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Latpandaung Copper Project Investigation Report burmese

Latpandaung Copper Project Investigation Report burmese

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Published by Jutta Pflueg
Latpandaung Copper Project Investigation Report 12032012 BURMESE
Latpandaung Copper Project Investigation Report 12032012 BURMESE

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Published by: Jutta Pflueg on Mar 15, 2013
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03/15/2013

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(Re-assessmentof EIA and SIA)
 
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21/ aumfr&Sifonfywf0ef;usifxdck  dufrItajctaeuk  dod&S  dEk  dif&efqmvfzsL&pf 
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aqG;aEG;cJ hMuygonf/ 23/ 2013 ckESpf? Zefe0g&Dv 9 &ufaeYrGef;vG  J16;30 em&DrS18;15 em&Dtxd vTwfawmf0if;(tk  dif-12)taqmif&S  d tpnf;ta0;cef;rwGifpk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&; aumfr&SifESif hjrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;ykdifvDrdwuf
(Myanmar Economic Holdings
Limited-MEHL)
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1/ pk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ q|rtBudrfajrmufpk  HnDtpnf;ta0; ud k2013 ckESpf? rwfv 11 &ufaeY13;00 em&DtcsdefwGifvTwfawmf0if; (tk  dif-12) taqmifwGifusif;ycJ hygonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGifvufyHawmif; awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;\ tNyD;owftpD&ifcHpmyg aumfr&SiftzG  J U\ vkyfaqmif  csufrsm;? awG U&S  dcsufrsm;? ok  H;oyfcsufrsm;ESif htBuHjyKcsufrsm;ESif hywfoufí
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(Myanmar Environment Institute-MEI)
enf;ynmuRrf;usifoltzG  J U
(Technical Experts
Team)
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jrefrmhywf0ef;usifodyH  ÜbufrS tzG  J Uacgif;aqmif a'gufwm0if;armifESih  ftwl 
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ta&;ay:avhvmtuJjzwfpdppfcsuf 
(Immediate Assessment of Letpadaung-
taung Copper Mining Project)
ESih  f pyfvsOf;í a*[pepf 
(Ecosystem-Flora& Fauna and Pollution of Air, Water, Sediment)(Existing Baseline Air Quality Status)
? vufyHawmif;awmifpDrHudef;tay: vlrI0ef;usif½IaxmifhrS 
qef;ppfjcif;?
(Immediate Cultural Impact Assessment)
?
(Project Development
and Environmental Management) (Environmental Science andEngineering)
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rsm;udkar;jref;aqG;aEG;&mwGif 
MEI
 
