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ElementSummary: CitySystems

ElementSummary: CitySystems

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Published by DetroitWorksProject

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Published by: DetroitWorksProject on Aug 20, 2012
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08/29/2012

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NEIGHBORHOODS
T
 
 wo years ago we launched an ambitious effort to reimagine thefuture of one of the world’s most storied and important cities. At that time, we cautioned that success doesn’t happen by chance, but citiesfrom around the world have learned that they must plan ahead for positivechange. It was then that the
DEtROIt WORkS PROJECt LONG tERm PLaNNING
 —a blueprint for a future Detroit that works for all — was born.Many of you have been there from the beginning, inserting your passion,ideas and expertise along the way. Today we are once again asking for yourinput. Below are some draft strategies for one of the main elements of theplan, City Systems. These aren’t the entirety of the strategiesfor City Systems, but the latest for which we need your feedback. After wedigest this feedback, we will complete the in-depth Long Term StrategicFramework plan in the fall. We look forward to theconversation, and a brighter future for Detroit.
 
CItY SYStEmS
 
However, strategically investing in infrastructuresystems could mean different levels of otherservices in the wider neighborhood area –potentially closing unused roads where thereare no occupied structures or locating streetlights only on major roads andthoroughfares and next to occupied structures. While all areas of the city with residents willmaintain certain core services, we shouldmake strategic decisions about where toupgrade, maintain, and invest in otherservices. Decisions for renewal andmaintenance of systems could fall into one of four different categories of action for an areabased on its future use:
UPGRaDE aND maINtaIN:
this service level would offer improved service and betterquality maintenance.
RENEW aND maINtaIN:
this service level wouldoffer core service at the same or betterquality.Detroit is experiencing growth in someeconomic clusters that are bringing more jobsand investment to the city. At the same time,the city is still losing population and maycontinue to do so for the next 20 years.Today, 713,000 Detroiters are paying for aninfrastructure system that was designed toserve and be paid for by 2,000,000 residents,nearly three times the size of our currentpopulation. This has resulted in Detroiterspaying more taxes for diminishing services.Despite the sparks of resurgence currentlyoccurring, this challenge of delivering adequate services amidst diminished use andrevenue will continue to negatively impactquality of life for Detroiters unless we takeaction. As our city seeks to confront its challengeshead on, we must look at how to realign andtailor services to fit our projected populationand economic growth. Doing so will allow ourCity to provide services in a more efficientand cost-effective manner, and ultimately,provide a better quality of service to Detroiters.There are three main strategies that will helpus to achieve this goal: realigning the capacityof city systems, using landscapes to supportinfrastructure systems on our vacant land andexcess road capacity, and changing publictransit systems to get people to moredestinations faster.These strategies were born from manydiscussions with the community, serviceagencies, and other stakeholders. We continueto have conversations with service agencies tosee if these draft strategies are feasible anddesirable, so they should not be viewed as finalrecommendations. It is also important that weget input from the community about how well you think these draft strategies will start toaddress some of the city service challenges.Please take the time to read what’s here and fillout the feedback form so we can use yourinput when developing the final strategies.
inrastructure
must align with our current population & future growth 
Our city systems have an increasingly antiquatedinfrastructure designed to serve nearly threetimes our current population. There is a largegap between the existing infrastructure, thecosts it takes to maintain it — roads, the watersystem, street lights, etc. — and what we actuallyneed to serve our population if we plan well. If  we don’t adjust, the already high costs residentspay for services will continue to rise, even whendemand is decreasing. On the other hand,accurately matching infrastructure investmentsto future population projections will begin togreatly diminish that burden. We must make investments in maintenanceand improvements of city systems in a morestrategic and coordinated fashion. Every year,our city makes investments to maintain itsinfrastructure of roads, pipes and wires. Theseinvestments are often very expensive andusually designed to maintain a segment of infrastructure for 20 to 50 years. We need tomore effectively use these infrastructureresources to upgrade areas with expected futuregrowth, maintain areas that are expected tostabilize and act as anchors for nearby areas,and to reduce the level of infrastructure forareas that are expected to have less populationin the future.There are many types of infrastructure and cityservices that can be tailored to a neighborhood’sfuture use. However, no matter what the area’sfuture will be, Detroit Works Project Long Term Planning has identified certain coreservices that will be offered to anyone living inthe city. These core services include such thingsas:
•
Pol d f mgy po
•
 W d w
•
G d ly 
•
tlom/d
 
