Basic Cisco Router Configuration Steps

This post is by no means an exhaustive tutorial about Cisco Routers and how to configure their numerous features. It is just a step-by-step guide for the most basic configuration needed to make the router operational. When you first power on a new Cisco Router, you have the option of using the “setup” utility which allows you to create a basic initial configuration. However, in this post I will show you how to do this basic setup with the Command Line Interface (CLI). Mastering the Cisco Router CLI is essential for more complex configuration tasks and it is the most important knowledge you should acquire if you want to become a Cisco network administrator. The basic CLI modes that we will be referring below are as following: Router> <– User EXEC Mode Router# <– Privileged EXEC mode Router(config)# <– Global Configuration Mode Router(config-if)# <– Interface Configuration Mode Router(config-line)# <– Line Configuration Mode I assume that you already have some basic knowledge of CLI and how to navigate between different configuration modes (user mode, privileged exec mode etc), so let’s get started:

Step1: Configure Access Passwords The first step is to secure your access to the router by configuring a global secret password and also passwords for Telnet or Console as needed. Enter into Global Configuration mode from the Privileged EXEC mode: Router# configure terminal <– Privileged EXEC mode Router(config)# <– Global Configuration Mode In Global Configuration Mode you configure parameters that affect the whole router device. Here we will configure the Enable Secret password that you will be using from now own to enter into Privileged EXEC Mode from User EXEC Mode. Router(config)# enable secret “somestrongpassword” From now on, when you log in from user EXEC mode you will be asked for a password. It is suggested also to configure a password for the Telnet Lines (VTY lines) which will secure your access when connecting via Telnet over the network. Router(config)# line vty 0 4 Router(config-line)# password “strongTelnetPass” Router(config-line)# login

255.100.255.10. My-Router(config)# ip route [destination network] [subnet mask] [gateway] My-Router(config)# ip route 200.1 255.100. .0 255.50. static routing is preferred over dynamic routing.200. you should configure a Hostname for your device.255.0.168.1 255.255.1 The default static route above instructs the router to send ALL packets that the router does not have a more specific route entry to gateway address 50.50.100.100.0 0.200.0 My-Router(config-if)# no shutdown My-Router(config-if)# exit Step4: Configure Routing (Static or Dynamic) The Router’s main purpose is to find the best route path towards a destination network and forward packets according to the best path.0.1 (which might be the ISP gateway address).Step2: Configure a Router Hostname To differentiate your Router from other devices in the network. For simple network topologies.50. From Global Configuration Mode you need to enter into Interface Configuration Mode: My-Router(config)# interface serial 1/1 My-Router(config-if)# ip address 100. Another popular static route that we usually configure on Internet Border routers is the default static route: My-Router(config)# ip route 0.255. Step3: Configure IP addresses for Router Interfaces This is an essential step in order for your router to be able to forward packets in the network.200. The administrator can assign static routes.100.255.200.252 My-Router(config-if)# no shutdown My-Router(config-if)# exit My-Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/1 My-Router(config-if)# ip address 192.0 50.100.0 100. or the router can learn routes by using a dynamic routing protocol.0.0.0/24 is reachable via gateway address 100.2 The command above tells the router that network 200. Router(config)# hostname My-Router My-Router(config)# Notice that your Router prompt changes to the new hostname that you have just set. There are two main ways a router knows where to send packets. Let’s see how to configure static routes from Global Configuration Mode. The most basic parameter for a Router Interface is the IP address.50.2.

My-Router(config)# exit My-Router# copy running-config startup-config You can display your current configuration to verify your settings as following: My-Router# show running-config . This will overwrite the startup configuration.Step5: Save your configuration Save your current running configuration into NVRAM.

Versatile. 3750. the Cisco switch needs some initial basic configuration in order to enable management. get into Global Configuration Mode: Switch# configure terminal Switch(config)# STEP2: Set up a hostname for the particular switch to distinguish it in the network Switch(config)# hostname access-switch1 access-switch1(config)# STEP3: Configure an administration password (enable secret password) access-switch1(config)# enable secret somestrongpass STEP4: Configure a password for Telnet access access-switch1(config)# line vty 0 15 access-switch1(config-line)# password strongtelnetpass access-switch1(config-line)# login access-switch1(config-line)# exit access-switch1(config)# . reliable. You will get into privileged mode (“Switch#”) Now. I don’t like graphical GUI or web management at all. so I will show you command line configuration which is much more powerful and makes the administrators learn what they are doing on the device. security and some other important features. 3560. the Cisco switch product line (such as the 2960. flexible and powerful. You will get the initial command prompt “Switch>” Type “enable” and hit enter. STEP1: Connect to the device via console Use a terminal emulation software such as PuTTY and connect to the console of the switch. the Cisco switches are the best in the market. 6500 etc) offer unparalleled performance and features.Basic Cisco Switch Configuration In my opinion. Although a Cisco switch is a much simpler network device compared with other devices (such as routers and firewalls for example). Unlike other lower class switch vendors (which are plug-and-play). many people have difficulties to configure a Cisco Catalyst Switch. 4500. In this article I will describe the basic steps needed to configure a Cisco switch from scratch.

NTP.200 255.1.1.1.0 access-switch1(config-if)# exit access-switch1(config)# STEP7: Assign default gateway to the switch access-switch1(config)# ip default-gateway 10.100 access-switch1(config-std-nacl)# permit 10.1. .255.255.101 access-switch1(config-std-nacl)# exit !Apply the access list to Telnet VTY Lines access-switch1(config)# line vty 0 15 access-switch1(config-line)# access-class TELNET-ACCESS in access-switch1(config-line)# exit access-switch1(config)# STEP6: Assign IP address to the switch for management !Management IP is assigned to Vlan 1 by default access-switch1(config)# interface vlan 1 access-switch1(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1. AAA etc) but those depend on the requirements of each particular network.STEP5: Define which IP addresses are allowed to access the switch via Telnet access-switch1(config)# ip access-list standard TELNET-ACCESS access-switch1(config-std-nacl)# permit 10. Of course there are more things you can configure (such as SNMP servers.254 STEP8: Disable unneeded ports on the switch ! This step is optional but enhances security ! Assume that we have a 48-port switch and we don’t need ports 25 to 48 access-switch1(config)# interface range fe 0/25-48 access-switch1(config-if-range)# shutdown access-switch1(config-if-range)# exit access-switch1(config)# STEP9: Save the configuration access-switch1(config)# wr The above are some steps that can be followed for basic set-up of a Cisco switch.1.1.