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wd k Yyg0ifNyD; pepfwuspDrHuGyfuJaqmif&GufcJ hMuaMumif; awG U&S  d&ygonf/ 29-11-
2012 &ufaeYrS 7-12-2012 &ufaeYtxdaq;½k  Hwufvlemaygif; 108 OD;
(oHCm 99 yg; + vl9 OD;)&S  dNyD; aq;½k  Hqif; ^ vT  Jajymif; vlemaygif; 79 OD; (oHCm 74 yg; + vl5 OD;)&S  dum vufusefvlemaygif; 30 OD; (oHCm 25 yg; + vl 
5 OD;)&S  daMumif; od&S  dcJ h&ygonf/ aemufqk  H;tajctaet& 2012 ckESpf? 'DZifbmv
31 &ufaeYwGif rEÅ av;&S  d aq;½k  Hrsm;ü wufa&mufukoaeonf h&[ef;^vl 
tm;vk  H; aq;½k  HrSqif;oG m;MuNyDjzpfaMumif; od&S  d&ygonf/ &efukefjynfol Yaq;½k  HBuD; wGifwufa&mufukoaeaom oHCmawmfrsm;onfvnf; aq;½k  HrSqif;oG m;MuNyD;
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usef&S  daeaom apwDESif hodrfausmif;wG  Jvsufudkvnf;aumif;? xd kae&m txuf 
atmufajcajrom;rsm; jzwfawmufcHxm;&aom awmifapmif;ESif hawmifay:wk  d YwGif 
avmavmq,fusef&S  daeao;aom apwDi,frsm;ud kvnf;aumif;? awmifajc&S  d 
wl;qGpkykHxm;aom ajrom;rsm;ESif ha&maESmaeaom aq;a&;yef;csDum; tyd kif;
tprsm;ESif hqGrf;cHoydwfa[mif;tcsKd Uud kvnf;aumif;? tjcm;aom Akomoedu
taqmufttk  Hrsm;? ypönf;rsm;ud kvnf;aumif; awG U&S  dcJh&onf/ 38/ 'kef;awmaus;&Gmaetdrf0if;wpfcktwGif;&S  dt0DpdwGif; (0g) >yefpd kufwGif;
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ta&mif? teH Y? t&omwkd YrSm yk  HrSefr[kwfbJtenf;i,fxl;jcm;aeaMumif;ud k  awG U&S  dcJ honf/ 39/ 'kef;awm? *kPfawmESif h&G momaus;&G mrsm;rSaus;&G mvlxkESif hawG Uqk  HNyD;
tjyeftvSefwifjyaqG;aEG;jcif;wk  d Yud kjyKvkyfaqG;aEG;Mu&mwGifvufyHawmif;awmif 
aMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;udkqufvufvkyfaqmifcJhygu-
(u) usef;rma&;apmifha&S mufrItjynfht0&&Sda&;twGufpepfwus
aqmif&Gufay;&ef?
(c) ajr,modrf;qnf;(ysufpD;)rIaMumif hjzpfay:vmaom tvkyftuk  dif 
tcGif htvrf; &S m;yg;rIjyóemtm; ajz&Sif;ay;&ef?
(*) qH k;½I  H;oG m;aomaomufoH k;a&ESif ha&t&if;tjrpf&S m;yg;rIjyóemtm;
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(p) "mwkaA'ypönf;rsm; ,kdpdrf hrIESif ha&'D,d k"mwf<uypönf;rsm;tm;
ywf0ef;usifrxdck  dufatmifpepfwus pDrHaqmif&Gufay;&ef?
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ajrESif heD;vGef;aom pGef YypfausmufyH ktvGeftrif;rjrif hrm;apa&; twGuftmrcHay;&ef?
(Z) txufazmfjyyg wifjycsufrsm;ud ktaumiftxnfazmfay;&efESif h 
rnfuJ hok  d Ytaumiftxnfazmfrnfud k &Sif;vif;ajzMum;ay;&ef/ 40/ tjcm;wpfzufwGiftu,fí vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;ud k&yfqk  dif;rnfqk  dygu- (u) qH k;½IH;oG m;aom v,f,majrrsm;tm; ukrÜPD(od k Yr[kwf)EkdifiHawmf 
tpk  d;&u e*d krlv pd kufysKd;ajrrsm;uJ hok  d Ypk  dufysKd;Ek  difaomajrjzpfatmif 
aqmif&Gufay;&ef?
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(*) usef;rma&;ESih  fywfoufí usef&Sdaom "mwkaA'ypönf;rsm;ESif h 
usef;rma&;xdck  dufEk  difaom ukPDoH k;ypönf;rsm;tm; pepfwus
&Sif;vif;z,f&S m;ay;&ef?
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jyKvkyfay;&ef?
(i) txufazmfjyyg wifjycsufrsm;ud ktaumiftxnfazmfay;&efESif h 
rnfuJ hod k Ytaumiftxnfazmfrnfud k &Sif;vif;ajzMum;ay;&ef/ 41/ aus;&G mvlxktaejzih  fyGifhvif;jrifomrIud k txl;tav;xm; awmif;qd k  MuaMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h&ygonf/
42/ 2012 ckESpf? 'DZifbmv 10 &ufaeYwGifpH kprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sifonf 
ausmf&G m? awmifyvl&G mESif hatmifcsrf;pnf&G m? 0g;wef;aus;&G mESif hwnfyifuef 
aus;&G mrsm;rSa'ocHaus;&G mvlxkESih  fawG UqH kcJ h&mwGifausmf&G monfvufyHawmif;
awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;ESif hteD;uyfqH k;wGif&S  daom &G mjzpfaomaMumif h,if;pDrH 
udef;ud k&yfqk  dif;apvd kaMumif;? rk  dif;cG  J'PfaMumif hoD;ES  HxGufEIef;avsmhenf;usqif;
oG m;aMumif;? arG;jrLa&;vkyfief;twGufpm;usufajr&S m;yg;vmaMumif;? tvkyf  tuk  diftcGif htvrf;&vQifvnf; þukPDuk  d rBudKufaMumif;? t"dutaejzih  f  rdrdwk  d Y\bk  d;bG m;yk  difajruk  dom vkyfukdifpm;aomufvk  daMumif;? Ek  difiHawmfpDrHudef;
jzpfí rjzpfraevkyf&rnfqk  dvQifrdom;pk\pm;0wfaea&;twGuftvkyftuk  dif  tcGih  ftvrf;rsm;uk  d&S mazGay;apvk  daMumif;? rdom;pkwpfpkrStvkyftuk  difwpfOD;
omru ESpfOD;txdcefYxm;ay;vQifyk  drkdí tqifajyrnfjzpfaMumif; wifjy awmif;qk  dMuygonf/
43/ atmifcsrf;pnf&G mrSa'ocHaus;&G mvlxkESih  fawG Uqk  H&mwGifawmawmifuk  d  trS  DjyKí aexk  dif&jcif;aMumih  fawmifuk  drysufapvkdaMumif;? v,f,majrrsm;uk  d 
rodrf;apvk  daMumif;? 0rfaygifukPDESih  f Ek  difiHawmf\oabmwlnDcsufrsm;uk  d 
od&S  dvk  daMumif;? omoedutaqmufttH kESih  ftxdrf;trSwfae&mrsm;uk  drysufpD; apvk  daMumif;? pDrHudef;rzsufodrf;bJqufvufvkyfaqmifygu obm0ywf0ef;usif  rxdck  dufatmifvkyfaqmifay;apvk  daMumif;ESih  fomoedutaqmufttH krysufpD; ap&efaqmif&Gufay;apvk  daMumif;? pDrHudef;uk  dzsufodrf;rnfqk  dygu ajr,may:
pGef Yypfajrrsm;uk  drnfok  d Y&Sif;vif;ay;rnfuk  dodvk  daMumif;? apwD? ykxk  d;wk  d Yuk  d 
rlvtwk  dif;jyKjyifay;&efESih  foydwfpcef;tm; tMurf;zufNzdKcGif;rIuk  dpk  Hprf;azmfxkwf
ay;apvk  daMumif; wifjyawmif;qk  dMuonfuk  dawG U&S  dcJ honf/
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taqmufttH krsm;uk  dvnf; Munf h½IavhvmcJ hMu&mwGif
Type A, Type B, TypeC
ESif h
Type D
[lí trsKd;tpm; 4 rsKd;cGJjcm;xm;onfuk  dawG U&S  d&onf/ ,if;
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ttH kESih  f aexk  difcJ hzl;olrsm; (aiGaMu;acsmifvnfolrsm;)u auseyfrIr&SdMubJ 
&G ma[mif;wGifaepOfu wJtdrfi,fESih  faexd kifcJ h&olrsm; (pD;yGm;a&; rajyvnf 
olrsm;) url&G mopfwGifopfom;tdrfESih  faexk k  dif&onfjzpfí ESpfNcdKufoabmus
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tjcm;tdrfaqmufypönf;rsm;ud koH k;pG  JcJhonf[ktrsm;pku rsufjrifoufao taxmuftxm;rsm;jzih  f wifjyonfud k awG U&Sd&onf/ &Gmopfod k Y ajymif;a&T U
rnfqk  dygu aMu;eDpDrHudef;wGiftenf;qH k; wpftdrfaxmifwpfa,mufEIef;jzih  f
tvkyf&rnf[kuwdu0wfjyKxm;cJ haomfvnf; vufawG UwGifrlxk  dod k Yr[kwfaMumif;
wifjyolrsm;vnf;&S  donfud k awG UcJ h&onf/
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awmif;cHcsuft& a'gufwmwifrsKd;0if;ESif h 
Dr.Mark Hampson (AustralianEmbassy Medical Clinic)
 
