Though Nobel remained unmarried, his biographers note that he had at least three loves. Nobel's first love was in Russia with a girl named Alexandra, who rejected his proposal.In 1876Bertha Kinskybecame Alfred Nobel's secretary but after only a brief stay lefthim to marry her old flame, Baron Arthur Gundaccar von Suttner. Though her personalcontact with Alfred Nobel had been brief, she corresponded with him until his death in1896, and it is believed that she was a major influence in his decision to include a peace prize among those prizes provided in his will. Bertha von Suttner was awarded the 1905 Nobel Peace prize, 'for her sincere peace activities'. Nobel's third and long-lasting love was with a flower girl named Sofie Hess from Vienna.This liaison lasted for 18 years and in many of the exchanged letters, Nobel addressed hislove as 'Madame Sofie Nobel'. After his death, according to his biographers - Evlanoff and Flour, and Fant - Nobel's letters were locked within the Nobel Institute in Stockholmand became the best kept secret of the time. They were only released in 1955, to beincluded with the biographical data of Nobel. Nobel was elected a member of theRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciencesin 1884, thesame institution that would later select the laureates for two of the Nobel prizes, and hereceived anhonorary doctoratefromUppsala Universityin 1893.
Alfred Nobel always thought of himself as sickly and was quite prone to chest colds. Thiscombined with the knowledge that his inventions were more valued as a tool of destruction drove him to fits of depression which caused his heart to weaken and finallygive in to a stroke.He is buried in Norra begravningsplatseninStockholm.
During the years 1850-52, Alfred was allowed a few study-oriented stays abroad. Hespent one year in Paris with the famous chemist Jules Pelouze, a professor at the Collègede France who had just opened a private training laboratory. Pelouze, who incidentally