (March 20. Guerrero’s Transport Services. 176 SCRA 331 (1989) International School Alliance of Educators vs. c. Stockton W. Application iii.S. Co vs. vs. Jr. 286 (1980) Calder vs.S. Sources Conflict of Laws under Common Law and Private International Law under Civil Law Cases: II. G. 342 SCRA 213 (2000) Santos III vs. Problem iv. Kitamura. Blayblock Transp. 480. CA. 310 (1945) Perkins vs. Hustler Magazine. et al. 2008). 297 SCRA 469 (1998) Northern P. 324 SCRA 414 (2000) Wild Valley v. Todaro. Jurisdiction Over the Subject Matter Ways to Deal with Conflict of Laws Cases a. 120077. Definition ii. Cheong Seng Gee. Collector 36 Phil 472 Hasegawa v. 1. Lex causae c. Garcia. Services. International Life Ins. Refusal to Assume Jurisdiction i. 72 S.
19 SCRA 45 (1967) Asian Merchant Bankers (M) Berhad. 1981) Gulf Oil vs. Civil Appeal No.. Richard Patterson.1996) Islamic Republic of Iran v. RGS (January 8. Woodson.. (October 26. 1996) Rush vs. 399 U. Court of Appeals G.S. 444 U. vs. 92 Phil. Jr. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. v. Sundstrand . 921 (1918) Carballo vs.S. Court of Appeals. 221 SCRA 15 (1993) William Gemperle vs. 37 Phil.K. Encarnacion.R.S. 308 of 1976. 1980 Schmidt vs. vs. Ingenieuburo Birkhahn + Nolte. (May 3. 714 (1878) International Shoe Co. Docket No. et al. 310 (1945) Mullane vs. 201 (1965) Fleumer vs. Ltd. 433 U. Court of Appeals. New York Insurance Company 45 F2d 426 (1940) Goodwine vs. 997 (1960) Proscilla C. G.C. Sauchuk. 454 U. 2001) Monegro vs. 969344. 2001) Regner vs. No.. Rptr.. 2003) Gulf Oil Corporation vs.. Singapore In re: Union Carbide Corporation Gas Plant Disaster in Bhopal. 2000) Erie Railroad Co. 1947) Travelers Health Assn. Shell Sekiyu Osaka Hatsubaisho and Fu Hing Oil Co. 58 S.S. No. 30 July 1990 Communications Materials and Design vs. 252 SCRA 259 (1996) Wing On Company vs. Logarta 537 SCRA 277 European Resources and Technologies. 304 U. 154830. 1188 (1938) K. 25 August 1994.S. Mijares et al. Pahlavi. Washington.R.. Helen Schenker. 524 SCRA 153 Bank of America NT & SA.. 1966) 3 . Tompkins. Singapore The “Rainbow Joy”. G. 330. Antonio D. Court of Appeal. Gilbert. 974 (1952) Santos vs. 95 U. vs.S. RayRay vs. Trustee. 102223. US 9th Circuit. Chae Kyung Lee G. 2007). Virginia. 444 US 320 (1980) Banco Español Filipino vs. Bohanan. 235 (December 8.S.. 643 (June 5. Hix. 99-15961. (March 31. vs.Ed. vs. 64.R..S. (August 22. 95-3452. 795 at 819 Sumitomo Bank Ltd v. 139325. India in December 1984. et al.R. 339 U. 2d 47 Cal. 610 (1930) Philippine Trust Co. 8311 (1967) Heine vs. et al vs. CA. 286. et al. No. U. 474 (1984) MacShannon v. Palanca. vs. Ct. No. 110263. Ingeniurgesellschaft mbh 435 SCRA 246 Piper Aircraft Co. King. Originating Summons No. Nos. 306 (1950) Shaffer vs. Richard B. No.R. Inc. Superior Court 63 Cal.S. CV-97-2223. Santiago Javier Ranada. (July 22. L-18176.G. Driscol. Court of Appeal – Civil Appeal No 116 of 2004. Singapore Kartika Ratna Thahir v. 62 NY 2d. Syyap 64 O.- - - - - - - - Bensuan Restaurant Corporation vs. (July 20. 2005 SGCA 36. 330 US 501 (1947) Lueck vs. 407 P. 1950) World-Wide Volkswagen Corp vs. Montesa. 14 January 1986 First Philippine International Bank vs. Decided: January 21. Reyno. 2005) Pioneer Concrete Philippines. vs.R. Rosa. NW 2d 365 (1957) Pennoyer vs. 120135. 1997) Compuserve Inc. G.S. 204 of 1992. 249 Minn 376 82. (April 12. 326 U. 186 (1977) Lazaro b. No. D. 54 Phil. Heitner. 82 L. (June 8. No. Neff. Hom. Inc vs.R. 106 Phil. High Court. Gilbert. (September 10. 817. vs. No. vs. Court of Appeals G. No. PT Pertambangan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Negara. Rockware Glass Ltd  A. Court of Appeals et al. Kartika Ratna Thahir & Ors and another matter. 501 (March 10. 90306-07. 9816846. 2d 481.C. U. Todaro G.
