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G - The New Generation Coal-Fired Ships River Boyne - 1982 - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, Japan

G - The New Generation Coal-Fired Ships River Boyne - 1982 - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, Japan

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Published by CoalFiredShipTech
The "River Boyne" is the world's first automatically-controlled coal-fired ship of the new generation. She was built by Nagasaki Shipyard and Engine Works of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (MHI), for the Australian National Line (ANL), together with her sister ship "River Embley" at present under construction.

From the Third International Coal-Fired Ships Conference - London, UK - November 17-18, 1982

Discussion of shipbuilding techniques, coal and ash handling technology and the future of coal as a fuel for modern ships.
The "River Boyne" is the world's first automatically-controlled coal-fired ship of the new generation. She was built by Nagasaki Shipyard and Engine Works of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (MHI), for the Australian National Line (ANL), together with her sister ship "River Embley" at present under construction.

From the Third International Coal-Fired Ships Conference - London, UK - November 17-18, 1982

Discussion of shipbuilding techniques, coal and ash handling technology and the future of coal as a fuel for modern ships.

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Published by: CoalFiredShipTech on Aug 02, 2012
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05/13/2014

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THENEWGENERATIONCOAL-FIREDSHIPS"RIVERBOYNE".MinoruSakata
&
HiroshiKoga
MitsubishiHeavyIndustries
Ltd.,
Japan
THE
"RIVERBOYNE"
istheworld'sfirstautomatically-controlledcoal-firedshipofthenewgeneration.ShehasbeenbuiltbyNagasakiShipyard
&
EngineWorksof~.~itsubishiHeavyIndustriesLtd.(MHIl,fortheAustralianNationalLine(ANL),togetherwithhersistership
DRiverEmbley"
atpresentunderconstruction.TheshipwasdesignedtotransportbauxiteontheNortheastofAustralia,fromWeipatothealuminarefineryofQueenslandAluminaLtd.(QALl.inGladstone,anditadoptsmanynewideasdevelopedjointlybyANL,QAL,andMHIontheoptimumshipsize,mostmoderncoal-firingsystem,safetyatseaandcompleteengineautomation.Theconstructionofthe
"RiverBoyne"
progressedsmoothly,withlaunchingtakingplaceinApril1982andignitionofthecoal-firedboilerinMay1982,andaftercompletionofadjustmentworkandconfirmationtestsofequipmentonseatrials,theshipwasdeliveredonSeptember17th,1982onschedule.Althoughanoutlineoftheshiphasalreadybeenpresentedinthereportsmentionedinthereferencesonthelastpage,theactualdetaildesign,mainlyofcoal-firedsystems,isintroducedhereincludingtheresultofseatrials.BasicdesignTheroutebetweenWeipaandGladstoneonwhichtheshipwillrunismostlythecoastalareabetweentheGreatBarrierandtheseashore,wheretherearemanyshallowwatersandnarrowwaters.Theshipwasdesignedtohavethemaximumdeadweighttonnagetaking:intoaccounttheconditionsoftherouteandtherestrictionsimposedbyportfacilitiesuponlengthoverall,breadth,depthanddraught.Themainenginewasdesignedtodevelopanoutputlargeenoughtoproduceashipspeedrequiredbytheoperatingprogramme,allowingforthereducedspeedoperationwhichmay
be
DayOne-PaperNo.6
 
necessarybecausetheshiprunsinshallowwateronmostoftheroute.Asaresult,themainengineofthisshipislargerinoutputthanthatofaspecializedcarrierofthesamedeadweighttonnage.Asmainboilers,stoker-firedboilerswereadoptedasaresultofoverallevaluationofrelia-bility,safetyandmaintainability.TheshipisequippedwithtwoMitsubishi-CEV2M-9SboilersjointlydevelopedbyMHIandCombustionEngineering,IncoofU.S.A.'ThemainturbineisaMitsubishiMS-21-2turbineof19000PS.Theshipisprovidedwithtwoturbo-generatorsof1850kWeach,oneforordinaryuseandtheotherforstandby,andone700kWdieselgeneratorforemergencyuse.Theshipisthefirstcoal-firedshipintheworldtobeassignedthenotationUMSofLloyd'sRegisterofShipping,andalloperationsfromcoalfeedingtoashdisposalaswellasboilercornbus-:tioncontrolwillbeautomatedorremotecontrolledinaccordancewiththeClassificationSociety'sguidancenoteforthecoal-firedship.Forboilercontrol,MitsubishiCoalMACCSisused,whichiselectronicboilercontrolequip-mentTheequipmentperformsautomaticcombustioncontrolfunctionsofcontrollingcoalfeedquantityandcombustionairquantity,andalsoautomaticallycontrolsthethicknessofcoallayeronthegratebyregulatingthespeedofthetravellinggrate.Itisgenerallysaidthathullvibrationisgreaterwhenashipisrunninginshallowwaters.TheownerandMHIexaminedtherelationbetweenwaterdepthandvibrationlevelonthe
MIS"YarraRiver"
whichwasinserviceonthesameroute.MHIconductednotonlymodeltestsinitsownexperimentaltankbutalsopropulsiveperformancetestsandmanoeuvrabilitytestsintheexperimentaltankofNSMBofHolland,inwhichtestscanbemadeinshallowwaters.Theresultsofvibrationmeasurementsandmodeltestswereusefulintheevaluationofmanoeuvrabi-lityoftheshipandindesigningalowexcitingforcepropeller.Theshipisprovidedwithatunnelfinandahighlyskewedpropellerof7800mmindiameterwhichisprobablytheworld'slargestfixed-pitchpropeller.Thisisoneofthemeasurestakentoreducetheexcitingforceofthepropeller.Thefollowingresultsofseatrialshowthatthecounter-measurewasveryeffective-Vibrationlevel15gals(500cprn)atmaximuminwayofaftpartstructuresandaccommodationspaceNoiselevel41-54dB(A)incabinsinnormalsea-goingconditionGeneralarrangementTheshiphasthreecargoholdswithatotalofeighthatches-twoinNo.1holdandthreeeachinNo.2andNo.3holds-asshowninFigure1.Thecoalbunkersarelocatedaftoftheengineroom,andthemainboilersintheforwardpartoftheengineroom.Thisarrangementisoneofthepointswhichwasgiventhemostcarefulconsiderationindevelopingtheshipdesign.Unlikeanoil-firedshiporadiesel-enginedshipofacomparablepower,themostdifficultproblemsindesigningacoal-firedshiparealargespacerequiredformainboilers,specialboilersupportstructure,andalargebunkerspace.
 
