You are on page 1of 10

WritingPerformance Objectives

PerformanceObjective
Givenasetofstudentcompetenciesin yoursubject,developobservableand measurableperformanceobjectivesthat includecondition,taskandstandard. Theprojectwillbeevaluatedusingthe performanceevaluationyouwillbe givenontheassignmentsheet.

EnablingObjectives
Explainperformanceobjectives Explainwhyandhowinstructional objectivesareusedincareerand technicaleducation. Writeperformanceobjectives

I vegotasecret Ivegotasecret
Imtheteacher Iknowasecret,andyoudont.Iknow whattheclassisabout.Canyouguess? Really,Imnotquitesurewhatitis goingtobeaboutbecauseIdidntplan verythoroughly.Planningissuchhard work.Letsjustmuddlethroughclass withoutanyplanning.

DefinitionofInstructional Objectives
Aperformanceobjectiveisastatement ofabehavior.Aperformanceobjective isobservableandmeasurable.Itis overt(open)asopposedtocovert (hidden).Itdescribesclearlywhatthe studentisexpectedtodo.

RationaleforDeveloping Objectives
Toprovidedirectionforboththe studentandtheteacher.Itallowsboth theteacherandstudenttoknowwhere theyaregoingandatwhatpointthey reachedthedestination.

MoreRationaleforObjectives
Thelearnerandtheinstructorhavefirm criteriabywhichthelearnersprogress andlevelofcompetencymaybe assessedataspecificpointintime.

TwoKindsofInstructional Objectives
PerformanceObjective EnablingObjectives (moreontheseinalaterlesson)

PerformanceObjective
WhatthestudentisexpectedtoDOwhenthe instructioniscompleted (performance,getit?) Specifiestheconditionsunderwhichthetask istobeperformed Setstheminimumstandardtowhichthe studentmustperforminordertopass. Specificandcompletebutconcise. (picture)

PurposesofthePerformance Objective
Forcestheteachertodecidewhat he/sheexpectsofthestudentbefore startingthelesson. Tellsthestudentwhathe/sheis expectedtodoasaresultofthis lesson. Providesabasisfortheeventual evaluationofstudentperformance.

PerformanceObjective
Ateacherneedsaperformance objectivejustasabuilderneedsaclear visionofwhatthefinishedbuildingwill looklike.

ThePerformanceObjectiveis:
ObservableandMeasurablestatement of:
whatyouexpectthestudenttobeableto doasaresultofinstruction, howwellthestudentmustbeableto performthetask,and underwhatconditionsthestudentmust performthetask.

Observable
Youcanseethestudentdothetask. Itrequiressomekindofovert(open) actiononthepartofthestudent

Measurable
Youcantellwhenthestudenthas completedthetask. Youcancount,orweigh,orscore,orin someotherwaydeterminethe studentsperformance.

ThePerformanceObjective Consistsof:
Condition Task Standard

Condition
Circumstancesunderwhichthetaskwill beperformed. Thingsthestudentwillhavetowork with. Pointatwhichtheperformancewillbe EVALUATED. Thinkoftheconditionstatementasa listoftoolsthestudentwillhaveto workwith.

ConditionExamples:
Given143wire,asinglepoleswitch, receptaclebox,andhandtoolsasneeded, Ona50itemTrueFalseandMultipleChoice quiz. Givenasetof10plastercastsofwildlife tracks, Onapracticalexercise,given10 combinationsofmetalpieces, Inaclassdiscussion, Givenasetofparliamentaryproblemsand meetingparticipants,

ConditionNon Examples ConditionNonExamples


Afterinstruction, Givenpropermotivation, Afterseeingafilmonparliamentary procedure, Afteranexplanationonhowtowirea singlepoleswitch,

Task
Preciselywhatstudentisexpectedtodo Mustbeobservableandmeasurable Usesanactionverb
Examples:LIST,NAME,COUNT,BEND,FOLD, STAPLE,IDENTIFY,EXPLAIN,WRITE,BUILD, REPLACE,INSTALL,CHOOSE NonExamples:KNOW,APPRECIATE, UNDERSTAND,ENJOY,REALLYUNDERSTAND, APPRECIATEALOT

TaskExamples
Wireasinglepoleelectricalswitch Identifytracksofcommonwildlifein Virginia Selecttheproperelectrodeforwelding twopiecesofsteeltogether Calculatethevolumeofasolid Prepareawordprocessingfile Buildawindowdisplay

TaskNon Examples TaskNonExamples


Knowhowtowireasinglepoleelectricalswitch Knowverywellthetracksofwildlife Reallyunderstandhowelectrodesareselected Comprehendtheelectrictheoryofarcwelding Appreciatetheimportanceoftracksinidentifying wildlife Understandwhatwindowdisplaysshouldlooklike Thinkabouthowwordprocessingfilesaredone

Standard
HowwellthestudentmustperformtoPASS TheMINIMUMstandardforsuccess Mayinvolvetimeifspeediscritical Mayinvolvetolerancesifmeasurement accuracyiscritical Mayinvolvepercentagesifyouaretesting Mayinvolveaperformancechecklistifthe taskiscomplex

ExamplesofStandard Statements
SothatthewiringmeetsCoderequirements andtheswitchoperatesalightsafely Correctlylistingatleast5characteristicseach ofatleast5breeds Correctlyidentifyingatleast7ofthe10 species Selectingatleast8of10electrodescorrectly

ASamplePerformance Objective
Givenalivewiringboard,143wire,a selectionofswitches,andelectrical toolsasneeded,thestudentwill prepareandinstallsinglepole,3way, and4wayswitchestocode requirements,sothateachswitch properlyoperatesthelights.

AnotherSample
Onamultiplechoiceandshortanswer exam,thestudentwilldemonstratea knowledgeoftheprinciplesoffloral designwith70%accuracy.

AnotherExample
Givenalistoftopics,accessto referencematerials,andacomputer withawordprocessor,thestudentwill writeapaperthatis2to3pages, typed,anddoublespaced.Thepaper willscoreatleast70pointsona100 pointscaleasmeasuredbythe evaluationchecklistprovided.

Review
Theperformanceobjectiveisaconcise, measurable,observablestatementof whatyouexpectthestudenttobeable todoasaresultofinstruction.

MoreReview
Theperformanceobjectiveconsistsof3 parts:
Conditionwhatthestudentwillhavetowork withwhenthefinalevaluationtakesplace Taskexactlywhatthestudentwillhavetodoto demonstratecompetenceatthetimeofevaluation Standardhowwellthestudentmustperformthe taskinordertoPASStheevaluation

MoreLater
ButFirstaPracticalExercise

10