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التحضير لمقابلة قبول الدكتوراة

التحضير لمقابلة قبول الدكتوراة

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Published by Shaker Ali

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Published by: Shaker Ali on Jan 14, 2013
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^b(M( KH]LT_KLU ^TL^JTJ]KFH E\KML
 
OFT ^FQK]KFHQ KH JAJMLIKJ
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UBJ] ]BL[ JTL CFFGKHE OFT 
]bltl kq hf uj{ }f ghfu q~lakokajcc{ ubj} j ekvlh oja|c}{ ilidlt cffgq oft ublh kh}ltvklukhe j `fdajhmkmj}l( K} ukcc vjt{ }tlilhmf|qc{ otfi ~ltqfh }f ~ltqfh( Bfulvlt# }bltl jtl j olu }bkheq }bj} jtlafiifh }f }bl fd`la}kvlq fo ijh{ oja|c}{ ilidltq0
 
Qfilfhl ubf ukcc ok} kh uk}b }bl a|ttlh} oja|c}{( ]bkq iljhq# lqqlh}kjcc{# qfilfhl ubf bjq efjcqjhm j}}k}|mlq }bj} jtl afi~j}kdcl uk}b f}blt ilidltq fo }bj} oja|c}{( Fo af|tql# }bkq jcqf khac|mlqelhltjc ~ltqfhjck}{( ^lf~cl ckgl }f bktl qfilfhl }bl{ uf|cm lh`f{ bjvkhe jtf|hm( ]bl{ mfh%} ujh}qfilfhl ubf kq |h~cljqjh} }f dl jtf|hm# qkhal }bl{ ij{ qll }bli mjkc{(
 
Qfilfhl ubf bjq j ~tfvlh }tjag tlaftm( ]bkq kq jh kmljc }bj} kq hf} jcuj{q ~fqqkdcl }f ill}# d|} ko {f| bjvl }ljabkhe lr~ltklhal# bjvl ~tlqlh}lm ~j~ltq j} afholtlhalq# bjvl tlclvjh} khm|q}t{lr~ltklhal# jhm bjvl ~|dckqblm fhl ft iftl ~j~ltq# ljab fo }blql ukcc blc~ {f| }f el} jhkh}ltvklu( ]blh# {f| ajh lr~la} i|ab fo {f|t kh}ltvklu }f ofa|q fh }blql k}liq# jq oja|c}{ilidltq }t{ }f ml}ltikhl ubl}blt }bfql lr~ltklhalq jtl vjc|jdcl jhm clek}kij}l(
 
Qfilfhl ubf kq jidk}kf|q( Olu oja|c}{ ilidltq ujh} }f bktl qfilfhl ubf kq cjp{( ]bl bjtmlt {f| uftg# }bl iftl {f| ukcc afh}tkd|}l }f }blkt ~tfetji(
 
Qfilfhl ubf ukcc q}j{ oft qlvltjc {ljtq( Bktkhe hlu oja|c}{ kq j }kil)afhq|ikhe jhm }ktkhe ~tfalqq# qf hf fhl ujh}q }f bktl j ~ltqfh ubf ukcc cljvl jo}lt fhc{ : ft 4 {ljtq( Kh jmmk}kfh# i|abfo j oja|c}{ ilidlt%q vjc|l }f j ml~jt}ilh} afilq fhc{ jo}lt j olu {ljtq lr~ltklhal# qf }bl{ mfh%}ujh} }f cfql {f| dloftl {f| ijgl {f| etlj}lq} afh}tkd|}kfhq(
 
Qfilfhl ubf ajh lralc j}
df}b
}ljabkhe jhm tlqljtab( Lvlh ~tfetjiq }bj} ~cjal etlj}lt ulkeb} fhfhl }bjh }bl f}blt }lhm }f ujh} oja|c}{ ubf ajh mf df}b(
 
Qfilfhl ubf kq kh}ltlq}lm kh
df}b
}ljabkhe jhm tlqljtab( Kh f}blt uftmq# {f| mfh%} ujh} }f }jcg jdf|} fhl }f }bl lrac|qkfh fo }bl f}blt(
 
