0015 BCE SourceMarcusVipsaniusAgrippagovernor of Syria, friend of Herod theGreat (Pliny'ssource)020 CE NO YES YES Strabo
Strabo tells us that theAsclepius temples at Cosand Epidaurus werealways filled with patients, and along their walls the tablets weresuspended, upon whichwere recorded thehistory and treatment of the individual cases of disease. One of thesetablets has been foundon the island in theTiber, near Rome, at thesite of an ancient temple- inscribed in Greek:
"Lucius was attacked bythe pleurisy, and everyone despaired of his life; the god ordered that the warm ashes of the altar be mingled with wine, and applied to his side. He was saved, and gave thanksto the god before the people."
020 CE NO YES YESChaeremonthe Stoic
Contemporary of Strabo;system not extinct -source for Porphyry
is often taken as the sole authority for the
. When he wrote, the origins of the Therapeutae werealready lost in the past, and he was even unsure about the etymology of their name, which he explained as meaning either
physicians of souls
or servants of God
. Philo was employing the familiar polarity in Hellenic philosophy between the activeand the contemplative life, exemplifying the active life by the Essenes, another severely ascetic sect, and the contemplativelife by the desert-dwelling Therapeutae. According to Philo, the
Therapeutae were widely distributed in the Ancientworld
, among the Greeks and beyond in the non-Greek world of the "Barbarians", with one of ther major gathering point being in Alexandria, in the area of the Lake Mareotis
030 CEOn Ascetics On Ascetics YESPhiloJudaeus
Essenes in Palestine;Therapeutae in Egypt(and everywhere). TheTherapeutae admittedwomen, the Essenes didnot. The Therepeutae practiced annointmentwith oil in the usualOriental manner,whereas oil wasregarded as a defilement by the Essenes.
Coins minted from the time of Nero in 54 CE through to Licinius in 324 CE depict Asclepius or Salus -- include a total of forty-six emperors (listed below). It is notable that the tradition ceases with the rise to supremacy of the emperor Constantine.
an incomplete manuscript of a Greek mime ( a skit). The scene of action of the skit is India and there are anumber of Indian characters who speak dialogue in an Indian language. Dr. E. Hultzsch (1857-1927), a noted GermanIndologist, identified some words of the dialogue as an archaic form of Kannada, one of the four major languages of SouthIndia.