Benguet Consolidated.S. Sources of Problem of Characterization d. (November 30. 1968) United Airlines Inc. 107 L.E. No. G. (November 29. 1996. In. G. vs.R. 514 (1941) Caluag vs. 130 F. 06-1204 Islamic Republic of Iran v.S. 124110. D.. 82 Phil. Caver’s Principle c. Pahlavi. Attrill. 61594.R. vs. Central Bank of Jordan. et. Choice of Law 1. Theory of Vested Right c. 2d 816 (1990) In Re: Philippine National Bank v. U.S.R. Environmental Tectonics Corp. 1997) Kirkpatrick Inc.2d 549 (S. 465. Supp.C. 295 NY 2d. Banco National de Cuba.Ed. v. Int’l.Y. 493 U. et al. Theory of Justice 2. al. Bellis et al. Nankai Kogyo Co. 1967 4 . U. Roxas. Theory of Harmony of Laws e. Halderman. Ople.D. 422-423 (1968) (Saba Hassan El-Fadl vs. 62 NY 2d. Theory of Comity b. 8 (1948) Far East International Import and Export Corporation vs. Socialist Republic of Vietnam 134 F. The State-Interest Analysis d.Y. 238 SCRA 721.D. No.(September 28. Republic of the Philippines.R. 87-2976. No. 2003) Helen Liu v The Republic of China. 474 (1984) Credit Suisse v. 89 (1984) Lord Day & Lord v. (February 6. L-23678. Theories on the Application of Foreign Law a. Determination of Applicable Law a. Edward Belli. Court of Appeals G. United States District Court for the District of Hawaii. 892 F. Theories of Characterization c.. 1990) 190 SCRA 1990 Huntinghon vs.C. et al v Pimentel et al Supreme Court of the United States No. Steps in Characterization 4.S. G.N.Hino) 94-7212) - French vs.. Theory of Local Law d. 72 Phil. 400. German Rule of Elective Concurrence 3. Exception to the Application of Foreign Laws Cases: - - Tayag Renato vs.. (April 20. 2001) Cadalin vs. 2d 1047 (N. 774-775 (1994) Pakistan International Airlines vs. 657 (1892) Testate Estate of Amos G. 1962) - - III.3d at 1342 (9th Cir. LTD. No. Characterization of Conflicts Rules / Connecting Factors a. v. Pataki 798 N. MDL-00840-MLR Pennhurst State School and Hosp. v.. Inc. June 6. 23145. Pecson. 146 U. No. No. 04-71843. 2001) Saratoga Country Chamber of Commerce. No. Center of Gravity Doctrine / Grouping of Contracts b. L-13525. No. Definition b. Ninth Circuit. United States Court of Appeals.2d 1419 (1989) Idonah Perkins vs. POEA Administrator..
Filipinos or Mixed when Celebrated abroad and/or in the Philippines) ▪ Extrinsic Validity ▪ Property Relations b.R. Kinds of Capacity c. Divorce c. No. Paternity and Filiation Definition of Paternity and Filiation Conflict rules on Paternity and Filiation ▪ Status of Children ▪ Rights of Children ▪ Doctrine of Immutability of Status of Child 5 . Marriage Philippine Policy on Marriage ▪ Intrinsic Validity (Between Foreigners. 238 SCRA 721 (1994) IV. 254 NYS 2d 527. Theories on Personal Law i. 104235. Golden. G. Zalamea vs.. No. Definition of Status and Capacity b. Family Relations a. Court of G. Adoption Divorce distinguished from Annulment and Legal Separation Effect of Divorce Obtained by Filipinos Divorce Between Foreigners Divorce Between a Foreigner and a Filipina Definition and Purpose of Adoption Conflict rules on Adoption (Effect of Adoption. Domiciliary Theory Definition of Domicile Kinds Rules on Domicile Domicile distinguished from Residence Domicile of Juridical Person 2. NY 1964 Cadalin vs POEA Administrator. Court of Appeals and Transworld Airlines. Definition b. Nationality Theory Definition of Nationality and Citizenship Determination (Who are citizens of the Philippines?) Classification of Citizens in the Philippines Theory of effective nationality Procedure for Naturalization Lost of Philippine Citizenship Reacquisition of Citizenship Problem in the Application of Nationality Theory Nationality of Juridical Person ii. G. 2001 Asiavest Merchant Bankers vs.R. July 20. Recio. October 2. 1993 Garcia vs.- - Sps. Inc. 138322. No. 110263. General Theories in Status and Capacity a. November 18. 3.R. Characteristics of Status Personal Law a. Foreign Adoption and Philippine Law on Adoption with foreign element) d. Substantive Legal Areas 1. 2001 Intercontinental Hotels vs.
