The first question is easily answered. The "Iranian threat" is overwhelmingly aWestern obsession, shared by Arab dictators, though not Arab populations. As numerous polls have shown, although citizens of Arab countries generallydislike Iran, they do not regard it as a very serious threat. Rather, theyperceive the threat to be Israel and the United States; and many, sometimesconsiderable majorities, regard Iranian nuclear weapons as a counter to thesethreats.In high places in the U.S., some concur with the Arab populations' perception,among them Gen. Lee Butler, former head of the Strategic Command. In 1998he said, "It is dangerous in the extreme that in the cauldron of animosities thatwe call the Middle East," one nation, Israel, should have a powerful nuclear weapons arsenal, which "inspires other nations to do so."Still more dangerous is the nuclear-deterrent strategy of which Butler was aleading designer for many years. Such a strategy, he wrote in 2002, is "aformula for unmitigated catastrophe," and he called on the United States andother nuclear powers to accept their commitment under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to make "good faith" efforts to eliminate the plagueof nuclear weapons.Nations have a legal obligation to pursue such efforts seriously, the WorldCourt ruled in 1996: "There exists an obligation to pursue in good faith andbring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all itsaspects under strict and effective international control." In 2002, George W.Bush's administration declared that the United States is not bound by theobligation. A large majority of the world appears to share Arab views on the Iranianthreat. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) has vigorously supported Iran'sright to enrich uranium, most recently at its summit meeting in Tehran last August.India, the most populous member of the NAM, has found ways to evade theonerous U.S. financial sanctions on Iran. Plans are proceeding to link Iran'sChabahar port, refurbished with Indian assistance, to Central Asia through Afghanistan. Trade relations are also reported to be increasing. Were it not for strong U.S. pressures, these natural relations would probably improvesubstantially.