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cnc milling report

cnc milling report

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Published by Starscream Aisyah
report about the cnc milling
report about the cnc milling

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Published by: Starscream Aisyah on Nov 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/02/2014

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TITLE : CNC Milling (Non Traditional Machining)2.0
 
OBJECTIVE
 
1.
 
To develop more understanding about development and principle of CNC machine2.
 
To understand the fundamentals of NC programming which need to be taken forcompleting a successful CNC program3.
 
To learn how to produce a product through the process
 
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INTRODUCTION
Non-traditional manufacturing processes is defined as a group of processes that removeexcess material by various techniques involving mechanical, thermal, electrical or chemicalenergy or combination of these energies but do not use a sharp cutting tools as it needs to be usedfor traditional manufacturing processes.Extremely hard and brittle materials are difficult to machine by traditional machiningprocesses such as turning, drilling, shaping and milling. Non -traditional machining processes,also called advances manufacturing processes, are employed where traditional machiningprocesses are not feasible, satisfactory or economical due to special reasonsNumerical control (NC) refers to the automation of tools that are operated by abstractlyprogrammed commands encoded on a storage medium, as opposed to manually controlled ormechanically automated via cams alone. The first NC machines were built in the1940s and '50s,based on existing tools that were modified with motors that moved the controls to follow pointsfed into the system on paper tape. These early servomechanisms were rapidly augmented withanalog and digital computers, creating the modern computer numerical controlled (CNC)machine tools that have revolutionized the design process.In modern CNC systems, end-to-end component design is highly automated usingCAD /CAMprograms. The programs produce a computer file that is interpreted to extract thecommands needed to operate a particular machine, and then loaded into the CNC machines forproduction. Since any particular component might require the use of a number of different tools,
modern machines often combine multiple tools into a single “cell”
.
 
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Figure 1: CNC Milling MachineModern CNC milling differs little in concept from original model built at MIT in 1952.Mills typically consist of a table that moves in the Y-axis, and a tool chuck that moves in X andZ (depth). The position of the tool is driven by motors through a series of step-down gears inorder to provide highly accurate movements, or in modern design, direct-drive stepper motors.As the controller hardware evolved, the mills themselves also evolved. One change has been toenclose the entire mechanism in a large box as a safety measure, often with additional safetyinterlock to ensure the operator is far enough from the working piece for safe operation.Mechanical manual controls disappeared long ago. CNC like system are now used for anyprocess that can be described as a series of movement and operations. This include laser cutting,welding, friction stir welding ultrasonic welding, flame and plasma cutting, bending, spinning,pinning, gluing, fabric cutting, sewing, tape and fiber placement, routing, picking and placing(PnP), and sawing.

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