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PowerOpAmpDesigns Application Notes Library v1-0-1

PowerOpAmpDesigns Application Notes Library v1-0-1

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Published by michaelbrenden
application notes
application notes

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Published by: michaelbrenden on Feb 27, 2013
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Power Op Amp
 Application Notes Library
PowerAmp Design
Simple Power Op Amp Solutions
PowerAmp Design
3381 W Vision Dr
Tucson AZ 85742 USA
Tel 520 579-3441
Fax 208 279-5458
 Introduction to the Power Op Amp Application Library V1.0
Power Amp DesignMost electronic engineers today have had at least a little training withoperational amplifier circuits. College courses, for example, instruct us howto calculate gain and accuracy of many of the standard op amp circuits. Butpower op amp circuits are a little different. While power op amps operate onthe same principles as IC op amps, power op amp circuits are meant fordifferent applications. IC op amp circuits are mainly aimed at manipulatinganalog information whereas power op amps circuits usually are meant todrive transducers of some sort (motors, piezo elements, etc.). And while thecircuit basics are the same as IC op amps, power op amps have manyspecialized variations and circuit layout considerations.This compilation of the application notes from Power Amp Design expandon the individual model datasheets of our products and guide the engineerwith proven circuits and methods for successfully applying power op ampcircuits.
AN-10The Rail to Rail Advantage
Power Amp Design
Synopsis: Examples are given to illustrate the technical advantages for a power operational amplifier whose output voltage can closely approach the power supply voltages both for dual and single supply applications.Supporting calculations are given using a dedicated spreadsheet that can bedownloaded from the internet.
In recent years the small-signal monolithic rail to rail input, rail to railoutput, operational amplifier has become a mainstay in the arsenal of severalmanufacturers’ amplifier lines. These op amps go by the moniker of 
 RRIOop amps
and are usually powered by 5 volts. They can be operated with theinputs biased to either supply rail and the outputs can approximate the powersupply rails with light loading (micro-amps to a few milliamps). Theimpetus for this kind of design is simple enough: in many applications thefew volts of available supply voltage needs to result in the largest possibleoutput signal amplitude and not squandered on “drop from the rail” thatreduces the maximum peak to peak output signal that conventional op ampdesigns exhibit. The RRIO design can produce almost 5V
of usable outputsignal with only a 5V supply. Also, with an input common mode rangecapable of reaching the negative supply rail (ground, most often) theamplifier can be operated with a single (5V) supply.In the world of power op amps things are a little different. Power op ampsusually operate with much higher supply voltages, far more output currentand can deliver tens or hundreds of watts to a load. The impetus to design aRRIO power op amp is similar even though the supply voltages and outputcurrents are far greater than with its monolithic cousins.For a RRIO power op amp efficiency is the prime design motivator. Evenwhen power supply voltages are far higher than 5V the ability for the outputto swing very close to the supply voltage is important. Let’s look at anexample of the advantage of the model PAD117 RRIO power op amp fromPower Amp Design vs. a conventional power op amp design. ConsiderFigure 1below. To calculate critical parameters such as the amplifier’soutput transistor junction temperature and the amplifier’s case temperature

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