Qfilfhl ubf kq kh}lcckelh} jhm jmj~}jdcl( Ko jhf}blt oja|c}{ ilidlt dlafilq kcc ft cljvlq# k} kqki~ft}jh} }f bjvl f}bltq ubf ajh q}l~ kh jhm afvlt }blkt acjqqlq# lvlh ko }bfql acjqqlq jtl hf} kh{f|t jtlj fo lr~lt}kql(
 
Qfilfhl ubf bjq ml~}b "~jt}ka|cjt lr~lt}kql+ jq ulcc jq dtljm}b "elhltjc ghfuclmel fo }bl oklcm+([f|t ml~}b# }{~kajcc{# kq kh }bl jtlj fo {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh( D|} {f| i|q} ghfu iftl }bjh `|q} }bj}fhl jtlj "l(e(# ilmkj+( Qfil oja|c}{ ilidltq ij{ lvlh jqg z|lq}kfhq mlqkehlm }f ml}ltikhlubl}blt {f| bjvl ghfuclmel&kh}ltlq}q f|}qkml fo }bl oklcm(
 
Qfilfhl ubf bjq j qfckm lm|aj}kfh( Oft lrji~cl# oja|c}{ ubf jtl z|jh}k}j}kvlc{ ftklh}lm ij{z|kp {f| jdf|} q}j}kq}kaq jhm tlqljtab il}bfmq }f lhq|tl }bj} {f| bjvl q|ookaklh} lr~lt}kql kh }bfqljtljq }f mf ~|dckqbjdcl tlqljtab(
UBJ] [F\ QBF\CM LR^LA]
Jc}bf|eb }bltl jtl qfil vjtkj}kfhq kh }bl bktkhe ~tfalqq# k} kq ojktc{ q}jhmjtmkplm( ]bl ofccfukhe qbf|cmekvl {f| jh kmlj fo ubj} }f lr~la}(
 
[f| i|q} j~~c{ }f ~tfetjiq d{ q|dik}}khe {f|t a|ttka|c|i vk}jl jhm ~tfdjdc{ 1 cl}}ltq fo tlafiilhmj}kfh( J~~c{ }f qlvltjc# jhm mfh%} lrac|ml qabffcq }bj} {f|
}bkhg 
{f| ~tfdjdc{uf|cmh%} ckgl# dlaj|ql {f| ij{ dl q|t~tkqlm( Fh }bl f}blt bjhm# ko {f| jtl alt}jkh {f| uf|cmhf} jaal~} jh foolt otfi j ~jt}ka|cjt qabffc# mfh%} ujq}l }blkt }kil d{ j~~c{khe(
 
 
« :;;< ]tkhj Qlef jhm @lo K( Tkabjtmq
\hkvltqk}{ fo ]lrjq j} J|q}kh b}}~0&&uuu(|}lrjq(lm|4
 
Ifq} ~tfetjiq ukcc tlalkvl qlvltjc j~~ckaj}kfhq# }blh }bl{ ukcc qft} }btf|eb }bli cffgkhe oft ajhmkmj}lq }bj} qlli }f ill} }blkt ~jt}ka|cjt hllmq(
 
Ko }bl{ mlakml }f kh}ltvklu {f|# {f| ukcc tlalkvl j ajcc otfi qfilfhl "|q|jcc{ }bl ml~jt}ilh}abjkt ft qljtab afiik}}ll abjkt+ khvk}khe {f| oft j vkqk}(
 
[f| ukcc ~tfdjdc{ dl jqglm }f ~j{ oft lvlt{}bkhe# jhm }blh }f q|dik} {f|t tlalk~}q }f }bli oft tlkid|tqlilh}( ]bkq iljhq }bj} {f|%m dl}}lt qjvl tffi fh {f|t atlmk} ajtm# dlaj|ql {f| ij{hllm }f ~j{ oft jktojtl jhm bf}lc oft lvlt{ fhl fo {f|t kh}ltvkluq( Jhm k} kq hf} |hafiifh oft j qabffc }f }jgl j ifh}b ft iftl }f tlkid|tql {f|( ]bkq iljhq }bj} ko {f| bjvl of|t kh}ltvkluq kh }bl qjil ifh}b# {f| ij{ hllm lhf|eb atlmk} }f ~j{ oft jcc fo }bli dloftl {f|tlalkvl tlkid|tqlilh} otfi }bl oktq} fhl(
 