wd k YESpfOD;onfaumfr&SiftzG  J U0ifa'gufwmjrif hodef; ESih  ftwluHukef;aus;&G m&S  dokca0aq;cef;wGiftufppfxdí usef;rma&;xdcd kuf 
aMumif; oHo,&S  donh  fuav;i,fav;OD;\ a&m*ga0'emtajctaeud kyPmr prf;oyfppfaq;Munh  f½IMu&m tufppfaMumih  fjzpfonf ha&m*gvu©Pmrsm;r[kwf[k
rSwfcsufjyKMuaMumif; awGU&S  dcJ h&onf/ 47/ qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUe,f? uHukef;aus;&G mteD;&S  djrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yd kifvDrdwuf?
rk  d;BudK;qmvfzsL&pftufppfpuf½H konfjrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yd kifvDrdwuf\ puf½H kjzpf  aMumif;? pufrI0efBuD;Xme\ cGih  fjyKcsuf&,lxm;jcif;r&S  daMumif;? OD;yd kif\ pD;yG m;a&; vkyfief;wpfcktaejzih  fvkyfud kifaejcif;jzpfaMumif;? tjynfjynfqk  dif&m pHowfrSwf 
csuf vufrSwf
(International Organization for Standardization: ISO
Certifcate)
 
vnf; &,lxm;jcif;r&S  daMumif;? aMu;eDrk  dif;\ vk  dtyfcsufjzpfaom
98 &mcd kifEIef; qmvfzsL&pftufppfaeYpOfwef50 xGuf&S  daMumif;? puf½H kpDrHudef;ud k 
2006 ckESpfwGifpwifcJ hNyD; 19-4-2007 &ufaeYwGifpwifvnfywfxkwfvkyfcJh 
aMumif;? acgif;wk  difonfajrjyifrS131 ayjrih  fNyD; pGef YxkwfaomtaiG UwGifqmvfzm
'd kifatmufqd k'f
(SO
2
)
 
yg0ifrIud k 
150 ppm(parts per million)
 
xufrrsm;ap&ef owfrSwfxdef;csKyfpGef YxkwfaMumif;? 24 em&DpOfqufrjywfvnfywf&onh  f  tEÅ &m,f&d  Saom "mwkaA'ypönf;puf½H k 
(Hazardous Plant)
 
twef;tpm;tjzpfEk  difiHwumu owfrSwfxm;aMumif; puf½H krSL;\ &Sif;vif;wifjycsuft& od&S  dcJh  &onf/48/ qk  d&S,fvpftpd k;&vufxufwGifowåKwGif;0efBuD;Xmeonf,l*d kqvyf Ed kifiHrSenf;ynmESih  fpufypönf;ud&d,mrsm; 0,f,lNyD; pHy,fawmifESih  f aMu;pif
awmifowåKwGif;pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;udkwpfaeYwef 8000 us puf½k  Hwpf½kH  wnfaqmufum 1984 ckESpfrS pwifaqmif&GufcJhaMumif;? owåKyg0ifonf h ajrom;wl;azmfjcif;? BudwfcGJjcif;rsm; jyKvkyfNyD;aemuftjrKyfuyfoef Ypifonfh 
enf;pOf 
(Floatation Method)
jzif haqmif&GufcJ haMumif;? enf;ynmrS m;,Gif;jcif;?
acwfrDrIr&Sdjcif;wdkYaMumif h owåK½dkif;twGif;&S  d aMu;eDrsm;tm; ukefpifatmif  xkwf,lEkdifrIr&SdcJ haMumif;? &if;ES  D;ukefusp&dwfESifhxkwfvkyfrIp&dwfBuD;jrifhjcif;?
aMu;eDowåKpiftjzpfrxGuf&S  djcif;wk  d YaMumif htcsdefukef? aiGukeftusKd;tjrwfr&&S  d 
onf htwGuf pDrHudef;tm; 1998 ckESpfwGif&yfqk  dif;cJ haMumif; awG U&S  d&onf/ 49/ Ek  difiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESif hzG  H UNzdK;a&;aumifpD(wyfrawmftpd k;&)
vufxuf1998 ckESpfEk  d0ifbmvwGifowåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme? trSwf(1)owåKwGif;
vkyfief;ESif huae'gEk  difiH tk  difAif[d k;ukPDwk Y  dyl;aygif;NyD; jrefrm-tk  difAif[dk;
aMu;eDukPDvDrdwuf  pmrsufES m 5 aumfvH1 od k Y
q
 t*F g? rwf12? 2013
 
q
pmrsufES m 4 rS
(Myanmar Ivanhoe Company Copper Limited- MICCL)
trnfjzif h50;50
tusKd;wlzufpyfpepf 
(Joint Venture Agreement)
jzif hpmcsKyfcsKyfqk  dí pHy,fawmif  ESif haMu;pifawmifowåKwGif; pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;ud kqufvufaqmif&GufcJ haMumif;? ,if;uJ hod k Yaqmif&Guf&mwGif[if;vif;yGif hpepf 
(Open Pit)
jzif howåKwl;azmfNyD; xGuf&S  dvmaom owåK½d kif;rsm;ud kpkyk  Hí qmvfzsL&pftufppfaysmhjzif hyufzsef;um xGuf&S  dvmonf haumhyg;qmvzdwft&nfrsm;ud k 
Electrolite
 
