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Genocide.doc

Genocide.doc

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Published by Monie Maunay
This is a look on some of the recorded cases of genocide in history. It includes specific dates, the personalities involved, and what took place.
This is a look on some of the recorded cases of genocide in history. It includes specific dates, the personalities involved, and what took place.

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Published by: Monie Maunay on Oct 30, 2012
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12/04/2012

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Genocide Revue
 Adolf Hitler to his Army commanders, August 22, 1939:"Thus for the time being I have sent to the East only my 'Death's Head Units' with the orders tokill without pity or mercy all men, women, and children of Polish race or language. Only in such away will we win the vital space that we need. Who still talks nowadays about the Armenians? 
"
 
The term “genocide” is a combination of the Greek work “genos” meaning race,family or tribe and the Latin “cide”, which means killing. It was internat
ional lawspecialist Raphael Lemkin who coined the word and used it in print for the first
time in his most notable work “Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation
- Analysis of Government -
Proposals for Redress (1944)”. Lemkin drafted a
resolution for a genocide convention treaty which received popular support and
was adopted by the United Nations in 1948, dubbed “
Convention on thePrevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
.” Born in Belarus, Lemkin
lived in Warsaw, Poland before the second world war. He escaped and soughtasylum in the United States during the Nazi occupation but lost 49 relatives in theholocaust.While an internationally recognized crime, the UN had very little teeth inenforcing the law of universal conscience. Seeming to drag its feet in thisenforcement, the nations of the UN take ages to rule a certain large-scale state-sponsored killing as genocide. In the meantime the bodies pile up. Just whattranspires behind the walls of an ethnic group or a government engaging ingenocide.
The Young Turks and the Armenians (1915-1918, 1,500,000 dead)
 For over three centuries there existed an Armenian community in Asia Minor. Thiscommunity was invaded by the Ottoman Empire in the 16
th
century, which ruledover all of Southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. When the empirefell, it was left with just the Christian Armenians and the Arabs of the Middle East.At the turn of the 20
th
century the ruling Young Turks officially recognized theconstitutional government of Armenia and guaranteed their basic rights.However, a new leadership among the Young Turks endeavored to expand theirborders to create a new empire called Turan and the Armenian homeland is in theway of this plan. When the first world war broke out in 1914, the Turks put intoaction a plan to annex the Armenian land through the annihilation of the entirepopulation.A coded telegram was sent to all provincial governors throughout Turkey withinstructions to exterminate the Armenians. The men were tied together withropes by death squads, brought to the outskirts of the towns and shot orbayoneted. The locals would join in on the massacre with knives and otherimplements. The women, elderly and children were herded to the Syrian desertunder the pretext of relocation and left there to die. These death marches wentfor hundreds of miles and lasted for months with over a million Armenians.
 