]bl{ ~tfdjdc{ ukcc qlhm {f| jh k}khltjt{# qbfukhe {f|t qablm|cl oft }bl vkqk}( Lr~la} j vlt{o|cc qablm|cl( \q|jcc{ {f| jtl khvk}lm oft : ft : :&4 mj{q fo kh}ltvklukhe# jhm {f|%cc bjvlqfil}bkhe qablm|clm vkt}|jcc{ lvlt{ ikh|}l fo }bj} }kil(
 
Lvlh {f|t iljcq ukcc ckglc{ dl uk}b oja|c}{ ilidltq ubf jtl# lk}blt oftijcc{ ft khoftijcc{#kh}ltvklukhe {f|(
 
Qfilfhl "lk}blt j oja|c}{ ilidlt ft j etjm|j}l q}|mlh}+ ~tfdjdc{ ukcc ~kag {f| |~ j} }bljkt~ft} jhm lqaft} {f| }f {f|t bf}lc( M|tkhe }bl tkml }bl{ ij{ khoftijcc{ kh}ltvklu {f|(
 
Fhl fo {f|t j~~fkh}ilh}q ukcc hftijcc{ dl uk}b }bl Mljh fo }bl afcclel kh ubkab {f|kh}ltvklu(
 
[f| ukcc dl kh}ltvklulm d{ ifq}# ko hf} jcc# fo }bl oja|c}{ kh }bl ml~jt}ilh}# ~tfdjdc{ fhl j} j}kil( Ul |q|jcc{ qablm|cl j} cljq} 1> ikh|}lq uk}b ljab oja|c}{ ilidlt(
 
Ko {f|%m ckgl }f ill} qfilfhl f|}qkml }bj} ml~jt}ilh} "l(e(# dlaj|ql {f| ikeb} dl jdcl }f mfqfil `fkh} tlqljtab uk}b }bli+# dl q|tl }f }lcc {f|t afh}ja} "l(e(# }bl ml~jt}ilh} abjkt+ kh }blullgq dloftl {f| ef oft {f|t kh}ltvklu( Mfh%} ujk} |h}kc }bl cjq} ikh|}l(
 
Kh ifq} khq}jhalq {f| ukcc dl tlz|ktlm }f ijgl j ~tlqlh}j}kfh fo {f|t tlqljtab "|q|jcc{ {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh tlqljtab+( ]bkq ij{ dl j ~tlqlh}j}kfh }f jcc fo }bl oja|c}{# ft k} ij{ lvlh dl f~lh}f f}bltq ubf ujh} }f bljt k}(
 
Qfil qabffcq jqg ajhmkmj}lq }f }ljab j acjqq kh ckl| fo# ft kh jmmk}kfh }f# }bl tlqljtab ~tlqlh}j}kfh(
BFU ]F ^TL^JTL
]bltl jtl j olu q}l~q {f| ajh }jgl kh ~tl~jtj}kfh oft {f|t kh}ltvkluq0
 
Ublh ajhmkmj}lq kh}ltvklu uk}b f|t fuh oja|c}{# j}}lhm }blkt ~tlqlh}j}kfh( ]bkq kq }bl qkhecl ifq}vjc|jdcl q}l~ {f| ajh }jgl kh ~tl~jtj}kfh oft {f|t fuh kh}ltvklu# dlaj|ql {f| ajh qll ubj} }bl{mf tkeb}&utfhe jhm }bl z|lq}kfhq }bj} jtl jqglm(
 
]t{ }f ijgl qkehkokajh} ~tfetlqq fh {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh dloftl {f| dlekh kh}ltvklukhe( J ajhmkmj}lubf kq ojt}blt jcfhe kq jcifq} jcuj{q iftl ki~tlqqkvl( Ko {f| jtl kh }bl ~tf~fqjc q}jel jhm {f| jtlafi~l}khe jejkhq} qfilfhl ubf jctljm{ bjq afccla}lm mj}j# {f| jtl j} jh khbltlh} mkqjmvjh}jel(
 
J}}lhm mkqak~ckhjt{ afholtlhalq jhm el} }f ghfu ~lf~cl( Lvlh ko {f| bjvl j af|~cl fo {ljtq dloftl{f| q}jt} qljtabkhe oft {f|t `fd# ~lf~cl ij{ }jgl hf}kal fo {f| jhm uj}ab {f|t ~tfetlqq uk}b jhl{l }fujtm bktkhe {f|(
 