enf;pOfjzif haMu;eD  owåKpifrsm; (99 'or 99 &mcd kifEIef; xdyg0if ) xkwfvkyfonf hpepfjzif h2010ckESpf?
'DZifbmvtxdaqmif&GufcJ haMumif; awG U&S  dcJ honf/
50/ trSwf(1)owåKwGif;vkyfief;ESif h tk  difAif[d kukPDxHrStpk&S,f,mrsm;
vT  Jajymif;0,f,lNyD; jrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yd kifvDrdwuf 
(Myanmar Economic HoldingsLimited - MEHL)
ESif hjrefrm-,efpDaumhyg;vDrdwuf 
(Myanmar Yang TseCopper Limited-MYTCL)
wd k YonfxkwfvkyfrItay: tusKd;tjrwfcG  Ja0cHpm; onf hpepf 
(Production Sharing Contract-PSC)
jzifhpmcsKyfud k2010 ckESpf? ZGefv 3 &ufaeYwGifpmcsKyfcsKyfqk  dNyD; pHy,fawmifESif haMu;pifawmifowåKwGif; pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;ud kqufvufaqmif&Gufvsuf&S  daMumif; awGU&S  dcJ honf/ 51/ pHy,fawmifESifhaMu;pifawmifowåKwGif;pDrHudef;{&d,monf6253 'or 04 {u&S  dNyD; owåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme\ cGif hjyKrdef Yjzif h"mwfowåKtBuD;pm; wl;azmfxkwfvkyfcGif h&&S  dxm;aMumif;? 1997 ckESpf? Ek  d0ifbmvrSpí ESpf30 ESpf&Snf 
ajriS m;*&ef&&S  dNyD;jzpfaMumif;awG U&Sd&onf/ xd k YtjyifjrefrmEk  difiH&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrI 
aumfr&Sif\ 18-3-2011 &ufpG  Jyg Ek  difiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrIqkdif&m cGif hjyKrdef YtrSwf 
(461^2011)ud k&&S  dxm;NyD;
Yang Tse Copper Limited
 
rSEk  difiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrI  tar&duefa':vm 396 'or 377 oef;ud k&mEIef;jynf h&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrnfjzpfaMumif;
awG U&S  dcJ honf/
52/ vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef;{&d,monf7867 'or
78 {u&S  dNyD; owåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme\ 5-3-2010 &ufpG  Jyg cGifhjyKrdef YtrSwf 
(0003^2010)jzif h "mwfowåKtBuD;pm; wl;azmfxkwfvkyfcGif h&&S  dxm;aMumif;?
2012 ckESpf? pufwifbmvrSpí ESpf60 ajriSm;*&rf&&S  dNyD;jzpfaMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h  onf/ xk  d YtjyifjrefrmEk  difiH&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrIaumfr&Sif\ 5-5-2010 &ufpJ  Gyg
Ed kifiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrIqd kif&m cGif hjyKrdef YtrSwf(438^2010) ud k&&S  dxm;NyD;
Wanbao
Mining Limited
 
u Ek  difiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrItar&duefa':vm 997 oef;ud k 
&mEIef;jynf h&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrnfjzpfaMumif;? xkwfvkyfrItay: tusKd;tjrwfcJ  Ga0cHpm;
onf hpepf 
(Production Sharing Contract-PSC)
 
jzif hpmcsKyfcsKyfqk  dNyD; vufyH  awmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;ud kaqmif&GufoG m;rnfjzpf  aMumif; awG U&S  dcJhonf/ 53/ vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef; {&d,mtwGif;&d  Saus;&G m
4 &G m jzpfaom 0ufarS;? uHawm? qnfwnf;ESif hZD;awmaus;&G mrsm;rSaus;&G mopfod k Y 
a&T Uajymif;NyD;pD;rItajctaerS m pkpkaygif; &S  d&if; 441 tdrfteuf218 tdrfa&T U
ajymif;NyD; 223 tdrf usef&Sdaeao;aMumif;? &S  d&if;bkef;awmfBuD; ausmif; 5
ausmif; teuf3 ausmif;a&T Uajymif;NyD; 2 ausmif; usefaeao;aMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h
onf/
54/ 2001 ckESpf? ve-39 t& vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef; e,fajrwGifodrf;qnf;ajr{&d,mpkpkaygif; 7867 'or 78 {uteufv,f,m pd kufysKd;ajr 5057 'or 00 {u&S  daMumif; awG U&S  d&ygonf/ 5-4-2011 &ufaeYrS 
25-7-2012 &ufaeYtxdajravsmfaMu;ay;NyD;aom {&d,mrS m OD;yk  difrayguf aomfvnf; pd kufysKd;xm;ajr 1727 {u tygt0if6784 {u&S  daMumif; awG U&S  d  cJ h&onf/
55/ aus;&G mopfod k Yajymif;a&T Uolrsm;tm;
Wanbao Mining Limited
u aus;&G m
a[mif;wGif aexkdifcJhaom aetdrftrsKd;tpm;tvkduf taqmufttkH\
wpfpwk&ef;ayEIef;xm;jzif hwGufcsufxm;aom taqmufttk  HysufpD;rIepfemaMu; rsm;uk  d(tenf;qk  H; 35000 usyfrStrsm;qk  H;usyf10 odef;txd ) axmufyH hay;jcif;? aus;&G mopf&S  daetdrfrsm;wGifvk  dtyfcsufrsm;&S  dygu pdwfwk  dif;us jyifqifxdef;odrf;
Ek  dif&eftdrftrsKd;tpm;tvk  duf 
A-Type
 
10 odef;?
B-Type
 
8 odef;?
C-Type
 
6odef;ESif h 
D-Type
 
4 odef; EIef;rsm;jzif h axmufyH haiGrsm; ay;tyfjcif;? tjcm; vk  dtyfcsufrsm; yH hyd k;ay;jcif;wk  d Yud kaqmif&GufcJ haMumif; od&S  dcJ h&onf/
56/ pHy,fawmifESif haMu;pifawmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;\ vkyfom;tiftm;rS m Ek  difiHjcm;om;ynm&Sif6 OD;? jrefrm0efxrf; 1439 OD;jzpfNyD; vufyHawmif;awmif owåKwGif;vkyfom;tiftm;rSm Ek  difiHjcm;om;ynm&Sif169 OD;ESif hjrefrm0efxrf;
660 OD;jzpfaMumif;? topfcef Yxm;rnfhtif*sifeD,mbJ  GU&rsm;ESif htjcm;bJG U& 
jrefrm0efxrf;rsm; 128 OD;tm; 24-9-2012 rSpwifí vkyfief;cGiftajccH9 v
oifwef; oifMum;yd k Ycsvsuf&SdNyD; oifwef;umvtwGif; taqmifüaexk  difapNyD;
pm;aomufp&dwfESif htaxGaxGp&dwftwGufwpfOD;vQifaiGusyf1 odef;EIef;
axmufyH hay;aMumif;? a&T Uajymif;cH&aom aus;&G m 4 &G mESif hpDrHudef;teD;ywf0ef;usif  aus;&G mrsm;rS&G mol&G mom;rsm;tm; pDrHudef;0efxrf;tjzpfcef Yxm;ay;NyD; vkyfief;
cGifvufawG UoifMum;ay;jcif;aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif;? vufyHawmif;awmif
aMu;eDowåKwGif;onfowåKwGif;xlaxmifrIumvjzpfNyD; wnfaqmufrIvkyfief;rsm;
aqmif&Gufae&í Ek  difiHjcm;om;ynm&SifOD;a& rsm;jym;aejcif;jzpfaMumif;?
xkwfvkyfrIvkyfief;pwifonfESif hjrefrm0efxrf;rsm;tpm;xk  d;í Ek  difiHjcm;om; tiftm;tenf;qk  H;jzif h qufvufaqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&S  d&onf/
57/ jrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yd kifvDrdwuf 
Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited-
MEHL
ESif h 
Myanmar Wanbao Mining Copper Limited-MWMCL
 
