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Solutions, Electrolytes and Concentration

Solutions, Electrolytes and Concentration

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Published by Jim Goetz
Solutions, Electrolytes and Concentration Lab
Solutions, Electrolytes and Concentration Lab

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Jim Goetz on Aug 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Solutions, Electrolytes, and ConcentrationPre-Lab Study Questions1. Why does an oil and vinegar salad dressing have two separate layers?This is because oil is non polar and water is polar2. What is meant by mass/mass percent concentration of a solution?The amount of grams of solute in 100 grams of solution3. Why are some electrolytes strong, while others are weak?strong electrolytes completely disassociate in water while weak ones do not4. What is molarity?amount substance concentration A. Polarity of Solutes and SolventsSoluble/Not soluble in SoluteIs the soluteWater (A.1) Cyclohexane (A.2) polar or nonpolar?KMnO4 yes nopolarI2 noyes nonpolarSucrose yes nopolarVegetable oil no yesnonpolarQuestions and ProblemsQ.1 NaCl is soluble in water, but I2 is not. Explain.NaCl is made up of charged ions, which can interact with the dipoles present inthe water molecules. The large polarity of water means that it is extremely goodat a dialectic constant, so the ions can be separated from each other resultingin "dissolving". I2 is held together by a covalent bond. Neither atom is charged and they are not attracted to H20. The The dispersion forces cause the I2 molecules to attract to each other not the charge.B. Electrolytes and Conductivity: Make predictions about the substances below:Substance B.1 Observations B.2 Type of particlesType of electrolyte(Intensity of light bulb) (ions, molecules, both) (strong, weak, )non) NaCl(s) strongionsstrong0.1 M NaCl strongionsstrong0.1 M Sucrose weakmoleculesweak0.1 M HCl strongmoleculesstrong0.1 M Acetic acid, HC2H3O2 weakmolecules
weak0.1 M NaOH strongbothstrong0.1 M NH4OH strongbothstrong0.1 M Glucose, C6H12O6 weakmoleculesweak Questions and ProblemsQ.2 For the three solutes below that were tested in A.1, write an equation for their solution in water:HCl + H20--> H30 + Cl-NH4OH <--> NH3 + H20C6H12O6 + 02<--> Co2 + H20Q.3 Classify the solutes in the following equations as a weak electrolyte, a strong electrolyte, or anonelectrolyte in water.a. XY2 (s) X2+ (aq) + 2Yâ
(aq)strongb. HX (g) â
H+ (aq) + Xâ
(aq)weakc. XYZ(s) XYZ(aq)nond. YOH(s) Y+ (aq) + OHâ
(aq)strongC. Electrolytes in Body FluidsC.1: Given the information below answer the questions:IV Solution: 20 mEq Na, 25 mEq Mg, 17 mEq Cl, 28 mEq SC.2CationsNa, MgAnionsCl, SC.3Total Charge of Cations3Total Charge of Anions3C.4Overall Charge0Questions and ProblemsQ.4What would be the overall charge in any IV solution? Why? 0- it is neutralD. Concentrations of a Sodium Chloride Solution: Use the exercise module, â
Concentration of NaCl Solution,â
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