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THORNDIKE, LYNN. A History of Magic and Experimental Science,1923,1024p,T2

THORNDIKE, LYNN. A History of Magic and Experimental Science,1923,1024p,T2

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A
HISTORY OF MAGIC AND
EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE

VOLUME II

A

HISTORY OF MAGIC AND

EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE

DURING THE FIRST THIRTEEN
CENTURIES OF OUR ERA

BY LYNN THORNDIKE

VOLUME II

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PRESS

NEW YORK

Copyright 1923 Columbia University Press

First published by The Macmillan Company 1923

ISBN 0-231-08795-0

Manufactured in the United States of America

10 9 8 7

CONTENTS

BOOK IV. THE TWELFTH CENTURY

CHAPTER

PAGE

35. The Early Scholastics: Peter Abelard and Hugh
OF St. Victor

3

36. Adelard of Bath

14

37. William of Conches

50

38. Some Twelfth Century Translators, Chiefly of
Astrology from the Arabic

66

39. Bernard Silvester; Astrology and Geomancy

.

.

99

40. Saint Hildegard of Bingen

124

41. John of Salisbury

155

42. Daniel of Morley and Roger of Hereford .... 171

43. Alexander Neckam on the Natures of Things

.

.

188

44. Moses Maimonides

205

45. Hermetic Books in the Middle Ages

214

46. Kiranides

229

47. Prester John and the Marvels of India .... "Z^^d

48. The Pseudo-Aristotle

246

49. Solomon and the Ars Notoria

279

50. Ancient and Medieval Dream-Books

290

BOOK V. THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY

Foreword

305

51. Michael Scot

307

52. William of Auvergne

338

53. Thomas of Cantimpre

372

54. Bartholomew of England

401

55. Robert Grosseteste

436

56. Vincent of Beauvais

457

57. Early Thirteenth Century Medicine: Gilbert of
England and William of England

477

V

vi

CONTENTS

CHAPTER

PAGE

58. Petrus Hispanus

488

59. Albertus Magnus

517

I. Life

521

II. As a Scientist

528

III, His Allusions to Magic

548

IV. Marvelous Virtues in Nature

560

V. Attitude Toward Astrology

577

60. Thomas Aquinas

593

61. Roger Bacon

616

I. Life

619

11. Criticism of and Part in Medieval Learning .

630

III. Experimental Science

649

IV. Attitude Toward Magic and Astrology .

.

.

659

62. The Speculum Astronomiae

692

63. Three Treatises Ascribed to Albert

720

64. Experiments and Secrets: Medical and Biological .

751

65. Experiments AND Secrets: Chemical AND Magical .

777

66. PiCATRix

813

67. GUIDO BONATTI AND BARTHOLOMEW OF PaRMA

.

.

.

825

68. Arnald OF Villanova

841

69. Raymond Lull

862

70. Peter of Abano

874

71. Cecco d'Ascoli

948

72. Conclusion

969

Indices:

General

985

Bibliographical

1007

Manuscripts

.

.

. 1027

A

HISTORY OF MAGIC AND
EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE

VOLUME II

BOOK IV. THE TWELFTH CENTURY

Chapter 35.

"

37-

"

38.

"

39-

"

40.

"

41.

"

42.

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

The Early Scholastics :

Peter Abelard and

Hugh of St. Victor.

Adelard of Bath.

William of Conches.

Some Twelfth Century Translators, chiefly

of Astrology from the Arabic in Spain.

Bernard Silvester : Astrology and Geomancy.

St. Hildegard of Bingen.

John of Salisbury.

Daniel of Morley and Roger of Hereford ; or,

Astrology in England in the Second Half

of the Twelfth Century.

Alexander Neckam on the Natures of Things.

Moses Maimonides.

Hermetic Books in the Middle Ages.

Kiranides.

Prester John and the Marvels of India.

The Pseudo-Aristotle.

Solomon and the Ars Notoria.

Ancient and Medieval Dream-Books.

CHAPTER XXXV

THE EARLY SCHOLASTICS: PETER ABELARD AND HUGH OF

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