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The Mentholation of Cigarettes: An Update for 2013

The Mentholation of Cigarettes: An Update for 2013

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This 38-page, peer-reviewed paper by Chris Coggins, Ph.D., assesses the long-term toxicological effects of cigarette mentholation on smokers and finds they are "very likely to be immaterial." By the American Council on Science and Health.
This 38-page, peer-reviewed paper by Chris Coggins, Ph.D., assesses the long-term toxicological effects of cigarette mentholation on smokers and finds they are "very likely to be immaterial." By the American Council on Science and Health.

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Published by: American Council on Science and Health on Mar 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2014

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1
TheMentholationofCigarettes:AnUpdatefor2013
ByChrisCoggins,Ph.D.
Principal,CarsonWattsConsulting
FortheAmericanCouncilonScienceandHealthMarch2013
AmericanCouncilonScienceandHealth
1995Broadway•NewYork,N.Y.•http://acsh.org•acsh@acsh.org
 
2
Peerreviewedby
GeoffreyC.Kabat,Ph.D.AlbertEinsteinCollegeofMedicineBronx,N.Y.
JoshuaE.Muscat,Ph.D.,M.P.H.DepartmentofPublicHealthSciencesPennsylvaniaStateUniversityHershey,Pa.JosephF.Borzelleca,Ph.D.MedicalCollegeofVirginiaRichmond,Va.KelleySt.Charles,Ph.D.St.CharlesConsultancyWinstonSalem,N.C.
 
3
ExecutiveSummary
Morethan30papershavebeenpublishedonthesubjectofmentholatedcigarettessincethetheAmericanCouncilonScienceandHealthlastreportedonthesubject,in2010.Asbefore,noattemptwasmadetoperformaformalassessmentof“causeandeffect”orevenasummary“weightoftheevidence”ofthenewpapers.Instead,asimpleanalysiswasmadeofthekeyfindingsofeachpaper,toseeiftherewereanycommonconclusionsthatcouldbedrawn.Thisupdateofthenewpapersshowsthattherecontinuetobeminimal(ifany)differencesbetweenthehealtheffectsofsmokingmentholatedandnon-mentholatedcigarettes.
 
Thestudiesreportedhereinthechemistrysectionhaveacommonconclusion,inthatnoneoftheworkshowsasignificanteffectofmentholationofcigarettes.
 
Thestudiesreportedhereintheepidemiologysectionhaveacommonconclusion,inthatnoneofthemshowanincreaseinriskforlungcancerasaresultofsmokingmentholatedversusnon-mentholatedcigarettes.Someofthestudiesindicateasmallbutstatisticallysignificantdecreaseinrisk.
 
Thestudiesreportedhereintheaddiction/cessation/youthsectionareinconsistent(thereisnocommonconclusion),inthatsomestudiesshowsomeeffectsofmentholation(suchasearlierinitiation),butotherstudiesdonot.Thedifferencesreportedaresmall.
 
Thestudiesreportedhereinthepharmacology/smokingbehaviorhaveacommonconclusion,inthatmostoftheworkshowsnosignificanteffectofmentholationofcigarettes.Overall,anylong-termtoxicologicaleffectsofcigarettementholationonsmokersare
verylikelytobeimmaterial.

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