Inthecaseofthisship,thecoalbunkerswerearrangedintheaftpartofaccommationwithoutreducingholdcapacity,andthemainboilerswerelocatedintheforepartofthemachineryspacewherevibrationwillbeatthelowestlevel.Figures2and3showthemachineryarrangementfromwhichitwillbeseenthattheportandstarboardbunkersarelocatedaftofthemachineryspace,whereasthetwoboilersarelocatedattheforwardpartofthespace.
Mainboiler
Mitsubishi-CEstokercoal-firedmarineboiler,typeV21\~-9S-thestokerandcoal-firingequipment,includingtheautomaticcombustioncontrolsystemandfancapacity,wasdesignedtosuittheburningcharacteristicsofthecallidecoaltobeused.Thecoalespeciallyrequiredacarefulattentionindesigningthecoal-firingequipmentbecauseofitsinferiorcombustionchara-cteristicsandhighfriability.Inthisconnection,aseriesofcombustiontestswereperformedtoaccuratelydeterminetheactualburningcharacteristicsofcallidecoal.Figure4showstheburningvelocityofcallidecoalasobtainedbyburningtestsofitssmallparticlesabout3mminsize.Itcan
be
seenfromthisFigurethatcallidecoalischaracte-rizedbyaveryslowburningvelocity,abouthalfoftheburningvelocityoftaiheyocoal,whichwastestedsimultaneouslyforcomparison.Also,aseriesofburningtestswereperformedtoobtaintheeffectofchangeinparameterssuchasthecoarse-fineparticleratioofcoalsize,surfacemoisture,thicknessofcoallayer,under-grateairflowrate,overfireairflowrateandcombustionairtemperature.Combustioncharacteristicsderivedfromtheanalysisoftestdataenabledustocalculateverticalupwardburningvelocityandburn-outvelocityforalayerofcoalspreadoutonthegrate.Thecombustioncharacteristicsofcallidecoalonthetravellinggrateofthestokerweredeterminedquantitativelybythesecalculationsincombinationwiththecoaldistributionrateperunitgratesurfaceareameasuredseparately.Figure5showstheresultsofcalculationmadefromtheseanalyses.ItwaspredictedfromthisFigurethatwhenthegratespeedexceeded3m/hourandtheexcessairratiowaslessthan40percent,thecombustionofcallidecoalwouldbeincompletewitharesultantincreaseinunburntcarboncontentofbottomash.Inaddition,thesetestsconfirmedthatanincreaseinpercentageoffineparticleswouldcausetheunburntcarboncontenttoincrease.Basedupontheburningcharacteristicsofcallidecoaldeterminedthroughthesetests,thefollowingimprovementswereincorporatedintotheoriginaldesignsofthestokerandcoal-firingequipment.(a)Thelowerlimitofgratespeedadjustablerangewaschangedfrom4m/hourto1m/hour.(b)Theeffectivegratesurfaceareawasincreasedinordertobecompatiblewiththeslowburningvelocityofcallidecoal.(c)Thenumberofstokerunder-grateaircompartmentswasincreasedfrom3to5.(d)Thegratebarkeyshapewasalteredfromthe"flat"typeto"over-Iapped"typeinordertominimizeunevenburningonthegratesurface.(e)Thematerialofgratebarkeywasalteredfrom1percentCrcastironto4percentSiductileironinordertoavoidtheheatdamage.

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