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Ose Hernandez and Sovereignty Over Malvinas James

Ose Hernandez and Sovereignty Over Malvinas James

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Published by galon Ariannin

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Published by: galon Ariannin on Oct 10, 2012
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 Jose Hernandez and sovereignty over MalvinasOn April 2, 1982, Argentina took possession of the Falkland Islands, a territoryusurped by the British in 1833. The occupation-a slap at straws of militarydictatorship began a war that would cost the country the lives of more than 650people. Below we reproduce an article written by José Hernández in 1869, 36years after the usurpation of land, originally published in the newspaper El Rio dela Plata. The author of Martín Fierro draws attention both to the nationalauthorities of the time, led by President Bartolomé Mitre, Argentina and thepress about the importance of "ensuring the territorial integrity and Argentineinterests" and argues that "these rights not ever prescribed. "Author: Newspaper article by Jose Hernandez, of the Falkland Islands, publishedin The Rio de la Plata in November 1869, quoted in HERNANDEZ, JOSE, FalklandIslands. Buenos Aires, Joaquin Gil - Editor, 1952.Interesting letter. - Relation of a voyage to the Falkland Islands 1We started today on the first page (of the River Plate) to publish an interestingletter descriptive of a trip to the Falklands, which is addressed to us by our friendand distinguished Chief of the Navy, Commander D. Augusto Lasserre2. Containsignored by the general curiosity of our readers, and makes us know in a simple,interesting and clear, people, customs, industry, commerce and on the islands,whose geographical location gives them a great importance. (...)Falkland Islands. Serious questions: 3In the interesting account of the journey to the Falkland Islands from ourdistinguished friend, Mr. Lasserre we published a few days in El Rio de la Plata,has rightly drawn attention of the illustrated press, and has been read with deepand general interest throughout the population. The Argentines, especially, couldnot forget that this is a very important part of national territory, usurped at themercy of unfavorable circumstances, at a time undecided, where the nationalitywas struggling with the obstacles opposed to its final organization.Conceived and is easily explained that deep feeling and jealous of the people forthe integrity of its territory and that the usurpation of an inch of land worry itsfuture existence, as if we snatch a piece of flesh. Counterfeiting is not only abreach of civil and political right, it is also the violation of natural law.People need the territory with which they were born into political life, as air isnecessary for free expansion of our lungs. Suck a piece of its territory, is takeaway a right, and that injustice involves a double attack, because not only is thetheft of property, but is also the threat of a new encroachment. The precedent of injustice is always the fear of injustice, as if conformity or indifference of thepeople injured consolidated the conquest of power, who will defend tomorrowagainst a new attempt to plunder, or theft?
 The people understand or feel these truths, and their anxiety is the uneasiness of all peoples history points as equal victims of attacks. Where there has been alack of territorial integrity, we have always witnessed the efforts of injuredpeople to get to the reconquest of territory usurped.Mr. Lasserre has well said, inspired by a noble sentiment, to take theirinteresting story: "The following lines may provide some interest for the doublereason for them (the islands) owned by the Argentines, and remain, however,little or nothing known to most of their rightful owners. I do not intend, nor do I fitthis case, to enter into political considerations on the non-return of that immenseterritory which we have given the English a bit against our will, but do not wantto miss this opportunity to deplore the neglect of our governments, which havebeen passing the time without thinking of such a claim pending. Presumably, theillustration of the current National Government understands the importance of that return, that he is in the duty to demand the SMB, because these islands, byits geographical position are the key to the Pacific and are undoubtedly called agreat future with the likely increase in population in our extremely fertileterritory. " The importance of the Falkland Islands is unquestionable. Its proximity to thesouth coast of our country, its excellent ports for trade and navigation of thesecoasts, the valuable branch of fishing, raising cattle and sheep, for which lendthemselves wonderfully its extremely fertile fields, rich washes permanent, allthese are advantages recognized by those who have visited those islands.Referring Standard 4 to the relationship of Mr. Lasserre, and appreciating it interms of honor, announced that it will translate to offer to their readers. For thisreason, says English colleague, "who have made large purchases of sheep to theFalkland Islands, which have been contracted to 30 pesos, currency, chosen andplaced on board."But essentially we have not proposed to give an idea of the economicadvantages offered by the possession of those islands. If we had to do withoutthese details, it is because they can stimulate the zeal of our government and toinfluence its provisions in relation to the claim must establish diplomatic fromand to the British government. This question has linked another no less serious for being single and cominghome to explain historically the domain of usurpation of the Falkland Islands. TheRepublic of Argentina over the islands always maintained its undisputed right of sovereignty. Penetrated our first governments of the need to prove possession of that right by the industrial exploitation of these islands, to that end made someworthy efforts.
In 1828, the government gave in to Mr. D. Luis Vernet called Soledad Island,provided it be a colony at his expense. This was done with the best success afterovercoming all the difficulties inherent in an undertaking of this magnitude. The colony prospered few years ago and saw the Argentine government withsingular satisfaction that the great future that predicted infant colony fornavigation and commerce of our extensive coastline to Cape Horn.In 1831 the islands were seized in three Americans who had relapsed vesselsfishing for amphibians against the strict regulations that would enforce theauthority of that jurisdiction. Dr. Areco, the thesis presented in 1866 for thedegree of Doctor of Law, enshrines some hints of this historical episode thatshould have deplorable consequences. It reads: "The Governor of the Malvinas[Mr. Vernet], bound to enforce regulations relating to fishing, or rather slaughterof wolves within their jurisdiction, rules as old as this, and interested in enjoyingonly a of the concessions he had made the government of Buenos Aires, stoppeda few American ships, which according to the confession of his own captains,took care of this illegal trade. The competent court declared them good prey andlegitimized the conduct of Mr. Vernet ". 5As a result of that arrest the commander of a U.S. warship destroyed theflourishing colony of East Falkland, and that fact was unjustifiable precisely whatled England to seize the Falkland Islands, consummating the attack against theterritorial integrity of the Nación Argentina, whose sovereignty over those islandshad always been respected.A distinguished Argentine diplomat, Dr. D. Manuel Moreno, accredited by theBritish government as Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in 1834, wasexpressed in these terms in note to that government "can not be argued againstthe United Provinces [of the Rio de la Plata] to try to revive an issue that wastraded after more than half a century ago. By contrast, the invasion of theCorvette Clio January 5, 1833 is what has changed and reversed the state of affairs that had left the convention of January 22, 1771. " 6Meanwhile, the Argentine government has paid all debts incurred losses fromforeign nationals, which has to date been close and cordial relations with allEuropean and American governments except that of Paraguay, has not obtainedredress for the serious damage caused to a citizen of Argentina for thedestruction of the colony Soledad, no less by the usurpation of the FalklandIslands, seized by the British in a time when governments were reckless displayof the material advantages of the strength, at a given moment. We believe that this is due to the indifference of our governments, or the weak

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