Succession and Administration of Estates a. Conflict Rules on the execution of a will Intrinsic Validity (National Law) Extrinsic Validity (Made by Filipinos or Foreigners abroad and/or in the Philippines) c. Definition of Wills and Administration of Estate b. Corporations and Other Juridical Entities a. Trademarks / Trade Name Definition of Trademark How ownership is acquired? Rights of Foreign Nationals under Philippine Law Infringement of Trademark b. Personal Law of Corporation Nationality of Corporation ▪ Grandfather Test ▪ Control Test ▪ Classification made under the Philippine Investment Law Domicile of Corporation c.4. 7. Conflict of rules on Property Immovables Movables c. Intellectual Property Rights a. 6. Definition of Corporation b. Essential Element of a Contract c. Definition of Foreign Corporations d. lex loci intentionis) Extrinsic Validity d. Lex loci or Lex loci rei sitae b. Applicable Law in Intra-Corporate disputes of a Foreign Corporation 6 . Conflict rules on Contracts Capacity of the parties Intrinsic Validity (Lex loci contractus. Definition of Contract b. Conflict Rules on the Administration of Estate Obligations and Contacts a. Exceptions Wills. Kinds of Foreign Corporations e. Patent Copyright Definition of Patent Rights of Foreigners with Respect to Patents Compulsory Licensing Definition of Copyright Terms of Protection Reciprocity and International Conventions c. lex loci voluntatis. Issues on Conflicts Contracts Cases Choice of Forum Clause Contracts with Arbitration Clause Adhesion Contracts Special Contracts Limitation on the Application of Conflict Rules on Contracts 5. Property a. 8.
FASGI Enterprises G. Jacobson. 1477 (1941). 541 Republic vs. Ch. 2001) Northwest Orient Airlines. 201 F. No.. 59 L. Lerma.2d 833 (NY Sup. 640 F. 110263..Ct. Bases Conditions and Requisites Before Foreign Judgment maybe Recognized Effect of Foreign Judgment Grounds for Non Recognition Oil and Natural Gas v. 81 n. Gingoyon. 3 (7th Cir.2d 77. Gray. 6 Q. 383 N. 1981) Querubin vs. No. G. 42 Phil. Bellis. vs. vs. Sup.Ct. 224 NY 99. Freeman.f. 241 SCRA 192. Ed. h. 1992) Bridgeway Corp. 61 S. Distinction b. Stentor Electric Manufacturing Co. (1967) (successions) V. Olsen & Co.Ed. (October 12. L. 139325. 172 SCRA 810 Scherk vs.S. 40 L. 179 (1939) Ramirez vs.R. 293 SCRA 96 (1998) Asiavest v.S. 137378. Ranada. 1918) Godard vs. 3. 481 SCRA 457 Velez vs.S. S. g. Citibank. Court of Appeals. Cases: - Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgment a. v. 94 S. 113.R. 2000) Siedler v. (April 12. Querubin.. Borthwick vs. 159 U. Court of Appeals. 585 N.S.S. (July 29. Tait. 16 S. 3d 134 (2d Cir. 361 SCRA 489 (2001) Mijares v.. 85 L. Hon. (1987) Koster vs. Inc. 95 (1895) Philippine Aluminum Wheels Inc. vs. 2000) Klaxon Co.417 U. 1995 Priscilla C. 487. 2449 41 L. Teconderoga Pulp & Paper Co. 1020. 2005) Bachchan v. 343 SCRA 637. CA.App.Y. 111 (July 12.219 N. CA. 4. Automark Industries. Cases: - Scope of Transacting or Doing Business (License Requirements) Doing Business without a License Rights of a Foreign Corporations Nazareno vs. Mijares et al. Inc. Foreign Judgment - 1. 2d 661 (N. 67 Phil.Y. 506. 2. Ct.G. 855 (1918) Nouvion vs.R.273 U.1976) Boudard vs.R.R. Guyot. Climax Mining Ltd.Y.J. 139 (1870) Hilton vs. vs. et al. 542 SCRA 1 (2008) Loucks vs. Standard Oil Company of New York. Ct. Gmur. No. De Vera.B.Y. 455 SCRA 397 (2005) Korea Technologies v. (2000) (property) Bellis vs. Alberto-Culver Co. CA. No. 284 (1927) Ingenohl vs.S. Court of Appeals G. Castro Bartolome. V.2d 270 (1974) Asiavest Merchant Bankers vs. 139. 152 SCRA 229. 512 SCRA 148 - - - 7 . India Abroad Publications Inc. L-3693. Ct. 496 SCRA 345 Gonzales vs. 337 (1889) Cowans. 313 U. Santiago Javier Ranada et al. (July 20. 1950) Philippine International Shipping vs. Ed. 20 SCRA 358.
Inc vs.- - EDI-Staffbuilders International. V. National Labor Commission 537 SCRA 409 Valenzuela vs.P Eusebio Construction Inc. People . 434 SCRA 202 8 .. 525 SCRA 306 Philippine Export and Foreign Loan Guarantee Corporation vs.
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