wk  dYu
toHrpJr[my|mef;&GwfzwfylaZmfyG  Jusif;yjcif;? awmifMum;ausmif;wk  dufy|mef;
odrf;atmifyG  Jtcrf;tem;usif;yjcif;? a&ab;oih  fa'ocHrsm;twGuf tvSLaiG 
ay;tyfjcif;? 0ufarS;-uHawmaus;&G mopfwGifausmif;ok  H;pmtkyfrsm;? ausmif; 0wfpk  Hrsm;ESif h ausmif;okH;AD½kdrsm; vSL'gef;jcif;? &G mom&Gm? ,rm;acsmif;wmaygif 
jyKjyifaqmif&Gufay;jcif;? &G mom-a&Tyef;ck  difvrf; aqmufvkyfay;jcif;? om,mukef;
&GmwHwm;? rkd;BudK;jyif&Gmqnf jyKjyifaqmif&Gufay;jcif;? azmif;um;&Gmqnf 
jyKjyifay;jcif;? vufyHawmif;aus;&G m&S  daq;ay;cef;ESif hpmMunf hwk  dufa&S Uajrae&mtm; puf,EÅ &m;rsm;jzif hjyKjyifulnDay;jcif;ESif h2011 ckESpftwGif; rk  d;&G moGef;rIaMumif h 
usKd;aygufoGm;aom qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUv,f&S  dtrsm;ok  H;a&uefBuD; jyefvnfjyK  jyifrItm; puf,EÅ &m;rsm;jzifhulnDaqmif&Gufay;jcif;? uHukef;aus;&G mwGif 
aomufok  H;a&twGuft0DpdwGif;ESif htkwfa&uefwl;azmfvSL'gef;jcif;? aomufa&  twGufa&oef YpufvSL'gef;jcif; ponfwk  d Yud kaqmif&Gufay;cJ haMumif; od&S  dcJ h&onf/
58/ aMu;eDxkwfvkyfrIpGrf;&nftaejzif hpHy,fawmif? pHy,fawmif(awmif )
ESif haMu;pifawmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;wk  d YrS2011 ckESpfrS2015 ckESpftxdwpfESpfvQif 
wefcsdef25000 ESif h 2015 ckESpfrSpwifí wpfESpfvQifwefcsdef39000 xkwfvkyf&efuk  dvnf;aumif;? vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;rS 
wpfESpfvQifwefcsdef100000 xkwfvkyf&efuk  dvnf;aumif; &nfrSef;xm;aMumif;
od&SdcJ h&onf/
59/ pHy,fawmif? pHy,fawmif(awmif)rS aMu;eDowåKpifxkwfvkyfrIrSm
jrefrm-tk  difAif[k  daMu;eDukPDvDrdwuf 
(Myanmar Ivanhoe Copper CompanyLimited - MICCL)
\ xkwfvkyfrIvkyfief;rsm;ud k 
(Cut-off Date)
tjzpfowfrSwf 
xm;onf h31-12-2010 &ufaeYaemufyk  dif;wGifjrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yd kifvDrdwuf 
Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited- MEHL
 
ESif h
(Wanbao Mining
Limited)
\ ukPDcG  Jjzpfaom
(Myanmar Yang Tse Copper Co., Ltd.)
wk  d Yu
wm0ef,laqmif&Gufvsuf&S  daMumif;? xkwfvkyfrItwGuft"duvk  dtyfvsuf&S  donf h 
(Diluent,HSD, Sulphuric Acid)
ESif h
(Explosive)
rsm;ud k tjrefjznf hqnf;
aqmif&GufNyD; xkwfvkyfrIvkyfief;rsm; pwifcJ h&m 5-2-2011 &ufaeYrSpwifNyD;
aMu;eDow¬Kpif
(Cathode Copper)
rsm; pwifxGuf&S  dcJ haMumif;? 2011 ckESpf? azazmf 
0g&DvrS 2012 ckESpf? Ek  d0ifbmvukeftxdpkpkaygif;
(Cathode Copper)
22174'or 11 wefxkwfvkyfNyD;jzpfaMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h&onf/ 60/ aMu;eDowåKpif xkwfvkyfrIjzpfpOf 
(Production Process)
uk  d vufawG U
uGif;qif;avhvmMunf h½I&mwGif 
(Mining)
?
(Crushing)
?
(Screening)
?
(Heap
Leaching)
?
(Solvent Extraction)
?
(Electro-wining)
 
ponf hvkyfief;tqih  fqih  f  yg0ifaMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h&onf/ xk  d YjyifaMu;eDow¬KpifxkwfvkyfrIjzpfpOfwGiftok  H;
jyK&aom ukefMurf;ypönf;trsKd;rsKd; (a&ESih  fajrausmuf? tpk  diftcJponf )wk  d YrS m xkwfvkyfrIjzpfpOfpepf 
(Production Processing System)
twGif;rStjyifok  d Y 
pGef Yxkwfypf&efrvk  dbJþpepftwGif;rS myiftzefwvJvJjyefvnftok  H;jyKEd kifaom
(Zero Discharge Process)
 
jzpfaMumif; awG U&S  d&onf/
61/ rk  dif;NrdKU
(Mine Town)
 