REDUCE aND maINtaIN:
this service level wouldoffer core service but for the smallernumber of people who are actually still inthe neighborhood as these areas will likelynot regain their original number of residents in the future.
maINtaIN aND REPaIR ONLY:
this service level would offer basic service but the quality would decline overtime as system renewalis decreased.The maps below show how we could makethese strategic decisions based on populationand future growth over three time horizons.The map on the right is based off of the futureland use map on the left for each time horizon.To read more about the future land use maps,see the “Land Use” summary document.
1234
o  k  ,     k    v     v v.
#
1-2
Maintain and Repair OnlyReduce Capacity and MaintainRenew and MaintainUpgrade and Maintain
   1   0   Y   E   A   R   H   O   R   I   Z   O   N
Maps continue on next page
WINDSORCITYCENTERDISTRICTCENTERNEIGHBORHOODCTR.GREENMIXED-RISEMED.DEN.RES.LOWDEN.RES.LIGHTINDUSTRIALGREENRESIDENTIALGREENRESIDENTIAL TRANSITIONINNOVATIONPRODUCTIVEINNOVATIONECOLOGICALLARGEPARK/CEMETERIESLIVE/MAKEHEAVYINDUSTRIAL/UTILITIESGENERALINDUSTRIAL
 
Landscape strategies can be used on Detroit’senormous amount of underutilized land tosupport city infrastructure systems, including storm water/wastewater, energy, roads/transportation, and waste. Using this land forinfrastructure support would provide athreefold benefit: 1) it would reducemaintenance costs for system upkeep, 2)provide productive uses for and maintenanceof land to reduce blight, and 3) providepotential amenity space for residents.Landscape systems are also multi-functional;they can do the same things as conventionalinfrastructure – and many more things at thesame time. Landscape benefits include:
• reduce maintenance costs• stabilize neighborhoods by increasing 
property values
• create an attractive, unique environment
that can draw new businesses
• create habitat for wildlife• capture and clean stormwater• clean soil• improve air quality• provide recreational opportunities• provide new uses for and management of 
currently vacant land
o  k  ,     k     v v.
surPLus Vacant LanD
must be used to support infrastructure systems
#
3-4
Landscape systems provide environmental,fiscal, and social benefits. They can addressenvironmental justice issues by cleaning contaminated soil, improving air quality,buffering impacts of industry/infrastructureon residents, and reducing the cost of service(
     
). In short,landscape systems can help ensure thatenvironmental burdens do notdisproportionately impact Detroit’s most vulnerable populations, especially lowerincomes and children. An integrated blue and green infrastructuresystem will allow us to use our vacant land toclean the air and capture and clean storm water through a large network of greencorridors, swales, and ponds. Blue corridorsare city-wide, broad, retrofitted streets thatinclude swales along their length andintermittent road-side retention ponds.Green infrastructure corridors are forestedbuffers that clean air between homes andinterstates, or homes and industry. To seeblue and green infrastructure developmenttypes and how we could apply these developmenttypes, see map to the right and the chart on thefollowing pages.
Maintain and Repair OnlyReduce Capacity and MaintainRenew and MaintainUpgrade and Maintain
Maintain and Repair OnlyReduce Capacity and MaintainRenew and MaintainUpgrade and Maintain
Green Re
WINDSOR
GreenRe
CITYCENTERDISTRICTCENTERNEIGHBORHOODCTR.GREENMIXED-RISEMED.DEN.RES.LOWDEN.RES.LIGHTINDUSTRIALGREENRESIDENTIALGREENRESIDENTIAL TRANSITIONINNOVATIONPRODUCTIVEINNOVATIONECOLOGICALLARGEPARK/CEMETERIESLIVE/MAKEHEAVYINDUSTRIAL/UTILITIESGENERALINDUSTRIAL
   2   0   Y   E   A   R   H   O   R   I   Z   O   N   5   0   Y   E   A   R   H   O   R   I   Z   O   N
WINDSOR
Green Re
CITYCENTERDISTRICTCENTERNEIGHBORHOODCTR.GREENMIXED-RISEMED.DEN.RES.LOWDEN.RES.LIGHTINDUSTRIALGREENRESIDENTIALGREENRESIDENTIAL TRANSITIONINNOVATIONPRODUCTIVEINNOVATIONECOLOGICALLARGEPARK/CEMETERIESLIVE/MAKEHEAVYINDUSTRIAL/UTILITIESGENERALINDUSTRIAL

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