Seminar Report 2005 - 3 - Pixie Dust
1. BASICS OF MAGNETIC RECORDING
Read-Rite's recording heads are the miniaturized hearts of diskdrives and other magnetic storage devices. While they may appear to be simplecomponents, their design and manufacture require leading-edge capabilities indevice modeling, materials science, photolithography, vacuum depositionprocesses, ion beam etching, reliability testing, mechanical design, machining,air bearing design, tribology, and other critical skills. In general, recording headsfunction according to certain principles of magnetic recording which are baseddirectly on four magnetic phenomena:
An electric current produces a magnetic field.
Some materials are easily magnetized when placed in a weakmagnetic field. When the field is turned off, the material rapidlydemagnetizes. These are called
Soft Magnetic Materials
In some magnetically soft materials the electrical resistancechanges when the material is magnetized. The resistance goesback to its original value when the magnetizing field is turned off.This is called
or the MR Effect. GiantMagneto-Resistance, or the GMR Effect, is much larger than theMR Effect and is found in specific thin film materials systems.
Certain other materials are magnetized with difficulty (i.e., theyrequire a strong magnetic field), but once magnetized, they retaintheir magnetization when the field is turned off. These are called
Hard Magnetic Materials
Department of Computer Science College of Engineering, Kidangoor