(vkyfom;NrdKU)&S  djynfol Yaq;½k  Honfckwif25 vk  H;qh  H 
aq;½k  Hwpf½k  HjzpfNyD; taxGaxGa&m*gukq&m0ef4 OD;? oG m;q&m0ef1 OD;? olemjyKq&mr 6 OD;? olemjyKtul5 OD;ESih  ftaxGaxGtul3 OD;jzih  faMu;eD  owåKwGif;pDrHudef;0efxrf;ESih  f0efxrf;rdom;pkrsm;tm; 24 em&Dusef;rma&;
apmif ha&S mufrIrsm; jyKvkyfay;vsuf&S  daMumif;? ,cktcg 21-5-2012 &ufaeYrS
aeYpOf 
(Mobile Medical Team)
wpfckjzih  fvSnf hvnfí teD;ywf0ef;usif 
aus;&G mrsm; 28 &G mrSvlemrsm;uk  dyg tcrJ husef;rma&;apmih  fa&S mufrIrsm; jyKvkyf 
ay;vsuf&S  daMumif; awG U&S  d&onf/ a'ocH &G mol&G mom;rsm;u xk  dYxufyd krd kí xda&mufaom tultnDrsm; ay;apvk  daMumif;uk  dvnf; awG U&S  d&onf/
62/ ykodrf-rk  H&G m um;vrf;ab;&S  d'kef;awm&G mESih  fav;n§if;awmifbkef;awmfBuD;
ausmif;tMum;? (rk  difwk  diftrSwf(446^2) rS (446^7) txd )wGif&S  daom ,cif 
1984 ckESpfrS1997 ckESpfcef YtwGif; pGef YypfcJ honf hpGef Yypfajrrsm;uk  da'ocHrsm;u a'oEÅ &enf;jzih  f'k m^aMu;eDcsufvkyfNyD; usef&S  daeonf hnpfEGrf;ajrom;rsm;uk  d 
t½kyfqk  d;tusnf;wef  fpG m awG U&S  dcJ h&onf/ xkd Ytjyif ykodrf-rk  H&Gmum;vrf;ab;&S  d 
uHukef;aus;&G mtwGif;ESih  fteD;ywf0ef;usifwGifvnf; ,cif1984 ckESpfrS1997
ckESpfcef YtwGif; pGef YypfcJ honfhpGef Yypfajrrsm;ud ka'oEÅ &enf;jzih  f'k m^aMu;eD 
csufvkyfrIaMumih  fajrom;rsm; npfEGrf;NyD; ajratmufod k Ypdrf h0ifrIaMumih  faomufok  H;a& 
roef Y&Sif;rIrsm; jzpfay:aeaMumif; awG U&SdcJ honf/
63/ rk  H&G maMu;eDpDrHudef;\ yxrtqih  fjzpfonf hpHy,fawmif? aMu;pifawmif 
pDrHudef;wGif aygif;pyfpDrHceYfcGJrIpepf
(Integrated Management System)
udk 
t&nftaoG;jrif hrm;a&;? ab;tEÅ &m,fuif;&Sif;a&;? vkyfief;cGifusef;rma&;ESih  f 
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&; aqmif&GufrIrsm;wGiftajccHrl0g'tjzpfusif hok  H;aMumif;? 2003 ckESpfrSpí pHy,fawmif? aMu;pifawmifpDrHudef;onftjynfjynfqk  dif&m
vufrSwf3apmifjzpfaom
ISO 14001:2004
 
(obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;rI 
pDrHcef YcJ  Gjcif;qk  dif&mvufrSwf )
ISO 9001:2008
 
(xkwfvkyfrIpDrHcef YcG  Jjcif;qk  dif&m
vufrSwf )
OHSAS 18001:2007
 
(vkyfief;cGifab;uif;vk  HNcHKrIESif husef;rma&; pDrHcef YcG  JrIqk  dif&mvufrSwf )wdk Yudk&&S  dxdef;odrf;xm;Ek  difcJ haMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h&onf/
64/ rk  H&G maMu;eDpDrHudef;\ 'kwd,tqif hjzpfonf hvufyHawmif;awmifpDrHudef;
wGifvnf; pHy,fawmif? aMu;pifawmifpDrHudef;rS muJ hok  d Yyif[if;vif;yGif h 
(OpenPit)
 
owåKwl;azmfa&;vkyfief;? tufppfyg0ifaom t&nfzsef;í 'k m&nf  xkwfvkyfief;? atmf*Jepft&nfjzif h'kw¬mt&nftaoG; jr§if hwifjcif;vkyfief;ESif h 
vQyfppfok  H;oef Ypifenf;pOfjzif huufokwfaMu;eDxkwfvkyfjcif;vkyfief;rsm; yg0ifrnf  jzpfaMumif;? xk  d YtjyifvufyHawmif;awmifpDrHudef;wGiftjynfjynfqk  dif&m pHEIef;
rsm;ud ktajccHonf hpepfuk  dvnf; tvm;wlqufvufusif hok  H;oG m;rnfjzpfaMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h&onf/ 65/ 1996 ckESpfwGifMopaMw;vsEk  difiH
 
(Coffey Partners International Pty.Limited)
u vufyHawmif;awmifa&pDrHcef YcG  JrIESif hywf0ef;usifapmif hMunf havh 
vmrIrsm;uk  daqmif&GufcJ haMumif;? xk  d YtjyifvufyHawmif;awmifpDrHudef;twGuf 
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESif hvIrIb0tuJjzwfrI?
Environmental and SocialImpact Assessment-ESIA)
 
pmwrf;ud k1997 ckESpfuyifMopaMw;vsEd kifiH 
(MINPROC Engineers Limited)
 
u tBudKjzpfEk  difpGrf;avhvmrItpD&ifcHpm
(Pre-feasibility Study Report)
 
ESif hjzpfEk  difpGrf;avhvmrItpD&ifcHpm
( FeasibilityStudy Report )
 
ü a&;om;xnf hoGif;cJ haMumif;? 2003-2004 ckESpfrsm;wGifvnf;
vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDpHrHudef;twGuf 
(Base Line Study on the Flora)
 