Ef }btf|eb }bl kh}ltvklukhe ~tfalqq j} }bfql afholtlhalq(
 
Ef }btf|eb }bl kh}ltvklukhe ~tfalqq j} }bl afholtlhal# ubl}blt ft hf} {f| mlqktl j `fd kh jq~lakoka ml~jt}ilh}( ]bkq kq lralcclh} ~tja}kal# qfil ~tfetjiq mf kh}ltvklu ajhmkmj}lq }bltl# jhm{f| ikeb} okhm j ~fqk}kfh }bj} tljcc{ kh}ltlq}q {f|(
 
^tl~jtl {f|t ~tlqlh}j}kfh ajtlo|cc{()
 
Okhm f|} bfu cfhe {f| ukcc bjvl( J afiifh clhe}b fo }kil kq fhl bf|t# d|} }bj} khac|mlq }kiloft z|lq}kfhq( Afhqlz|lh}c{# {f|t ~tlqlh}j}kfh ikeb} dl 1> ) => ikh|}lq( [f|t afh}ja} "l(e(#}bl ml~jt}ilh} abjkt+ qbf|cm dl jdcl }f ekvl {f| qfil kmlj bfu cfhe k} qbf|cm dl()
 
^cjh k} qf k} ufh%} ef fvlt }bl jccf}}lm }kil( Djm ~cjhhkhe ajh tlq|c} kh ~lf~cl hf} dlkhe jdcl}f jqg }bl z|lq}kfhq }bl{ ujh}# ft lvlh ikqqkhe qfil}bkhe }bj} af|cm blc~ }f afhvkhal }bli }fbktl {f|(
 
 
« :;;< ]tkhj Qlef jhm @lo K( Tkabjtmq
\hkvltqk}{ fo ]lrjq j} J|q}kh b}}~0&&uuu(|}lrjq(lm|1
)
 
Ijgl k} ljq{ }f |hmltq}jhm( Tlilidlt }bj} {f| "qbf|cm+ ghfu }bl q|d`la} ij}}lt fo {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh dl}}lt }bjh jh{fhl lcql# qf mfh%} jqq|il }bj} {f|t j|mklhal ukcc ghfu lvlt{}bkhe{f| mf jdf|} }bl }f~ka( Mlokhl {f|t }ltiq# lr~cjkh }bl djqkaq fo }bl }blftl}kajc djqkq fo {f|t q}|m{# qbfu }bli ubj} ~tlvkf|q tlqljtabltq bjvl of|hm# jhm bfu {f|t q}|m{ jmmq }f }bj}ghfuclmel( Ijgl k} qki~cl# d|} hf} afhmlqalhmkhe()
 
Q~lhm iftl }kil fh ubj}
 {f|
jtl mfkhe# }bjh {f| q~lhm mkqa|qqkhe ubj} bjq dllh mfhl kh }bl ~jq}()
 
Kh fhc{ 1> ikh|}lq {f| ajh%} ~fqqkdc{ afvlt lvlt{}bkhe }bj} kq kh {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh# qftlilidlt }bj} ubj} {f| jtl ~tlqlh}khe kq j
 q|iijt{
( Bk} fhc{ }bl bkeb ~fkh}q()
 
Dl q~lakoka( Ekvl ~clh}{ fo ml}jkc jdf|} {f|t qji~ckhe# z|lq}kfhhjktlq# lr~ltkilh}jcmlqkeh# jhjc{}kajc il}bfmq# l}a(
 )
 
\ql ~clh}{ fo vkq|jcq# jhm gll~ }bli acljt jhm qki~cl( ^|} jcc fo {f|t gl{ ~fkh}q fhvkq|jcq# jcfhe uk}b jh{ abjt}q# l}a(# }bj} ukcc blc~ }bli }f |hmltq}jhm ubj} {f| jtlmfkhe( Ko {f| ukcc hllm alt}jkh lz|k~ilh}# q|ab jq j qckml ~tf`la}ft ft vkmlf}j~lijabkhl# dl q|tl }f cl} }bli ghfu ulcc kh jmvjhal(
 )
 
