as it was historically called were taught the practice of writing and recordinginformation.Sumerians became skilled metallurgists as well; using copper to make tools and weapons by melting the mineral and pouring them into molds, soon after they were also fashioningthese implements with bronze; issuing in a new era, The Bronze Age. Besides writing andthe discovery of bronze, the Sumerians invented the wheel and could make clay pots and
vessels for storage by using the potter’s wheel as a fundamental tool. They were also making
two- and four-wheeled chariots and carts for the use in war, transportation and trade. The plow and seed drill is also accredited to the Sumerians which helped the agriculturaladvancements of the era.Sumerians can also be credited with the development of mathematics, used for elaborateirrigations systems, sophisticated measuring and surveying techniques and the unique art of map making. The lunar calendar which consisted of twelve months was invented by theSumerians for the use of calculating the seasons for agricultural needs. The practice of dividing time into multiples of sixty is also a credit to Sumerian innovation and ingenuitydue to the fact that
still used to this day. Not only part of our 30-day month thatcorresponds approximately with the phases of the moon but also the hour into 60 minutes,are which in turn divided into sixty seconds. Mathematics also helped the Sumeriansarchitects build domes and arches thousands of years before the Romans adopted theknowledge.