When DNS replies with IP address browser makes TCP connection to port 80 onthe machine and sends a request for the required file.
The server sends the required file and TCP connection has closed.
Browser displays all text file info, images and other information.
Server Side Operation
:- In server side operation, when URL is clicked the server offersfollowing operations:-
Accept a TCP connection from a client.
Get the name of the file requested disk.
Get the file from the disk.
Return the file to the client.
Release the TCP connection.
2. a) Explain different forms of routing.Ans:
Different forms of Routing:- i) Next-hop routing:- The technique to make the content of routing table smaller is called next-hop routing. In this, the routing table holds only the addressof the next hop instead of holding information about the complete route.ii) Network-specific routing:- It makes the routing table smaller and searching process simpler.In this, routing tables contain only one entry for define the address of all host connected withsame physical network instead of an entry for each host.iii) Host-specific routing:- This is the inverse of network-specific routing. In this, the hostaddress is given in the routing table and it also contains specific entry for each host. But it isgood for certain purpose such as the route or providing security measure.iv) Default routing:- Default routing is a routing technique that used a default network address toroute the packets to host connected to the network.
3. a) Explain the BGP protocol in detail.
National ISP (IBGP)AS3
The Border Gateway Protocol is a inter autonomous system (AS) routing protocol. BGP isused to exchange routing information for the internet and is the protocol used between ISP.Customers connect to ISPs, and ISPs use BGP to exchange customer and ISP route. When BGP