Stragglers hiding in the towns were dealt with by a group of criminals called
 “Special Organization” in any which way they w
ish.With no food and water the countryside became littered with corpses and thissight was witnessed by foreign missionaries. At the end of the war in 1918 theArmenians with the help of the newly established moderate regime in Turkeydemanded the repatriation of the Young Turk leadership responsible for thegenocide, who were living in exile in Germany. When this request was turneddown the Armenians took matters into their own hands by seeking out andassassinating these leaders.
Man-Made Famine in the Soviet Union (1932-1933, 7,000,000 dead)
 The perpetrator is Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, the target is the entire Ukrainianrace, particularly the Kulaks, a class of people named by the Communists, whowere wealthy farmers owning 24 or more acres, and employing farm workers.Stalin led his government to believe that the Kulaks would be at the forefront of any future insurrection and so he proclaimed a policy aimed at destroying theKulaks as a class. The Kulaks were stripped of everything they owned and itbecame a crime to aid these dispossessed people. A huge portion of this classwere taken to special settlements in Siberia, while others became slaves inSoviet-run factories and other industrial projects.Stalin then imposed the system of land management called collectivization or thegovernment's seizure of all privately owned lands and livestock. When oppositionpersisted, Stalin raised the nation's export quota on food produce in the Ukraineresulting to mass starvation as no food was left to feed the Ukrainians. He thensealed off the borders of the Ukraine preventing food supplies from entering thecountry. All food was considered as sacred property of the government and so thefamine grew worse.There were accounts of mothers in the countryside tossing their children ontopassing trains in the hope that someone would take pity and care of them. In thecities, where most of the people from the countryside flocked hoping to be feddropped dead in the streets, their bodies carted away in horse-drawn wagons anddumped in mass graves. People lying on the sidewalk who were thought to bedead, but were just too weakened by hunger were also carted away and buried.Desperate Ukrainians ate everything and anything from leaves off bushes andtrees, dogs, cats, frogs, mice and birds then cooked them. Others, gone mad withhunger, resorted to eating their own children. By the spring of 1933, at the heightof the famine, it was believed that 25,000 persons died every day. The officialstand of the Soviet government on the question of the famine is denial, anyoneclaiming it exists are enemies of the government and the use of the words famineor hunger is forbidden.
 
Rape of Nanking (1937-1938, 300,000 dead)
 
Fewer people know about what the Chinese call “the other holocaust” or “theforgotten holocaust”. They were referring to the Japanese occupation of China's
capital city of Nanking. When the invasion began, about half a million people weretrapped in the city and fell prey to Japanese soldiers acting on orders to kill everysingle Chinese in sight. The weapon of choice was the machete, guns andbayonets. The men were rounded up and shot, stabbed or hacked to death, thewomen were turned into sex slaves then killed as well, medical experiments wereperformed without anesthesia, prisoners were amputated and frozen alive andepidemics were unleashed for germ-warfare experiments. Competitions wereencouraged with prizes for soldiers who were able to kill the most number of people. The savagery was deliberate as military leaders egged young Japanesesoldiers to inflict maximum pain and suffering upon prisoners as a way of toughening up for future battles, and to erase all notions of mercy.Of all the recorded genocides in history, this received the least internationalattention as the US and Great Britain were busy in the European war theater andmost other countries just found the stories about atrocities in Nanking toooutrageous to be believed. Within the walls of the city though, there was anextraordinary group of about 20 Americans and Europeans who became theunsung heroes. The group is made up of missionaries, doctors and businessmen,who took it upon themselves to establish an International Safety Zone. They usedRed Cross flags and declared a 2.5 square-mile area in the middle of the city off limits to the Japanese. Working day and night to the point of exhaustion theysometimes risked their lives by coming between the Japanese soldiers to preventfurther harm to the Chinese. Over 300,000 Chinese civilians took refuge insidetheir Safety Zone, those who did not make it to the zone perished.
The Jewish Holocaust (1938-1945, 6,000,000 dead)
 This is thankfully the most popular of all recorded genocides, I say thankfullybecause the whole world is aware of this historical blemish and are so affectedthat it is almost guaranteed that a repeat will never occur, or so we thought.However, this raged on for years unchecked and the range of brutality is stillunequaled up to now. It is horrible in that it was such a conscious and systematiceffort, with actual government policies enacted to ensure its success. The goalwas the destruction of all Jews in Nazi occupied Europe, such a simple goal whicheven had a simpler means of implementation: death by slave labor or gassing.The Jews became Adolf Hitler's whipping boy, his excuse for invading Europeannations and enriching his beloved Germany.
The Night of Broken Glass or “Kristallnacht” marke
d the start of 8 years of genocide, the first state-run pogrom against the Jews was the Nazi retaliation forthe death of a Nazi embassy official in Paris in the hands of the teenagedHerschel Grynszpan, whose parents were treated harshly by the Nazis. NinetyJews perished, over 500 synagogues were burned to the ground and Jewish shopswere looted and destroyed. The Nazis were just warming up for the Final

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