ESifh 
(Base Line Study on Fish, Birds & Mammals Report)
 
wd kYuk  d &efukef 
wuúod kvf? owåaA'XmerSppfwrf;aumuf,ljyKpkwifjyNyD;jzpfaMumif; awG U&S  dcJ h
onf/
66/ vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;twGuf2012 ckESpf? pufwifbmvwGif 
Environmental Myanmar Cooperative Company Limited ( EMC)
 
u
Base
Line and Monitoring Survey on Flora and Fauna of Letpadaung Copper 
Project Mine Area
 
uk  dvnf; ppfwrf;aumuf,lcJ hNyD;jzpfaMumif;?
Re-assessment
of EIA & SIA
 
wd kYud k ukrÜPD3 ckjzif haqmif&GufNyD;
Integrated Management
System (IMS)
?
Integrated Management Procedures ( IMPs)
?
EnvironmentalControl Procedures (ECPs)
?
Safety Procedures
?
Environment Aspect Register 
 
ESif h 
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
 
paom vkyfief;rsm;uk  djy|mef;NyD;
tao;pdwfpDrHaqmif&GufrnfjzpfaMumif; od&S  dcJ h&onf/ 67/ jrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yd kifvDrdwuf 
(Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited-MEHL)
 
onfpk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Siftm; OD;yk  difvDrdwufESif h0rfaygifukPDwk  d Y 
csKyfqd kxm;aom pmcsKyfud kwifjycJ hygonf/ 2013 ckESpf? Zefe0g&Dv 9 &ufaeYwGif  pk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&SifESih  fOD;yk  difOuú|acgif;aqmifonf htzG  J UESih  fawG Uqk  H&mwGif  OD;ykdifvDrdwufbufrSvufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;tm; OD;ykdif  vDrdwufok  d YowåKwGif;0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfvkyfcGif hygrpfxkwfay;cJ haMumif;? OD;yk  dif 
vDrdwufonf0rfaygifukPDESih  fxkwfvkyfrIcG  Ja0onf h 
(Production Sharing
Contract)
pmcsKyfcsKyfqk  dcJ haMumif;? jrefrmh&if;ES  D;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&Sif\ cGih  fjyKrdef Y?
ukefoG,frI0g'aumifpD\ cGih  fjyKrdef Y? tpk  d;&tzG  J Uwk  d Y\ cGih  fjyKrdef Ywk  d Yuk  d&,lcJ haMumif; &Sif;jycJ hygonf/ xk  duJ hok  d YoabmwlnDcsufrsm;&,lxm;aomfvnf; Ek  difiHjcm;ukPDESih  f 
owåKwGif;vkyfief; vkyfuk  difjcif;jzpf&m xk  dok  d Yvkyfuk  dif&eftwGufcGih  fjyKonf htrdef Y
aMumfjimpm
(Notifcation)
uk  drlxkwfjyefxm;jcif; r&S  daMumif;uk  dawG U&S  d&ygonf/ pk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ twk  difyifcHynm&Sif2 OD;wk  d Yu Ek  difiHawmf\ tusKd; pD;yG m;? jrefrmhpD;yG m;a&;OD;yk  difvDrdwuf\ a&&SnftusKd;twGufOD;yk  difvDrdwufESih  f  0rfaygifwk  d YcsKyfqk  dxm;aom pmcsKyfwGifjyifqifoih  fonf htcsuftvufwk  d Yuk  dtBuH  jyKcJ hMuygonf/ OD;yk  difvDrdwufonfuefx½k  dufpmcsKyfuk  djyifqifcGih  f&SdaMumif;ESih  f  xk  dok  d Yjyifqifonf htcg pk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tMuHjyKcsufrsm;uk  dxnf hoGif;jyif 
qifrnfjzpfaMumif;jzih  faumfr&Siftm; ajymMum;cJ hygonf/ 68/ aumfr&Sif\ a'ocHtzG  J U0ifwk  d Yu ,if;rmyifNrdKUe,f? a&Munfjyif&G mrS 
trsKd;orD;BuD;wpfOD; 2-2-2013 &ufaeYwGifausmufrk  dif;cG  JrIaMumif htkwfa&uef  NydKusí 'Pf&m&&S  donf[kaumfr&Siftm; owif;yk  d YcJ h&m aumfr&SiftzG  J U0ifESpfOD;onf 
6-2-2013 &ufaeUwGifoG m;a&mufppfaq;cJ hygonf/
(u) trsKd;orD;BuD;onftkwfuefNydKusojzih  fyGef;yJ h'Pf&mrsm;&&S  dNyD;
rk  H&G mjynfol Yaq;½k  Hü aq;ukorIcHaeonfuk  dawG U&S  d&ygonf/ jynfol Y 
aq;½k  Hu vk  dtyfaom usef;rma&;ppfaq;rIrsm;uk  djyKvkyfay;cJ hyg onf/(c) NydKusonf htkwfa&uefukdppfaq;Munf h&m tkwfa&uefrS m 2012
ckESpf? 'DZifbmvwGifaqmufvkyfcJ hNyD; vuf&mrS m owfrSwft&nf  taoG;rrDaMumif;? tkwfa&uefrS m ajrwkefcgrI 
(Vibration)
vm;&m
bufok  d Yqef Yusifí NydKuscJ honfuk  dawG U&S  d&ygonf/ &GmtwGif;&Sd  tjcm;a&uefrsm;rS mrlxdck  dufysufpD;rIr&S  daMumif; awG U&Sd&ygonf/
aumfr&SiftzG  J U0ifrsm;onfjrefrm-,efpDaumhyg;ukPDu aMu;pif  awmifESih  fpHy,fawmifwk  d YwGifprf;oyfausmufrk  dif;cG  JrIrsm;uk  drsufjrif 
Munfh½IcJ h&m rsm;pG mus,favmifaom toHrsm;rMum;&bJwkefcgrI 
r&S  dcJ haMumif; awG U&S  d&ygonf/ ywf0ef;usifok  d YqufvufavhvmcJ h&m
a&ykyfaus;&G m&S  dbk&m;rsm;tm; ysufpD;rI&S  d^r&S  dvSnf hvnfMunfh½I 
zl;ajrmfNyD;? q&mawmfOD;oDveE´\ rdef YMum;csuft& ,cifESpfu
ivsif'PfaMumif hbk&m;apwDtcsKd U uG  JtufcJ haMumif;? ausmufrk  dif;cG  JrI  aMumif htoHus,fNyD; ajrwkefcgrItenf;i,fom&S  daMumif; od&S  d&yg
onf/
(*) trsKd;orD;\'Pf&m&&S  drIonfausmufrk  dif;cG  JrIESif hqufpyfrIr&S  daomf  vnf; jrefrm-,efpDaumhyg;ukPDu apwemtavsmufaq;uko
ay;cJhaMumif; awGU&S  d&ygonf/ jrefrmhywf0ef;usifod  HtzG  J Utm; wm0efay;tyfjcif;
69/ pk  Hprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ uGif;qif;avhvmcsufrsm;rS m yPmrpk  Hprf; ppfaq;rIrsm;jzpfojzif hvufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;ESif hpyfvsOf obm0ywf0ef;usifxdck  dufrIESif hvlrIb0 tusKd;oufa&mufrIwd k Yud ktuJjzwfEk  dif&ef  twGufjrefrmhywf0ef;usifod  Htm; wm0efay;tyfcJ h&m jrefrmhywf0ef;usifod  Honf 
atmufygbmom&yfuRrf;usifolrsm;yg0ifonf htzG  JUjzif hvkyfief;rsm;ud kzG  J Upnf; aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdygonf- (u)
Ecology Expert
 
