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MB0044 Spring Drive Assignment Solved

MB0044 Spring Drive Assignment Solved

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Published by Praveen Kolli

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Published by: Praveen Kolli on Sep 10, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Q1. Explain briefly the Computer Integrated Manufacturing.
Answer: Integration occurs when a broad range of manufacturing and supporting activities are linked.CIM is the complete automation of a manufacturing plant, with all processes functioning undercomputer control and digital information tying them together. The three major functions inmanufacturing are production, design, and management function. Production function convertsresources into products. The design function transforms customer specifications into design. Finallythe management functions plan and control production activities. The three computer aids in CIM are:Computer aid to the production function (automated flow of materials)Computer aid to the design function (automated flow of technological information)Computer aid to the management function (automated flow of managerial information)When it comes to production, CIMs are included in different areas of production process such as inengineering design, production planning, shop control, order processing, material control, distributionand many other areas. Information flow across all the functions takes place with the help of computers. Transmission, processing, distribution, and feedback happen almost in real time so that intendedactivities are conducted rapidly. (See Figure for CIM related activities)CIM process helps in rapid production and also reduces indirect costs. CIM uses computers to controlthe entire production process. This integration allows the processes to exchange information witheach other and thus they become capable of initiating actions. As response times decrease,customer satisfaction increases resulting in better business. CIM helps in avoiding accumulation of materials resulting in better throughput and better utilization of space. Bar coded labels thataccompany materials contain instructions for processing them which are read by sensing devices anddisplay the status on monitors. This information is available to all concerned personnel responsible inplanning, marketing and other activities so that they will be aware of the status of any order. If expediting is needed to meet deadlines, they will be able to seek intervention. Identifying shortagesand ensuring faster deliveries become easy with CIM.
Q2. What is automation? What are the kinds of automation?
Answer: Automation is the use of scientific and technological principles in the manufacture of machines that take over work normally done by humans. Following figure shows a sample automationproduction process:For services, automation usually means increase in quality and productivity using labor savingdevices. Automation is ideal when the service provided or the product manufactured is highlystandardized. Some extent of automation can be designed even with customization, that is, product orservices meant to produce or deliver low volumes specific to a requirement. The cost per unit determines the extent of automation required. Automation systems cost huge sumsof money and therefore, a deep analysis of the various factors has to be done. The advantage of automation is that it has low variability and will be more consistent on a repetitive basis. On the shopfloor variability causes loss of quality.
Where is automation used?
Automation in the banking sector has resulted in ATMs which save a huge amount of bank’slabor and it is found to have given greater customer satisfaction.
In education, long distance learning technology helps in supplementing class room instruction. The facilitating goods that are used in this case are e-courses, web sites and videos. There are three kinds of automation: fixed, programmable, and flexible..
By its very nature, fixed automation is rigid. They are designed for high volumeproduction and their rigidity
ensures less variability. They are not amenable to change in product orprocess. They need minimal human intervention. Examples: Oil refineries and chemical processingunits..
Programming devices enable machines to operate automatically. Themachines have sensing and
control devices that enable this. The simplest of them called machineattachments replace human effort. They guide, locate, move, and achieve relative positions by meansof cams, optical sensing, and load sensing mechanisms andactivate the controls to remove human intervention. Numerically controlled machines readinstructions and convert them to machine. Computers are used for controlling one machine ora number of them and they have programs written into them for operations. They areComputer Numerically Controlled or for short, CNC machines.
Robots are higher in the order of automation as they perform a variety of tasks. Theyare designed to move
materials by holding them in their arms and making precise movements

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