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TOK

Presentation

Presented by: Ashutosh Walia

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To what extent can circumstances alter one's beliefs and values?
RLS : Tyson Gay pulled out of tournament
for testing positive for a Banned substance
– Tyson Gay (born August 9, 1982) is an
American track and field sprinter who competes in
the 100 and 200 meters dash. His 100 m personal
best of 9.69 seconds is the American record and
makes him tied for the second fastest athlete ever.
– In July 2013 it was announced that Gay had tested
positive for a banned substance following which he
withdrew from consideration for the World
Championships in Moscow.
– He was banned for a year and the I.O.C stripped him
of all his medals which he won in the 2012 Summer
Olympics.

To what extent can circumstances alter one's beliefs and values?


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Decontextualizing the RLS
USA athletes were in the final
Reason of the 4x100 m relay at the
helped to Team was led by Tyson Gay Olympics
make
decision

Emotion;
Country’s Pride
Tyson believed he could Personal Rivalry
Used Performance beat Bolt
Tyson declared as tough
Enhancing drugs in order
competition to Usain
to beat Bolt
Belief and
Faith that he
It was not was better
ethical to win a
race like this
Deviation
from his Medals and Honor taken
values of away
being a Matter was investigated
sportsperson
and he got caught

Reason And
Evidence
provided with

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facts

To what extent can circumstances alter one's beliefs and values?


To what extent can
circumstances alter one’s beliefs
and values?

KNOWLEDGE QUESTION

To what extent can circumstances alter one's beliefs and values? 4


To what extent can circumstances alter one’s
beliefs and values?

Principles or
An acceptance that standards of
something exists or An event or fact that causes
behavior; one's
is true, especially or helps to cause something
judgement of
one without proof. to happen, typically
what is important
something undesirable
in life.

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Exploration #1
(SKQ)

To what extent do emotions provide a frame


work to our values?

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CLAIM
Emotions provide a framework to our values

For Example:
Darlie Routier Case - 1997

WOK : Emotion, Memory

AOK : Human Sciences - Psychology


Ethics

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Counter CLAIM
Our Values stay strong even under an outburst of emotions

Example:
26/11 Mumbai Attack - Ajmal
Kasab

WOK : Faith, Memory, Emotion

AOK : Religious Knowledge Systems, Human Sciences

To what extent can circumstances alter one's beliefs and values?


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Exploration #2
(SKQ)

To what extent can different interpretations


of beliefs and values influence human
behavior?

To what extent can circumstances alter one's beliefs and values?


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CLAI
Different “Beliefs” and “Values” influence
M
human behavior

Example:
Catholic Views on Abortion

WOK : Emotion, Faith, Reason

AOK : Natural Sciences, Religious Knowledge Systems,


Ethics

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Counter- CLAIM
Manipulation of values to suit one’s purpose can
be detrimental

Example:
Dengue Death
Controversy in
WOK : Faith
Fortis
AOK : Human Sciences – Business
Ethics
Natural Sciences

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Other Real Life Examples
The Milgram Experiment – Mahatma Gandhi who was influenced by the
Controlled environments make the subject circumstances of fellow Indians which made him alter
question his values and make him react in a his belief and change to non-violence and truth for the
different way than expected rest of his life.

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CONCLUSION

According to the RLS, it is evident that emotions provide a strong framework to our values but
manipulation of those values to suit one’s purpose may prove detrimental. It is also evident that
values may stay strong even after an outburst of emotion but what those values mean to someone
is totally based on his/her interpretation.

FLAWS

1) Tyson Gay may have been mentally instable to run the race without the drugs

2) Nobody knew his personal circumstances at the time of the race such as the fact
that his daughter was on the verge of dying or that he needed to win the race to
support his daughter’s medical costs.

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Bibliography

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/belief

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/circumstance

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/value

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