Ghfu lrja}c{ ubj} {f| kh}lhm }f qj{# jhm ublh {f| ukcc qj{ k}( Bjvl {f|t ~tlqlh}j}kfhjdqfc|}lc{ ftejhkplm( Mfh%} }t{ }f bjhmcl k} fh }bl oc{( J mkqftejhkplm ft jugujtmftejhkpj}kfh kq hf} ki~tlqqkvl(
 )
 
Ghfu ~tlakqlc{ bfu {f| ukcc bjhmcl {f|t vkq|jcq# jhm ublh {f| ukcc qbfu }bli( Jejkh#{f| ujh} }f jvfkm }bl j~~ljtjhal fo dlkhe mkqftejhkplm(
 )
 
^tja}kal# ~tja}kal# ~tja}kal( ]bkq qbf|cm dl }bl qiff}blq} cla}|tl {f|%vl lvlt ekvlh(Oja|c}{ ilidltq ukcc dl uj}abkhe {f|t ~tlqlh}j}kfh uk}b jh l{l }fujtm jqqlqqkhe {f|tjdkck}{ }f }ljab(
 
Ekvl j dtfuh dje ~tlqlh}j}kfh fo {f|t cla}|tl kh {f|t ml~jt}ilh}# dloftl {f| mf k} j} jh{ f}blt qabffc( ]bkq hf} fhc{ ukcc jccfu {f| qfil jmmk}kfhjc ~tja}kal# k} ukcc ~ltik} {f| }f fd}jkh qfilollmdjag otfi j $otklhmc{$ j|mklhal( [f| ij{ okhm }bj} {f| ujh} }f ijgl j olu jm`|q}ilh}q jq jtlq|c} fo }bj} ollmdjag(
 
Tljm }btf|eb jhm }bkhg jdf|} ljab fo }bl z|lq}kfhq f|}ckhlm kh }bl hlr} qla}kfhq# dloftl {f| ef fh{f|t oktq} kh}ltvklu(
QFIL Z\LQ]KFHQ [F\ QBF\CM LR^LA]
K} kq hf} |hafiifh oft ajhmkmj}lq qllgkhe oja|c}{ ~fqk}kfhq }f dl jqglm jh{ ft jcc fo }bl z|lq}kfhq ckq}lm dlcfu( ]bkhg jdf|} ljab fo }blql dloftl {f| ef }f {f|t oktq} kh}ltvklu# qf {f| ukcc dl ~tl~jtlm uk}b jafelh} jhm j~~tf~tkj}l jhqult(
 
Ub{ mf {f| ujh} }f afil }f W}bkq qabffcY6
 
]lcc il jdf|} {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh(
 
Bfu ojt jcfhe kq {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh6
 
Ublh mf {f| lr~la} }f mlolhm {f|t mkqqlt}j}kfh6
 
Ubj} acjqqlq mf {f| ckgl }f }ljab6
 
Ubj} jtl }bl q}tlhe}bq&uljghlqqlq fo {f| ^b(M( ~tfetji6
 
Ubj} mf {f| }bkhg fo f|t a|ttka|c|i6
 
Mf {f| ghfu# ft ubj} mf {f| }bkhg fo# Wj q~lakoka ~tfolqqftY j} }bkq \hkvltqk}{6
 
Ubj} mf {f| }bkhg fo z|jck}j}kvl&z|jh}k}j}kvl tlqljtab6
 
]lcc il jdf|} {f|t }ljabkhe }labhkz|lq "l(e(# etf|~ ~tf`la}q# ajql il}bfm# l}a(+(
 
Bfu uf|cm {f| }ljab Wj q~lakoka acjqq# l(e(# ilmkjY6
 
Jtl {f| kh}ltlq}lm kh uftgkhe uk}b }bl WJajmlikaY Ac|d "ft }jgkhe j }lji }f }bl WJajmlikaYAfi~l}k}kfh+6
 
Ubj} q~lakoka kmljq mf {f| bjvl oft ki~tfvkhe f|t WJajmlikaY Ac|d6
 
Ubj} mf {f| }bkhg fo $Kh}letj}lm Ijtgl}khe Afii|hkaj}kfhq$ "ft Kh}ltja}kvl Ilmkj# ft jh{a|ttlh} $bf}$ }f~ka kh {f|t mkqak~ckhl+6
 
Ubj} kq {f|t ojvftk}l cla}|tl# jhm ub{6
 
Ubj} tlqljtab mf {f| ujh} }f mf kh }bl hlr} < {ljtq6

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