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Lung Defence

Lung Defence

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Published by c3145848

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Published by: c3145848 on Nov 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/06/2014

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Lung defence
Mutliple choice
1)
 
Which of the following are true regarding aerosolsa)
 
aerosols are suspended particles of liquid/solidb)
 
particles less than 10 nanometres
don’t
pose a threat to lung defencec)
 
large particles (>5nm) are filtered in the small airwaysd)
 
small particles (<5) sediment on large airways2)
 
Which of the following are true regarding aerosolsa)
 
Sedimentation occur in large airwaysb)
 
Impaction occurs in the large airwaysc)
 
Particles are caught in the mucous and cilia, which are then carried up to 2cm below thetrachea to be swallowed or coughed out (expectorated)d)
 
All of the above3)
 
Which of the following are true regarding aerosols deposition/ clearancea)
 
Slow breathing caused particles become deposited further down the respiratory tractb)
 
Rapid breathing causes particles to become deposited on more proximal airwaysc)
 
A decrease in macrophages decreases the risk on infectiond)
 
Phagocytosis can occur via macrophages, neutrophils, monocytes to either to allow forthe digestion of the foreign particles or assist the mucociliary escalator.Match the following gas interactions with their appropriate speed of movement.4)
 
Bubblea)
 
0-60cm/secb)
 
60-1000cm/secc)
 
1000-2500cm/secd)
 
>2500cm/sec5)
 
Annulara)
 
0-60cm/secb)
 
60-1000cm/secc)
 
1000-2500cm/secd)
 
>2500cm/sec6)
 
Sluga)
 
0-60cm/secb)
 
60-1000cm/secc)
 
1000-2500cm/secd)
 
>2500cm/sec7)
 
Mista)
 
0-60cm/secb)
 
60-1000cm/secc)
 
1000-2500cm/secd)
 
>2500cm/sec

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