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Radicalization Into Violent Extremism

Radicalization Into Violent Extremism

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Published by Colorado Liberty
There is no way to be 100% certain that an individual is becoming radicalized to the point that they may be considering violent action. However, recent experiences show that there are certain warning signs, or early indicators, worth review. The information below is a
general guide for military personnel and leaders at every level to give the user a basic understanding of when further action might be warranted. This guide requires the user to understand the fine line between the protection of one’s rights to privacy and the need to
protect others. It should be used in the same judicious manner one uses a chart with indicators of suicide. The graphic on the left shows possible indicators of radicalization from the inception of the thought increasing up to the level of violent action. The indicator decision
chart on the right outlines a step-by-step process for identifying, evaluating, and responding to possible indicators at each level.
There is no way to be 100% certain that an individual is becoming radicalized to the point that they may be considering violent action. However, recent experiences show that there are certain warning signs, or early indicators, worth review. The information below is a
general guide for military personnel and leaders at every level to give the user a basic understanding of when further action might be warranted. This guide requires the user to understand the fine line between the protection of one’s rights to privacy and the need to
protect others. It should be used in the same judicious manner one uses a chart with indicators of suicide. The graphic on the left shows possible indicators of radicalization from the inception of the thought increasing up to the level of violent action. The indicator decision
chart on the right outlines a step-by-step process for identifying, evaluating, and responding to possible indicators at each level.

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Published by: Colorado Liberty on Oct 06, 2012
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Radicalization into Violent Extremism
Radicalization into Violent Extremism
Tactical Reerence Guide
A Guide for Military Leaders · August 2011
11-01781
OBSERVEPersonal IssuesACTION Prior toViolent Activity
Indicators that should be observed or the subject’s predisposition to radicalization and violence Actions conducted by the subject that would indicate violent or terroristic planning activities that warrant investigation 
 
Complains about bias
 
Advocates violence beyondwhat is “normal”
 
Exhibits abrupt behavioral shits
 
Needs empowerment
 
Is socially withdrawn
 
Believes in governmentconspiracies to the point oparanoia
 
Is rustrated with mainstreamideologies
 
Experiences personal crisis anddoes not properly recover
 
Demonizes others reely
 
Lacks positive identity withcountry, unit, amily, or riends
 
Exhibits sudden reclusiveness
FLAG PossibleRadicalization
The subject’s actions that should encourage leaders to investigate and bring to the attention o senior- ranking personnel 
 
Suddenly acquires weapons
 
Organizes protests inspired byextremist ideology
 
Takes part in criminal activity orhas trouble with law enorcement
 
Advocates violence as a viableoption or various situations
 
Shows a sudden visual shit romradical to “normal “ behavior toconceal radical behavior
 
Takes suspicious or unreported travel (inside or outside o thecontinental United States)
 
Stores or collects mass weaponsor hazardous materials
 
Verbally indicates hatred or the United States and/or theConstitution
 
Exhibits new interests in publicor government acilities
 
Inquires about weapons o masseects
OBSERVEFLAGACTION
 
Is sympathetic to radicalgroups
 
Visits extremist websites/blogs
 
Establishes website/blog todisplay extremist views
 
Speaks about seeking revenge
 
Attends rallies or extremistcauses
 
Associates with known radicals
 
Exhibits extreme religiousintolerance
 
Is personally connected witha grievance
 
Cuts ties with amily andriends
 
Isolates sel rom unit members
 
Rhetoric is more intense andconcentrated
 
Attempts to recruit others toextremist causes
Indicator Decision Chart
IDEATIONACTION
 
Immediately notiy CID and/or ederal law enorcement 
I the situation is critical,conne subject to barracksunder guard and remove allitems that could harm othersor sel 
Notiy chain o command o ideologies thatcould threaten unit cohesion and morale 
Counsel soldier in an eort to help andassist with personal needs 
Notiy chain o commando possible radical orextremist activity
Counsel soldier ondangers o activities
 
Expresses support or oreign personsor organizations that promote or threaten the use o unlawul orceor violence to achieve political,ideological, or religious objectives
 
Participates in political demonstra- tions that promote or threaten the useo unlawul violence directed against the Army, DOD, or United States basedon political, ideological, or religious tenets, principles, or belies
 
Has surreptitious meetings
 
Changes type o o-duty clothing
 
Alters choices o reading materialsin personal area
 
Frequents suspicious discussion groups
 
Uses extremist acronyms
 
Visits extremist websites
 
Alters choices in entertainment
Displays extremist symbols in barracksor common areas
 
Has peculiar discussions
 
Develops strange habits
Expresses a political, religious, orideological obligation to engage inunlawul violence directed against U.S.military operations or oreign policy
 
Solicits advice, encouragement,nances, training, or other resourcesrom a person who advocates the useo unlawul violence to undermineor disrupt U.S. military operations ororeign policy
There is no way to be 100% certain that an individual is becoming radicalized to the point that they may be considering violent action. However, recent experiences show that there are certain warning signs, or early indicators, worth review. The inormation below is ageneral guide or military personnel and leaders at every level to give the user a basic understanding o when urther action might be warranted. This guide requires the user to understand the ne line between the protection o one’s rights to privacy and the need toprotect others. It should be used in the same judicious manner one uses a chart with indicators o suicide. The graphic on the let shows possible indicators o radicalization rom the inception o the thought increasing up to the level o violent action. The indicator decisionchart on the right outlines a step-by-step process or identiying, evaluating, and responding to possible indicators at each level.The indicator decision chart is a guide or leaders to use i aced with an indicator o radicalization or extremist activity. This chartmight not be applicable in all situations; consult the CID or CI i there are any questions. NOTE: Use this chart in conjunction withobservation o actions suggesting possible radicalization, described at the bottom o the page.
Take rehabilitative oradministrative action
 
Take rehabilitative oradministrative actionImmediately contactCID and/or PMO forquestioning or detention
 
Immediately contactCID and/or PMO forquestioning or detentionMust have an active shooter plan inplace before event to mitigate casualties
 
Must have an active shooter plan inplace before event to mitigate casualtiesSee UCMJ and AR 600-20 forpossible actions, includingpursuing criminal prosecution
 
See UCMJ and AR 600-20 forpossible actions, includingpursuing criminal prosecutionNo furtheraction required
 
No furtheraction required Was action successful?
 
 Was action successful?NONOYESYES Violent
 
ViolentNonviolent
 
NonviolentThreat indicator(s) identied
 
Threat indicator(s) identiedNo furtheraction required
 
No furtheraction requiredActive threat
 
Active threatPassive threat
 
Passive threatInvestigate soldier to determinewhether indicator is a(n):
 
Investigate soldier to determinewhether indicator is a(n):Notify chain of command
 
Notify chain of commandConduct commander’s inquiry
 
Conduct commander’s inquiryIs indicator a sign of extremism,radicalization, or criminal activity?
 
Is indicator a sign of extremism,radicalization, or criminal activity?Consult CID, CI, EOA, andJAG to determine threat
 
Consult CID, CI, EOA, andJAG to determine threatNONOYESYES
UNCLASSIFIED
Key
AR Army RegulationCI CounterintelligenceCID Criminal Investigation DivisionEOA Equal Opportunity AdvisorJAG Judge Advocate GeneralPMO Provost Marshall OceUCMJ Uniorm Code o Military Justice
UNCLASSIFIED

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