1 OD;(c)
 Natural Hazard and Environmental Management
 
1 OD;(*)
Project Development Analyst Expert
 
1 OD;(C)
Health, Safety and Environment Consultant
 
1 OD;(i)
Environmental Engineering Consultant
 
1 OD;(p)
Soil and Water Expert
 
1 OD;(q)
Environmental Mapping Expert
 
1 OD;(Z)
Social Impact Assessment Expert
 
2 OD;(ps)
Air Quality Expert
 
1 OD;(n)
EIA Consultant
 
1 OD;(#)
Cultural Expert
 
1 OD;jrefrmhywf0ef;usifod  HtzG  J U\ avhvmawG U&S  dcsufrsm;
70/ jrefrmhywf0ef;usifod  HtzG  J Uonf'DZifbmv 24 &ufaeYrS30 &ufaeYtxd 
vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef;ESif hpyfvsOf;í vnf;aumif;? pHy,fawmifESif haMu;pifawmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;vkyfaqmifaerIudk  vnf;aumif; oG m;a&mufí vufawG UuGif;qif;avhvmcJ hygonf/ uGif;qif; avhvmcsufrsm;t& atmufygwd kYudkawG U&S  dcJ h&ygonf- (u) a*[pepf/ vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;a'owGif&S  donf h
opfyifrsm;teuf opfyiftrsKd;tpm;
(Plant species)
 
wGif 
rsKd;wk  H;rnf htrsKd;tpm;rawG U&aMumif;? pDrHudef;{&d,monfcsif;wGif; jrpfteD;wnf&S  daMumif;? jrpfa&vQHonh  ftcg aMu;eDrd kif;teD;txd  a&muf&S  daMumif;? csif;wGif;jrpfa&\ erlemud kppfaq;cJ h&mwGifEk  difiHwum
pHcsdefpHEIef;twGif;&S  daMumif;? ajratmufa& 
(Ground Water)
ud k
ppfaq;&mwGifajratmufa&onfaomufoH k;&efroih  favsmfonfud k 
awGU&Sd&aMumif;? txl;ojzihf uHukef;aus;&Gm&Sd a&wGif;rsm;rS 
ajratmufa&onfEk  difiHwumu owfrSwfxm;aom aomufoH k;a& 
pHEIef;xufedrf husonfudkawG U&S  d&aMumif;?
(c) avxknpfnrf;rItajctae/ vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;
e,fajr0ef;usifwGifzkefrIef Yyg0ifrIonf urÇmhusef;rma&;tzG  J U
(WHO)
pHcsdefpHñTef;rsm;xuf yd krd kaeonfud kawG U&S  d&ygonf/
avxkESih  fywfoufonh  f tjcm;t*F g&yfrsm;jzpfaom
CO
2
, VOC, NO
2
, and SO
2
 
wd k Yyg0ifrIrS mrlowfrSwfxm;aom pHcsdefpHñTef;twGif;
aumif;rGefonh  ftajctae&S  donfudkawG U&S  d&ygonf/
(*) vufyHawmif;awmifpDrHudef;tay: vlrI0ef;usif½IaxmifhrS 
qef;ppfcsuf/ jrefrmhywf0ef;usifodyÜ  HtzG  J Uonf25-12-2012 rS
uGif;qif;avhvmNyD; pHy,fawmif? aMu;pifawmifESih  fvufyHawmif;
awmifwk  d Y\ obm0ywf0ef;usifESih  fvlrIa&;? usef;rma&;
aqmif&GufrItajctaersm;ud kavhvmjcif;? &G mom;rsm;tm; pDrHudef; ESih  fywfoufí awG UqH kar;jref;jcif;? v,f,majr avsmfaMu;udESih  f  ywfoufí awG UqH kar;jref;jcif;wd k Yud kjyKvkyfcJ hygonf/ xk  dod k Yavhvm
&mwGifajymif;a&T Urnf haus;&G mopfud kwnfaqmufay;jcif;? rlv
wef;ausmif;? pmMunf hwd kuf? qufoG,fa&;pcef;ESih  frD;owfpcef;rsm;
xm;&S  day;jcif;? a&? rD;&&S  d&efaqmif&Gufay;jcif;? bkef;awmfBuD;
ausmif;rsm; wnfaqmufay;jcif; ponfwd k Yud kjyKvkyfay;aMumif; awG U&S  d  &ygonf/ tdrfrsm;ud kwnfaqmufay;&mwGift&nftaoG;nH hojzih  f 
tdrftrsKd;tpm;tvdkuf pmrsufES m 6 aumfvH1 ok  d Y 
m
 t*Fg? rwf12? 2013

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